ch 35

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Mattheplaya
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11514
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ch 35
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2010-03-21 21:32:06
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  1. A system of economic organization, based on market competition, under which the means of production, distribution, and exchange are privately owned and directed by individuals and corporations
    Capitalism
  2. A social and political ideology advocating that authority and property be vested in the community, each member working for the common benefit according to capacity and receiving according to needs
    Communism
  3. The breaking down of traditional boundaries in the face of increasingly supranational trends in finance, communication, and cultural exchange
    Globalization
  4. Leader of the Indian National Congress and first Prime Minister of independent India (1947 – 1964)
    Jawaharlal Nehru
  5. A free association of countries, consisting of the United Kingdom and mostly former members of the British empire, united by cultural bonds and a recognition of the British monarch
    Commonwealth of Nations
  6. A grouping of 110 countries and liberation movements asserting their neutrality in the Cold War rivalry between the US and the USSR (1961)
    Non-Aligned Movement
  7. Vietnamese nationalist leader in conflicts with Japanese, French, and American forces; first president of independent, communist North Vietnam (1954 – 1969)
    Ho Chi Minh
  8. British commitment to the creation of a national homeland for Jewish people (1917)
    Balfour Declaration
  9. A political and cultural movement promoting pride in the great traditions of pre-colonial Africa
    Négritude
  10. Ghanaian statesman, first Prime Minister (1957 – 1960) and first President (1960 – 1966) of newly-independent Ghana (former British colony, Gold Coast)
    Kwame Nkrumah
  11. Militant nationalist movement in Kenya; anti-Christian and anti-British Kikuyu guerilla fighters (1952 – Kenyan independence in 1963)
    Mau Mau
  12. Jomo Kenyatta
    Jomo Kenyatta
  13. Seized power in a military coup against the newly-independent government of Congo (1965); President of Democratic Republic of Congo (1970 – 1997)
    Mobutu Sese Seko
  14. Forced industrialization of China by means of collectivizing land and businesses; induced famine, killing 20 million (1958 – 1961)
    Great Leap Forward
  15. Chinese intellectuals and professionals beaten and killed by Red Guard; mass arrests and deportation to labor camps for “re-education” (1966 – 1976)
    Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution
  16. Successor to Mao as leader of China (1981 – 1997); reversed Cultural Revolution policies and guided China’s re-entry into the global financial and trade markets
    Deng Xiaoping
  17. Site of brutal suppression of Chinese students, demonstrating for American-style democratic reforms in China (1989)
    Tiananmen Square
  18. Egyptian President (1970 – 1981) who reversed Nasser’s pro-Soviet, anti-Israel policies; assassinated by jihadists
    Anwar Sadat
  19. Leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) from 1968 to his death in2004
    Yasser Arafat
  20. Rejection of European and American models of economic development and political and social norms; promotion of Muslim identity, values, legal systems, and political power
    Islamism
  21. The right and duty to defend Islam and the Islamic community from unjust attack
    Jihad
  22. Autocratic ruler of Iran, installed by the CIA in 1953; overthrown by Islamist revolution in 1979
    Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlav
  23. Leader of the Iranian Revolution (1979); theocratic ruler of Iran (1979 – 1989)
    Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
  24. Founded in 1944 in Bretton Woods, NH, to stabilize exchange rates and to promote world economic growth through free trade markets and loans to member nations
    International Monetary Fund
  25. Forum for settling international trade disputes and eliminating tariffs that restrict free trade
    World Trade Organization
  26. Cartel of major oil-producing nations that sets prices and establishes annual production quotas for its members
    Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
  27. Established the European Union in 1993
    Maestricht Treaty

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