Personality Disorders

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Author:
tichelle2
ID:
115143
Filename:
Personality Disorders
Updated:
2011-11-07 10:11:12
Tags:
personality disorders
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Description:
type, main features and interventions
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  1. What types of personality disorders belong in Cluster A (odd & eccentric)?
    • paranoid
    • schizotypal
    • schizoid
  2. What are the main features and interventions for Cluster A: PARANOID?
    main features: blunted, cold guarded, suspicious, NO fixed delusion & hallucinations

    interventions: non-intrusive & non-confrontational, build trust
  3. What are the main features and interventions for Cluster A: SCHIZOID?
    main features: uncomfortable interacting with other, prefer solitary activites, remain reality oriented

    interventions: slowly involve in unit activites, assist with verbal expression of feelings
  4. What are the main features and interventions for Cluster A: SCHIZOTYPAL?
    main features: schizophrenia spectrum (do not meet full criteria); eccentric & odd, magical thinking, unusual perceptual experiences

    interventions: offer support, guide gently, work on improving social, vocational, and interpersonal skills
  5. What types of personality disorders belong in Cluster B (Dramatic-Erratic)?
    • Antisocial
    • histrionic
    • Narcissistic
    • Borderline
  6. What are the main features and interventions for Cluster B: ANTISOCIAL?
    main features: disregard for the rights of others; hx of criminal behavior; reckless & impulse; lack of remorse and responsibility

    interventions: long term treatment; set & enforce firm limits; confront behavior; point out impact of behavior on others
  7. What are the main features and interventions for Cluster B: HISTRIONIC?
    main features: dramatic; center of attention; overreaction to events; exaggerate intimacy

    interventions: positive reinforcment for appropriate behaviors; independent problem-solving; expression of feelings
  8. What are the main features and interventions for Cluster B: NARCISSISTIC?
    main features: inflated sense of self; grandiose; lacks empathy; arrogant; sense of entitlement

    interventions: supportive confrontation; decrease focus on self-importance; group therapy
  9. What are the main features and interventions for Cluster B: BORDERLINE?
    main features: emotional dyregulation, unstable relationships (over-idealization & devaluation); manipulative; SPLITTING may occur; increase risk for suicide; most likely to be hospitalized; increased PTSD; DID

    interventions: implement safety plan; establish & maintain boundaries; supportive conforntation; DBT apprach; may use anti-depressants.
  10. What types of personality disoders belong in Cluster C (anxious-fearful)?
    • avoidant
    • dependent
    • obsessive-complusive
  11. What are the main features and interventions for Cluster C: AVOIDANT?
    main features: timid, withdrawn & socially uncomfortable; desire close relationships; appear uncertain & shy

    interventions: assist in identifying and working through fears, development of social skills; teach relaxation techniques; activities to promote self-esteem
  12. What are the main features and interventions for Cluster C: DEPENDENT?
    main features: excessive need to be taken care of; fear of separation; sense of helplessness; inability to make independent decisions; avoid conflict through passive behavior

    Interventions: encourage & support independent decision-making; teach assertiveness; assist with anxiety management.
  13. What are the main features and interventions for Cluster C: OBSESSIVE-COMPLUSIVE?
    main features: perectionistic & inflexible; preoccupied with rules and details; rigid & controlling; difficulty experiencing pleasure and having fun

    interventions: encourage exploration of perfectionism; encourage development of leisure activites; explore impact of their behavior on others

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