Mylanta-alum/mag w/ simethicone,Gaviscon- mag
(Amphojel, Maalox, Mylanta, gaviscon)
Antacids; Used for numerous GI disorders, but DOES NOT coat ulcers!
Coats the stomach to neutralize HCL and reduce pepsin activity.
Common Side Effects: Constipation, diarrhea, if contains alum: encephalopathy and/or hypophosphatemia mag: hypermagnesia.Alum and carafate will create alum toxicity.
Nursing Implications: *give 1 hr before & 2-3 hrs after meals.Not recom. for pt. w/ renal insuff. b/c electrolyte imbalances can occur. Separate within 30 min of carafate! Monitor diarrhea/constipation.