Greek and Roman Mythology Name ID

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selenas
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115184
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Greek and Roman Mythology Name ID
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2011-11-07 19:51:23
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Mythological characters and their identification for my greek and roman mythology class.
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  1. Europa
    • Daughter of Agenor and Telephassa.
    • Mother of 3 sons by Zeus: Minos, Sarpeclon, Rhadamanthys.
    • Zeus saw Europa on the beach at Sidon/Tyre, where her father was king. Filled with love for her, he transformed into a dazzling white bull and laid at her feet. She sat on his back and he took her across the sea to Crete, then lay with her. Zeus gave her 3 gifts: a bronze automaton Talos, a dog that never loses its prey, and a hunting spear that never missed.
  2. Eris
    • Daughter of Nyx.
    • Eris is the personification of strife.
    • She gives birth to Work, Forgetfulness, Hunger, Pain, Battles, Fights, Murders, Killings, Quarrels, Lies, Stories, Disputes, Lawlessness, Ruin and the Oath.
    • She is portrayed as a female winged spirit. She threw the apple intended for the fairest of the goddesses which Paris had the task of awarding (origin of the Trojan War).
  3. Dryads
    • Tree Nymphs.
    • Gaia gave birth to them when the blood from Uranus's castrated member fell upon her.
    • Meliads, nymphs of the ash trees.
    • Hamadryads, nymphs whose lives were tied to particular trees.
  4. Actaeon
    • Son of Aristeus.
    • Raised by the Centaur Chiron who taught him the art of hunting.
    • Devoured by his own hunting dogs, because Artemis set them upon him after he saw her naked while bathing.
  5. Deianira
    • Daughter of King Oeneus of Calydon and Althaea.
    • Her brother Meleager, who had died, encountere Heracles while he was in Hades. Meleager asked him to marry her. Deianira sent him a cloak dipped in Nessus blood out of jealousy, thinking that it would make him love her again. When he put it on, it became poisonous and eventually killed him. Deianira killed herself when she saw what she had done.
  6. Icarus
    • Son of Daedalus and Naucrate (Minos' slave).
    • Minos imprisoned Icarus and his father in the labyrinth. Daedalus made them wings so they could fly out, and attached them with wax to their bodies. Icarus flew too high, and the sun melted the wax. He fell to the sea.
  7. Daedalus
    • Athenian descended from Cecrops.
    • He was a skilled artist, architect, sculptor, and inventor.
    • Talos, his nephew, became his pupil. Daedalus became jealous of his talent and threw him from the top of the Acropolis. He was exiled and fled to the court of King Minos in Crete, where he made the wooden cow and built the Labyrinth. He told Ariadne how Theseus could get out of the Labyrinth.
  8. Cupid (Eros)
    • Personification of Love.
    • Generally accepted as the son of Hermes and Aphrodite.
    • Depicted as a child, often winged, whose occupation was to trouble the hearts of humans. He either inflamed them with his torch or wounded them with his arrows.
    • Falls in love with the very beautiful Psyche and marries her.
  9. Argonauts
    • Jason's companions in his search for the Golden Fleece. They were so called after the Argo, the name of the ship they sailed in.
    • There were 50-55 of them.
  10. Jason
    • Son of Aeson and Alcimede.
    • Native of Iolcos.
    • Raised by Centaur Chiron, who taught him medicine. To reclaim his power he was sent to retrieve the Golden Fleece by Pelias. When he returned from Colchis with it, he married Medea who had helped him.
    • He and Medea were exiled to Corinth for the death of Pelias. Jason transferred his affection to the daughter of Creon. Medea killed her and then murdered her two children by Jason. Afterward he ruled over Iolcos.
  11. Medea
    • Daughter of Aeetes (King of Colchis) and Idyia.
    • Without her, Jason would not have won the Golden Fleece.
    • She was opposed to her father's policy of killing all foreigners. She helped Jason in return for the promise that he'd marry her. She betrayed her father and even killed her brother.
    • Tricked the king Pelias's daughters into killing their father by boiling him in 'magic' liquid. She killed Jason's new betrothed with a poisonous dress, then her own children fathered by Jason. She fled in a chariot driven by winged dragons.
  12. Creusa (Glauce)
    • Daughter of Creon.
    • Promised in marriage to Jason who was already married to Medea.
    • Killed by a poisoned dress sent by Medea.
  13. Creon
    • 1. A king of Corinth, son of Lycaethus, father to Creusa.
    • 2. A king of Thebes, son of Menoeceus. After Laius died Creon succeeded him as king. Oedipus was awarded the throne after killing the sphinx. Creon got it back after the incest was revealed. Sacrificed own son, Megareus, to save the city.
  14. Symplegades
    • "clashing rocks"
    • Rocks/Cliffs that clashed together randomly at the Bosphorus. Defeated by Jason and the Argonauts, after which they stopped moving permanently.
  15. Circe
    • Daughter of Helios and of Perseis (Hecate).
    • Sister of Aeetes and Pasiphae.
    • Lived on island of Aeaea. Odysseus and his men stopped here on their way home from Troy. She turned his men into animals. Hermes gave Odysseus the means to change them back, and he stayed with her for awhile and fathered children.
  16. Chiron
    • The most famous and wisest Centaur.
    • Son of Cronus and the Oceanid Philyra.
  17. Chimaera
    • Offspring of Typhon and Echidna.
    • Beast which took its shape from both a goat and a lion.
    • Iobates demanded Bellerphon kill it because it was raiding his land.
  18. Charybdis
    • Daughter of Gaia and Poseidon.
    • Monster, Whirlpool.
    • Punished by Zeus for eating some of the beasts of Geryon being transported by Heracles.
    • Three times a day she swallows great quantities of sea water and everything in it.
  19. Charon
    The ferryman of the dead, who transported the spirits over the marsh of Acheron. Every soul had to pay him one obol (coin).
  20. Cerberus
    • Dog of Hades.
    • Watched over the realm of the dead and forbade the living from entering and the dead from leaving. Chained in front of the gate of the Underworld.
    • 3 dog heads, serpent tail, many snake's heads on his back
  21. Satyrs
    • Demons of nature who appeared in Dionysus' train.
    • Half goat, half man. Long thick tail. Perpetually erect penis of enormous proportions.
    • Depicted as dancing, drinking with Dionysus and pursuing the Maenads and the Nymphs.
  22. Centaurs
    • Mythical creatures, half man and half horse.
    • Lived in the mountains and forests and their food was raw flesh. Usually very violent.
  23. Cassandra
    • Daughter of Priam and Hecuba, twin sis of Helenus.
    • Apollo promised her the power to foretell the future if she gave in to his advances. She agreed, but after receiving the gift, spurned Apollo. He spat in her mouth and henceforth nobody believed her prophesies.
    • Was given to Agamemnon as booty of Troy. Had twin sons, Teledamus and Pelops. Murdered by Agamemnon's wife, Clytemnestra.
  24. Cadmus
    • Son of Agenor and Telephassa.
    • Brother to Cilix, Phoenix and Europa.
    • Founded Thebes. Killed a dragon, whose teeth became Spartoi when sowed into the ground.
    • Married Harmonia. Father of Agave and Semele.
  25. Bacchae (Maenads)
    • Female followers of Dionysus.
    • Depicted as being naked or dressed in thin veils. Wore wreaths of ivy on their heads and carried a thyrsus or cantharus.
    • Had power over wild animals, depicted as riding panthers and carrying wolf cubs.
    • Roamed about the countryside, drinking from springs.
  26. Astyanax
    • Son of Hector and Andromache.
    • Name means prince of the city.
    • After fall of Troy, he was seized by Greeks led by Odysseus, who put him to death by throwing him from the tower.
  27. Ascanius
    • Son of Aeneas and Creusa.
    • After fall of Troy he was taken to Italy by his father. He returned to rule in Troy after death of Aeneas.
    • Defeated Etruscans on the shores of Lake Numicus.
  28. Hippolytus
    • Son of Thesus and Amazon Hippolyta.
    • Inherited passion for hunting and exercise.
    • Devoted to Artemis, scorned Aphrodite.
    • Aphrodite took vengence by making his step mother fall in love with him (Phaedra). He rejected her, so she accused him of rape. Thesus called on Poseidon to punish him. A sea monster scared his horses and the dragged him to his death.
  29. Hippolyta (Antiope)
    • Queen of the Amazons, whose girdle Heracles tried to seize.
    • Daughter of Ares and Otera.
    • Mother of Hippolytus by Theseus. Organized expidition against Theseus because he married Phaedra.
    • Murdered by Heracles.
  30. Phaedra
    • Daughter of Minos and Pasiphae.
    • Sister of Ariadne.
    • Her brother Deucalion gave her in marriage to Theseus, despite the fact he was already married to Hippolyta.
    • Mother of Acamus and Demophon by Theseus.
    • She fell in love (because of Aphrodite) with step son, Hippolytus. He rejected her, so she caused his death, then killed herself.
  31. Ariadne
    • Daughter of Minos and Pasiphae.
    • She fell in love with Theseus when he came to Crete to do battle witht the Minotaur. She gave him a ball of thread, which he unwound in the maze to be able to get out later. They ran away together, but then he left her abandoned on the shores of Naxos.
    • Dionysus saw her, fell in love, and married her.
    • He gave her a golden diadem. They had 4 children - Thoas, Staphylus, Oenopion and Peparethus.
  32. Merope
    • Wife of Polybus, King of Corinth.
    • Adopted mother of Oedipus.
  33. Polybus
    • King of Corinth.
    • Adopted father of Oedipus.
  34. Teiresias
    • Blind prophet of Thebes
    • Famous for being transformed into a woman for seven years.
    • Blinded by Athena after stumbling upon her bathing naked.
    • Angered Hera by agreeing with Zeus that women have more pleasure during sex than men.
  35. Jocasta (Epicaste)
    • Wife and mother of Oedipus.
    • Daughter of Menoeceus.
    • Killed herself when she discovered her incest.
  36. Polynices
    • One of the two sons of Oedipus and Jocasta.
    • His brother is Eteocles. Their rivalry led to the war of the Seven against Thebes. Oedipus cursed them for insulting him by saying they would be incapable of living in peace and that they would kill each other.
    • They killed each other in battle.
  37. Eteocles
    • Son of Oedipus and Jocasta
    • Brother of Polynices.
    • Cursed by father to hate and kill each other.
  38. Oedipus
    • Son of Laius and Jocasta.
    • Cursed to kill his father and marry his mother. Because of this he was abandoned as a baby and King Polybus of Corinth raised him.
    • Met Laius on the road and ordered to make way. Angered, he killed Laius not knowing he was his father. He solved the riddle of the Sphinx and saved Thebes. Awarded the throne and Jocasta as wife. When the incest was discovered, he blinded himself.
  39. Andromeda
    • Daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopa.
    • She claimed to be more beautiful than all the Nereids put together. In jealousy the Nereids asked Poseidon to avenge this insult. He sent a monster to lay waste the country of Cepheus. If Andromeda was abandoned as a victim the scourge would end.
    • Perseus killed the monster and won Andromeda as his wife.
  40. Andromache
    • Daughter of Eetion. Daughter-in-law of Priam.
    • Wife of Hector. Mother of Astyanax.
    • Given to King of Epirus, Neoptolemus as Trojan bounty. She bore him 3 sons: Molossus, Pielus, and Pergamus.
    • When Neoptolemus was killed he bequeathed his kingdom and wife to the brother of Hector.
  41. Amazons
    • Race of warrior women who worshipped Artemis.
    • They conducted own government, ruled by a queen, men were only servants.
    • Cut off breasts so they could shoot arrows or handle a spear.
    • Heracles received a mission to take the girdle of Queen Hippolyta.
  42. Atlas
    • Son of Lapetus and Clymene.
    • A giant who took part in struggle between Gods and Giants. Zeus sentenced him to carry the vault of the sky on his shoulders as punishment.
    • He was father to the Pleiades, Hyades; Hesperides; Dione, Hyas and Hesperus.
  43. Pentheus
    • Son of Echion and Agave. Theban descended from Cadmus.
    • Tried to prevent the spread of the cult of Dionysus. Dionysus made all the women mad, when Pentheus went to spy on them, they thought he was a beast and killed him.
  44. Agave
    • Daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia.
    • Married to Echion. Mother of Pentheus.
    • Sister to Semele. She said the Semele died because she actually had a liason with a mortal and lied that it was Zeus. Punished by Dionysus by being made to kill her own son.
  45. Iphigeneia
    • Daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra.
    • She was to be sacrificed to Artemis so that the Achaean fleet could sail against Troy. Artemis spirited her away and put a deer in her place.
    • She was made a prestess in Tauris, where her duty was to sacrifice all foreigners. Two of the strangers turned out to be her brothers Orestes and Pylades. She gave them the statue of Artemis and fled.
  46. Electra
    • Daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra.
    • Treated as a slave after Agamemnon was killed. She saved her brother, Orested, by entrusting him to their old tutor, who took him away.
    • She played an active part in the assassination of Aegisthus and Clytemnestra.
    • Married Pylades.
  47. Pylades
    • Great friend and first cousin of Orestes.
    • Son of Strophius and Anaxibia.
    • He and Orestes were brought up at Strophius' court, where Orestes was put while Clytemnestra was living with Aegisthus during Agamemnon's absence.
    • Married Electra.
  48. Sphinx
    • A monster with the face of a woman, the chest and feet of a lion and wings like a bird of prey.
    • Associated witht the myth of Oedipus and the Theban cycle.
    • Child of Typhon and Echidna. Lived in a mountain west of Thebes, where it ravaged the countryside, devouring mortals who passed by. It would ask riddles and eat those who couldn't answer.
  49. Orestes
    • Son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra.
    • When Agamemnon was assasinated by Aegisthus and Clytemnestra, Orestes was saved by his sister Electra.
    • Ordered by Apollo to avenge his father's death by killing Aegisthus and Clytemnestra.
    • Married cousin Hermione, and reigned over Argos, Sparta.
  50. Menelaus
    • Brother of Agamemnon; husband of Helen.
    • Son of Atreus.
    • Children: Hermione and a son, Nicostratus.
    • Lived peacefully in Sparta till Paris came and abducted Helen while Menelaus was away at his grandfather's funeral.
    • Won at Troy, returned with Helen.

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