Bio 211

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  1. What is the characteristic that distinguishes living things from non-living things?
    The ability to reproduce their own kinds
  2. Describe the field of genetics known as Cytogenetics
    The field of genetics that involves the microscopic examination of chromosomes and cell division
  3. Each human somatic cell has how many chromosomes arranged in pairs
  4. Chromosomes in a pair are known as ________ chromosomes
  5. Why are chromosomes in a pair known as homologous chromosomes? (3 reasons)
    length, centromere position, and staining patterns
  6. The term autosome refers to what?
    All chromosomes other than the sex chromosomes
  7. True or False: All human cells are diploid.
  8. What is G1? S phase? G2?
    first gap, synthesis, and second gap
  9. What is the G1 checkpoint?
    restriction point- checks for DNA damage
  10. What is a G2 checkpoint?
    checks for DNA damage
  11. What is metaphase checkpoint?
    checks the integrity of the spindle apparatus
  12. M Phase cell division takes place in these phases
    Prophase, Prometaphase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase
  13. Name the 2 types of regulatory proteins that are involved in cell cycle control
    • 1. Cyclins
    • 2. Cyclin- dependent kinases (Cdk's)
Card Set
Bio 211
Chapter 15- Eukaryotic Cell Cycle
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