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What is the characteristic that distinguishes living things from non-living things?
The ability to reproduce their own kinds
Describe the field of genetics known as Cytogenetics
The field of genetics that involves the microscopic examination of chromosomes and cell division
Each human somatic cell has how many chromosomes arranged in pairs
Chromosomes in a pair are known as ________ chromosomes
Why are chromosomes in a pair known as homologous chromosomes? (3 reasons)
length, centromere position, and staining patterns
The term autosome refers to what?
All chromosomes other than the sex chromosomes
True or False: All human cells are diploid.
What is G1? S phase? G2?
first gap, synthesis, and second gap
What is the G1 checkpoint?
restriction point- checks for DNA damage
What is a G2 checkpoint?
checks for DNA damage
What is metaphase checkpoint?
checks the integrity of the spindle apparatus
M Phase cell division takes place in these phases
Prophase, Prometaphase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase
Name the 2 types of regulatory proteins that are involved in cell cycle control
2. Cyclin- dependent kinases (Cdk's)
Chapter 15- Eukaryotic Cell Cycle