Card Set Information
When and where was Aristotle born?
384 B.C. in Thrace, Greece
what subjects did Aristotle teach?
logic, rhetoric, poetry, ethics, biology, physics, astronomy, political theory economics, anatomy, metaphysical theory
Aristotle was the most famous alumni of whose school?
What book did Aristotle name after his son?
What is the name of Aristotle's most famous pupil?
Alexander the Great
What did Alexander the Great get from his mentor Aristotle?
a passion for unity
What was the name and nickname of Aristotle's school?
the Lyceum, "the peripatetic school"
What happened to Aristotle toward the end of his life?
He was charged with impiety and forced to flee. One year later, he died of natural causes
What word is used to describe Aristotle's view of Logic?
What is the difference between an argument and a statement?
Arguments are valid or invalid. Statements may be true or false.
The chief principle of logic is what?
law of non-contradiction
In the Greek language what two ideas are connected in the term Aletheia?
truth and reality
What concept did Aristotle develop that is vital to the understanding of language and knowledge?
What two ideas are associated with classification?
similarities and differences
What are Aristotle's nine categories?
quantity, quality, relations, place, date, posture, possession, action, passivity
What is the difference between the substance and accidens of a thing?
Substance is hte essential nature of things while its accidens are its external, perceivable qualities
In what way did Aristotle break with his teacher Plato?
He did not think there was an ideal realm where forms exist independently. Only combined as form and matter
Explain Aristotle's notion of "entelechy."
It is the form of things. It determines what things become.
What are Aristotle's four causes that produce change in things?
Formal, determines what a thing is
Material, that out of which a thing's made
Efficient, that by which a thing's made
Final, that for which a thing's made
What was Aristotle's answer to the problem of infinite regress?
actuality must precedce potentiality, the concept of unmoved mover
use of logic or reasoning in order to persuade; can you logically persuade someone of something
capitalizing on one's reputation of being capable and virtuous; convincing the audience you have their best interests at heart; likeability factor
playing upon the emotions of the audience
three divisions of oratory
the ceremonial oratory of display
speeches by politicians; what needs to be done (future)
speeches by lawyers; has a crime taken place (past)
speeches by preachers, advocates, and during ceremonies (present)