Acid Base Balance

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Author:
cswett
ID:
115312
Filename:
Acid Base Balance
Updated:
2011-11-12 22:00:29
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Acid Base Balance
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Description:
Acid Base Balance
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  1. ABG's - Chart
    • pH PaCO2 HCO3
    • Respiratory Acidosis LOW HIGH NORM
    • Respiratory Alkalosis HIGH LOW NORM
    • Metabolic Acidosis LOW NORM LOW
    • Metabolic Alkalosis HIGH NORM HIGH
  2. Electrolytes
    • Sodium- most abundant cation in ECF
    • •135-145 mEq/L

    • Potassium - most abundant cation in ICF
    • 3.5-5 mEq/L

    • Calcium- Stored in bone mostly
    • •8.5- 10.5 mg/dL
  3. Normal ABG values
    pH (blood) 7.35 - 7.45

    PaCO2 (pp of CO2) 35 - 45 mm Hg

    HCO3- bicarbonate - 22 - 26 mEq/L

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