medical terminology 3
Card Set Information
medical terminology 3
Medical terminology 3
What is the normal pH of arterial blood? Venous blood?
Arterial = 7.4
Venous = 7.35
What is the pH of Acidosis? Alkalosis?
Acidosis is below 7.35
Alkalosis = 7.45
Why might someone crave salty or sour food? When is that common?
Severe electrolyte deficienies; common in Addison's disease
Cardodynia = heart pain
: Inflammation around the uterus
: Inflammation of the ovary
Contractions of this muscle propel the fetus through the birth canal.
What is the first bowel movement of a newborn called?
Incision into the abdomen
What is the group of structures that make up the female external genitalia called?
Embryo = (?) weeks
Fetus = (?) weeks
Premature delivery = (?) weeks
Embryo = up to 8 weeks
Fetus = 9 weeks
Premature = 38 weeks
What is the normal heartrate of a fetus?
Salphingectomy = surgical removal of the fallopian tubes
What hormone stimulates milk production?
What is the inner layer of the uterus that is shed each month?
Dystocia = Difficult labor or childbirth
: painful menstrual flow
: abnormal or rapid menstrual flow
mastaglia = breast pain
: milk discharge
: male disease
: Liver tumor
: Inflammation of the liver
Swallow or Eat
: unable to swallow or eat
Back of the body
Small, solid mass under the skin less than .5cm
Fluid filled sacs under the skin
Is the mitral valve on the right or the left?
Which heart valve is also called the bicuspid valve? Is it on the right or the left?
Mitral valve - Left
Removal of a fatty substance
Hives: small round spots with sever itching - commonly from an allergic reaction
What is another name for hives and what is a common cause of it?
Wheals, commonly caused by allergies
Firm, solid mass of cells under the skin larger than .5cm
If someone is lying face up, what position are they in?
Instrument to measure pressure
Pyodermatitis = skin infection producing pus
Thickening, hardening and loss of elasticity of the walls of the artery. Most often due to artherosclerosis.
Ungual (ung-wal); pertaining to the nails
Flat, discolored area flush with the skin; a freckle or birthmark
What is a flat, discolored area flush with the skin called? Such as a freckle or birthmark
What is the normal beats per minute for adults?
What cavity are the lungs in?
: bluish color to the skin caused by lack of oxygen
: hardening of an artery
Surgical puncture of a joint (as for the withdrawal of fluid)
Atherosclerosis vs. Arteriosclerosis
Atherosclerosis is the cause of Arteriosclerosis, which is any type of hardening of the arterial walls. Atherosclerosis is caused by the buidup of plaque within the arteries
Process of visually examining
: process of visually examining the stomach
a picture of record
Electrocardiogram; record of the heart's electricity
: around the heart
: across the urethra
Without, away from
: without speech
: above the pubic bone
Raised spot on the skin containing pus
What is excessive sweating called?
What is the pacemaker of the heart?
Most common form of yellowish plaques of cholesterol on the inner walls of arteries
: against life
What does too much or too little potassium do?
Causes electrical signals in the heart and causes death
: having a large head
: a skin condition with an overgrowth and thickening of the epidermis
: under the tongue
: muscle disease
: woman with no pregnancies
: cancerous tumor
Describe an Aneurysm
Weakness in the wall of an artery resulting in localized widening of the artery. Common in the abdominal aorta and cerebral arteries
Atrial flutter occurs when an abnormal conduction circuit developes in the right atrium causing the atria to beat 250-300 bmp.
: slow heartbeat
: study of urininary tract
: cancerous tumor
What is excessive thirst called?
What does insulin do?
Decreases blood glucose levels
Where is the thyroid gland?
In the neck
Where is the thymus gland?
Anterior to the heart
: Spinal Tap
Inserted between L4 & L5 into the spinal canal
Mass of blood
: dilated bronchi
Surgically create an opening
: surgically creating an opening for the colon through the abdominal wall
: puncture to withdraw fluid from a joint
: to cut out
: abnormal condition of nail fungus
What is the P wave?
An area of tissue within an organ that undergoes necrosis due to insufficient blood supply
: a disease of the skin characterized by dryness and roughness
Inflammation of the lining membranes of the heart. May be caused by bacteria or an abnormal immune response
What is the sudden drop in blood pressure a person experiences when standing up suddenly?
What is the T-wave?
What are pounding, racing heartbeats called?
What is Angina Pectoris, what is caused by, what is a common treatment for it?
Condition in which there is a severe pain with a sensation of constriction around the heart. Caused by deficiency of oxygen to the heart muscle. Relieved by nitroblycerin (sublingual)
: an abnormal condition that allows urine to flow from the bladder back into a ureter
Is the tricuspid valve on the right of left?
Congenital Septal Defect (CSD, ASD, VSD)
A hole, present at birth, in the septum; results in a mixture of oxygenated an deoxygenated blood, this can be ASD OR VSD.