Old Testament Test 2
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. What would you like to do?
Worked hard for Egypt
God remembered Israel because of the Abrahamic Covenant
Name of God is I AM, same as for Abraham
Moses says that he cannot speak well, and God angrily offers him Aaron
Pharoh asks, "Who is the Lord?"
God will buy Israel from Egypt, and they will serve Him
Pharoh hardened his heart
Rules for the Passover
Israel, including women and cattle, traveled from Egypt
Prophet that led Israel out of Egypt
Wife of Moses and daughter of Jethro
- Shiphrah and Puah
- saved Hebrew children alive
Father-in-law to Moses, gave him the Melchezideke Priesthood
- Eldest son of Moses
- Circumsised by Zipporah
- Brother of Moses
- High Priest
- King of Egypt
- Ramses wouldn't let Israel go
Found and raised Moses like her son
Know the events surrounding Israel's bondage in Egypt and Moses' life and relationship to Israel and Egypt.
- Israel came with Joseph
- New king arose
- Wanted to suppres Israel
- Moses born an Israelite, raised and Egyptian
- Ran away at 40
- Lived in Midian until 80
- Freed Israel from Egypt
- Led Israel until 120
How is the condition of Israel in Egypt a fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant?
Great posterity, multiplying rapidly
How is the Abrahamic Covenant threatened by the events in Egypt?
- Israel didn't own the Promised Land
- Their posterity was being killed
- Their religion was being over run
What is the meaning of abodah
- Jehovah became the new master of Israel
- Their work becomes His worship
How was Moses saved as a baby?
But in a reed basket by his mother, found by the pharaoh's daughter and raised as her son
Why did Moses flee from Egypt?
He killed an Egyption and some people saw him
Why did Moses return to Egypt?
To free Israel at the command of God
What caused things to go wrong for Isreal in Egypt?
Ramses cast out the Hyksos and became Pharaoh
Moses' job as prophet
- Be a mediator between God and the world
- Be a mediator betwwwen God and the saints
- Deliver Israel from bondage
- Help Israel prepare to enter the Promised Land
Moses' objections to his call
- Who am I?
- They will not believe
- Not eloquent enough
- Send someone else
Role of prophets
- Teach of Christ
- Call to repentance
- Tell the future
How does the account of Moses' call compare with that of Enoch?
- Both were reluctent to go
- Both blamed eloquency
What is the LORD's name as given to Moses and what does it mean?
- To exist, to be
- Refers to His unchanging being
Connection between I AM and Jehovah
They come from the same Hebrew word, and both refer to God as an unchanging being
What are the signs given to Moses?
- Name of God
- The plagues he was able to use
- Leprous hand
- Aaron was called as his spokesman
Meaning of the signs:
Name of God
Calling of Aaron
- Name of God: sign of proof that it was the same God as their fathers
- Plagues: Jehovah is stronger than Egyption gods
- Rod: Sign of God's giving of His power to Moses
- Leprous Hand: God can destroy and heal
- Calling of Aaron: God will support His servents
What was the function of the plagues?
To show that Jehovah is stronger than the Egyptian gods
For whom were the plagues preformed?
- Israel: To prove God would fight for them
- Egypt: To convince them to let Egypt go
Did the plagues work?
Kind of. They helped Israel, and temporarily convinced the Pharaoh to let them go
What was the last plague?
Killing of the first born
What is the relationship between signs and faith?
We must first have faith, which is then confirmed by signs
Sybolism of Passover
- Lamb: Jesus Christ
- Blood: Atonement, life
- Unleavened bread: Pure doctrine, the Gospel
- Bitter Herbs: The pain Israel suffered in Egypt
- Haste: Be ready to flee the world
- Teach to children: Make sure that the blessings of hte Loard are never forgotten
The Lord guided Israel as a piller of fire and smoke
- Song of the Sea
- God is a warrior
Miriam danced and sang
Israel desired meat, so God sent quails
Moses held out his hands and Israel prevailed against Amalek
Jethro advises Moses to get help. He calls the 70.
- God invites Israel to become 3 things:
- Peculiar treasure
- Kingdom of priests
- An holy nation
Supported the hands of Moses during the fight with Amalek
Arab tribe that faught with Israel and God commanded to kill all Amalekites
Travels of Israel
Goshen > Mount Sinai > Kadesh Barnea
Significance of the Red Sea event for Israel
- Most important event in Old Testament
- Represents God's power to intervene in our lives
What did Israel do to deliver themselves at the Red Sea?
What does Israel's actions at the Red Sea represent?
The Atonement because we do nothing to save ourselves.
What is the Song of the Sea?
- Exodus 15
- Story of the Red Sea in poetic form
How is God portrayed as intervening at the Red Sea in poetic imagery?
Viewed as a warrior
What is the relationship between Exodus 14 and 15
It is the same story, one told factually and the other poetically
Symbolism of the Wilderness
- Water: Led to spots
- Bread: Manna, grace of God
- Meat: Quail
- Red Sea: Protection
What are we to learn from the murmuring in the wilderness?
- It is our nature to murmur
- Even if we have everything, we will find things to complain about
Sins of the Amalekites
- Killed the weak
- Feared not God
What does the Lord command Israel to do about the Amalekites, and for how long?
Blot out his remembrance (kill them) forever.
What is Jethro's advice?
Get help to devide the work. Called the 70 elders.
Why doesn't Israel go up on the mountain?
What three things does the Lord invite Israel to become?
- Peculiar treasure
- Kingdom of priests
- An holy nation
What is the meaning of the term "treasure"
- Precious to the Lord
- He will protect, clean, and look for them
Restitution of stolen or destroyed property
Don't oppress stranges, widows, or orphans
Oath Ceremony of the Law
Moses and 70 elders see God
Eldest son of Aaron. He was struck dead for offering strange fire.
Son of Aaron. Struck dead for offering strange fire.
Seventy Elders of Israel
6 taken from each tribe to help lead and support the people of Israel. See God.
7 elements of a biblical covenant
- Preamble: winners define covenant
- Historical Prologue: tells the history of the two parties
- Stipulations: rules and commandments
- Deposit and Reading: to remind parties of the covenant
- Witnesses: various things used, even nature
- Blessings and Curses: told good things if obey, bad things if disobey
- Oath Ceromony: person agrees to live by the covenant
Discussion of 10 Commandments
- 1 & 2: Make Israel very unique
- 3: Don't break oaths
- 5: Very important, came with death penelty
- 6: Means don't kill mankind
- 7: Breaking of a covenant
- 10: At the heart of many sins
Difference between apodictic and causistic law
- Apodictic: strict, clear cut rules "thou shalt..."
- Causistic: if...then, focuses on specific cases
Law of Moses principles:
oppressing the weak
- Servents released after 7 years
- Murder requires death penelty
- Stealing requires repayment plus
- We must care for others
- Don't charge usury
Describe the covenant oath ceremony in Exodus 24
- Moses wrote and read the covenant
- They built pillars (witnesses?)
- Sprinkled blood on Israel and on the alther
When and how will the Old Covenant be fulfilled?
Completed by Jesus when he shed His blood to seal the New Testament.
God will meet with the High Priest at the Mercy Seat
High Priest figuratively carries Israel upon his shoulders and before his heart before God
Moses sees God face to face
God reveals lower law
Israel was guided by God
Cheif artisan of the Tabernacle
The basic setup of the Tabernacle
Function and symbolism of Tabernacle
- Laver: Cleansing, baptism
- Holy Place: Terrestrial Kingdom
- Courtyard: Telestial Kingdom
- Lamps: Light, spirit
- Showbread: A meal with God
- Incense: Prayer
- Holy of Holies: Celestial Kingdom
- Blood: Sanctification
- Spirit: Justification
Basic clothing fo the high priest
- White turban, belt, pants and tunic
- Head band with Holiness to the LORD on it: Belongs to God
- Breast plate: To carry Israel before his heart
- Blue Tunic with pommegranites and bells: vitality and life, preaching the gospel
- Shoulder pads: Carries Israel on his shoulders
Sequence of events leading to lower law
- Golden Calf
- Moses breaks the Higer Law
- Moses intercedes for Israel
- New tablets are made with the Lower Law
- Israel agrees to follow
What was missing and what was included in the lower law vs the higher law
The lower law did not have the Melchezidek Priesthood, but it did have carnal commandments
Describes that all parts of man will become clean through the sacrifices in this book
All offerings will have salt
Washing and Anointing of Aaron and his sons
Pouring of oil on Aaron's head
Blood put upon right ear, thumb and toe
Blood sprinkled on Aaron and his sons and their clothes
Aaron and his sons obeyed the Lord
Aaron blesses Israel and the Lord accepts his sacrifice with a pillar of fire
Nadab and Abihu are struck down for offering strange fire before the Lord
There is a difference between holy and unholy and clean and unclean
Rules of which animals are clean
How to become clean after childbirth
Lepers are unclean
Day of Atonement
Definition of Holy: Like God
Leave the corners of your field for the poor
Treat others with fairness
Specifics about many small parts of the Law
eye for an eye
Laws of sabbatical, jubilee and ususry
Blessing and curses available
Given to God in place of firstborn. They worked in ministering in the sanctuary.
Eleazar and Ithamar
Sons of Aaron who assisted him after the death of Nadab and Abihu
What parts of the Law of Moses were fulfilled?
What parts of the Law of Moses are still practiced?
What does it mean "to be holy"?
- to be like God
- to be seperate
What aspects of life does holiness entail?
5 basic sacrifices
- 1. Burnt offerings: sin
- 2. Meal offerings: thanksgiving
- 3. Peace offerings: fellowship (communal meal)
- 4. Sin offerings: ritual purity
- 5. Trespass offerings: sin
What is the Law of Sacrifice?
Willingly giving something precious to God
How do we obey the Law of Sacrifice in our day?
Giving our agency: a broken heart and a contrite spirit
Ritual of clothing, washing and anointing priests
- 1. Washing with water
- 2. Clothing
- 3. Anointing with oil: Spirit
- 4. Anointing with blood: Justification
- 5. Consecration: filling the hand
- 6. Ordination: laying on of hands
What is the meaning of clean and unclean (foods)?
What you are allowed to eat or not
What are the basic rules for clean and unclean animals?
- Land: Devide the hoof and chew the cud
- Sea: fins and scales
- Air: no Birds of Prey
- Insects: Grasshoppers and locusts
What lessons were taught to antient Israel through the dietary restrictions?
- 1. Holy
- 2. Identity/Seperate from rest of world
- 3. Something they could pass on to their children
What are the general principals governing leprosy?
Most goes away after a bit, but it makes you unclean.
What is the symbolic ritual for cleansing a leper?
- Take two birds
- Kill one, and give the blood to the leper
- Release the other one
Basic ritual and symbolism of the Day of Atonement
The High Priest enters the Holy of Holies, with Israel on his shoulders. He takes the blood of one of the goats and sprinkles it on the Mercy Seat, symbolic of the cleansing of their sins. The other goat is made a scapegoat, and sent into the wilderness.
Basics of Sabbath
- In remembrance of the creation and the exodus
- Punishable by death
Basics of sabbatical year
- the land rests
- forgive all depts
- slaves are released
Basics of Jubilee year
- Every 50 years
- Bondmen are set free
- Land is returned to original owners
Basics of Yom Kippur
- Day of Atonement
- Preceeded by 9 days of repentance
Basics of the Passover (festival)
- Spring planting
- Christ was Pascal lamb
- Now celebrated with Easter
Basics of Pentecost
- First fruits
- Giving of the Law
- Fulfilled with the giving of the Spirit on the day of Pentecost
Basics of Feast of Tabernacles
- Also called Feast of Booths
- Fall harvest
- Fulfilled when all come to Jerusalem and make tabernacles
"theology of the land"
The land is God's, and He lets us live there. This means we can't buy or sell the land.
Blessing and Curses attached to the Law of Moses
Blessing of the Priests on Israel
Moses complains about work load, saying that Israel isn't his child, it is God's
All who have the Spirit can prophisy
Aaron and Miriam rebel, but are shown by the Lord that Moses is his servent.
Israel murmurs and says they want to return to Egypt
One of the 12 spies sent to see the Promised Land. He and Joshua were the only ones to bring a favorable report back. They were the only ones of the original group to eventually enter.
Know stories from Numbers
- 12-Miriam and Aaron rebel
- 14- +40 years for not believing God
Korah, Dathan and Abiram rebel against Moses, but the Lord kills them and their followers.
Moses disobeys God by striking the rock to bring forth water, and by claiming that he was somehow responsible for the miracle.
Balaam's ass sees the angel of the Lord and turns away, but Balaam is angry. The ass asks why.
Balaam's prophicey of Jesus Christ
Korah, Dathan, and Abiram
Rebels who wanted all to be priests
King of Moab. Convinces, in the end, Balaam to disobey.
Prophet of Jehovah, tempted again and againg by Balak to curse Israel. Eventually gave in.
Kills Moadite and Israelite to stop a plague
daughters of Zelophehad
Requested of Moses their fathers land after his death. The Lord agreed.
What is the meaning of the story of Dathan, Abiram and Korah?
God chooses His servent and makes it known, not the other way.
What is the significance of Aaron's rod.
It gives the same message as killing Dathan did, but is much more gentle.
What is the reason given that Moses can't enter the Promised Land?
- 1. Command to speak to the rock, but struck it.
- 2. Tried to take some of the credit.
What is the meaning about the story about the serpent on the pole?
- 1. Lifted up (crucifiction, ressurection, assention)
- 2. Look (accept the Atonement)
- 3. Easy (Seems too simple)
Story of Balaam
- Balak, King of Moab, is scared of Israel
- Balaam at first can't go, then is told he can as long as he says exactly what God tells him to say.
- Donkey sees the angel and talks
- Balaam blesses Israel
- Turns out Balaam suggests turning God against Israel by having them break the Law.
- The Party of Ba'al-Peor many commit sin
- Phinehas kills couple to stop plague
Who is designated to replace Moses?
Joshua, set apart by Moses himself
What is contained in the Book of Deuteronomy?
- Recap of the last 4 books
- All 7 steps in the covenant making process
What happens to Moses at the end of his life, and how do we know this?
- He is translated
- Alma 45:19
What are three things the Lord did for Israel in the wilderness?
How is the commandment of the Sabbath different in Deuteronomy than in Exodus?
Remember creation vs. Remember exodus
Spiritual concepts presented in Deuteronomy 6-8
- 1. Belief in monotheism
- 2. Remember
- 3. Obedience
What is meant by "remembering"?
Teaching our children about God
How was remembering done in ancient times?
How is remembering done now?
Sacrament, pictures, CTR rings, etc.
What is the main commandment in Deuteronomy 12?
Build a temple
How does building a permanent temple change Israel?
Had to go to Jerusalem often to do sacrifice.
Why was Lehi able to offer a sacrifice in the wilderness?
Had Mel. Priesthood, going to a new promised land, and he had gove 3 days away.
How are true prophets discerned from false?
If their prophicies come true or not.
How is Christ like Moses?
- 1. Savior
- 2. Provided bread
- 3. Provided water
- 4. Performed miracles
- 5. Was the law giver
How does Deuteronomy incorperate the 7 elements of covenant making?
- 1. Preamble: from God
- 2. History: exodus story retold
- 3. Stipulations: the Law of Moses
- 4. Blessing and Curses: Israel would be scattered, but they would also come back together
- 5. Deposit and Read: Every 7 years the Law was read and agreed to
- 6. Witnesses: Heavens and Earth
- 7. Covenant Oath Ceremony: Swore to enter at Mt Nebo. Believed that every Jew that ever had been, was, or were to be was present at that moment.
What would you like to do?
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