Old Testament Test 2

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Old Testament Test 2
2011-11-08 08:00:26
old testament byu 301 test seeley

Review for Test 2 in RELA 301
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  1. Exodus 1:13-14
    Worked hard for Egypt
  2. Exodus 2:23-25
    God remembered Israel because of the Abrahamic Covenant
  3. Exodus 3:14-15
    Name of God is I AM, same as for Abraham
  4. Exodus 4:10-14
    Moses says that he cannot speak well, and God angrily offers him Aaron
  5. Exodus 5:2
    Pharoh asks, "Who is the Lord?"
  6. Exodus 6:6-7
    God will buy Israel from Egypt, and they will serve Him
  7. Exodus 7:13
    Pharoh hardened his heart
  8. Exodus 12:1-27
    Rules for the Passover
  9. Exodus 12:37-38
    Israel, including women and cattle, traveled from Egypt
  10. Moses
    Prophet that led Israel out of Egypt
  11. Zipporah
    Wife of Moses and daughter of Jethro
  12. Miriam
    Sister of Moses
  13. midwives
    • Shiphrah and Puah
    • saved Hebrew children alive
  14. Reuel/Jethro
    Father-in-law to Moses, gave him the Melchezideke Priesthood
  15. Gershom
    • Eldest son of Moses
    • Circumsised by Zipporah
  16. Aaron
    • Brother of Moses
    • High Priest
  17. Pharaoh
    • King of Egypt
    • Ramses wouldn't let Israel go
  18. Pharaoh's daughter
    Found and raised Moses like her son
  19. Know the events surrounding Israel's bondage in Egypt and Moses' life and relationship to Israel and Egypt.
    • Israel came with Joseph
    • New king arose
    • Wanted to suppres Israel
    • Moses born an Israelite, raised and Egyptian
    • Ran away at 40
    • Lived in Midian until 80
    • Freed Israel from Egypt
    • Led Israel until 120
  20. How is the condition of Israel in Egypt a fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant?
    Great posterity, multiplying rapidly
  21. How is the Abrahamic Covenant threatened by the events in Egypt?
    • Israel didn't own the Promised Land
    • Their posterity was being killed
    • Their religion was being over run
  22. What is the meaning of abodah
    • Master
    • Jehovah became the new master of Israel
    • Their work becomes His worship
  23. How was Moses saved as a baby?
    But in a reed basket by his mother, found by the pharaoh's daughter and raised as her son
  24. Why did Moses flee from Egypt?
    He killed an Egyption and some people saw him
  25. Why did Moses return to Egypt?
    To free Israel at the command of God
  26. What caused things to go wrong for Isreal in Egypt?
    Ramses cast out the Hyksos and became Pharaoh
  27. Moses' job as prophet
    • Be a mediator between God and the world
    • Be a mediator betwwwen God and the saints
    • Deliver Israel from bondage
    • Help Israel prepare to enter the Promised Land
  28. Moses' objections to his call
    • Who am I?
    • They will not believe
    • Not eloquent enough
    • Send someone else
  29. Role of prophets
    • Teach of Christ
    • Call to repentance
    • Tell the future
  30. How does the account of Moses' call compare with that of Enoch?
    • Both were reluctent to go
    • Both blamed eloquency
  31. What is the LORD's name as given to Moses and what does it mean?
    • Jehovah
    • To exist, to be
    • Refers to His unchanging being
  32. Connection between I AM and Jehovah
    They come from the same Hebrew word, and both refer to God as an unchanging being
  33. What are the signs given to Moses?
    • Name of God
    • The plagues he was able to use
    • Rod
    • Leprous hand
    • Aaron was called as his spokesman
  34. Meaning of the signs:
    Name of God
    Leprous hand
    Calling of Aaron
    • Name of God: sign of proof that it was the same God as their fathers
    • Plagues: Jehovah is stronger than Egyption gods
    • Rod: Sign of God's giving of His power to Moses
    • Leprous Hand: God can destroy and heal
    • Calling of Aaron: God will support His servents
  35. What was the function of the plagues?
    To show that Jehovah is stronger than the Egyptian gods
  36. For whom were the plagues preformed?
    • Israel: To prove God would fight for them
    • Egypt: To convince them to let Egypt go
  37. Did the plagues work?
    Kind of. They helped Israel, and temporarily convinced the Pharaoh to let them go
  38. What was the last plague?
    Killing of the first born
  39. What is the relationship between signs and faith?
    We must first have faith, which is then confirmed by signs
  40. Sybolism of Passover
    • Lamb: Jesus Christ
    • Blood: Atonement, life
    • Unleavened bread: Pure doctrine, the Gospel
    • Bitter Herbs: The pain Israel suffered in Egypt
    • Haste: Be ready to flee the world
    • Teach to children: Make sure that the blessings of hte Loard are never forgotten
  41. Exodus 13:21-22
    The Lord guided Israel as a piller of fire and smoke
  42. Exodus 15:2-6
    • Song of the Sea
    • God is a warrior
  43. Exodus 15:20-21
    Miriam danced and sang
  44. Exodus 16: 4
    Gave Manna
  45. Exodus 16:12
    Israel desired meat, so God sent quails
  46. Exodus 17:9-14
    Moses held out his hands and Israel prevailed against Amalek
  47. Exodus 18:17-23
    Jethro advises Moses to get help. He calls the 70.
  48. Exodus 19:5-6
    • God invites Israel to become 3 things:
    • Peculiar treasure
    • Kingdom of priests
    • An holy nation
  49. Joshua
    • Son of Nun
    • Replaced Moses
  50. Hur
    Supported the hands of Moses during the fight with Amalek
  51. Amalek
    Arab tribe that faught with Israel and God commanded to kill all Amalekites
  52. Travels of Israel
    Goshen > Mount Sinai > Kadesh Barnea
  53. Significance of the Red Sea event for Israel
    • Most important event in Old Testament
    • Represents God's power to intervene in our lives
  54. What did Israel do to deliver themselves at the Red Sea?
  55. What does Israel's actions at the Red Sea represent?
    The Atonement because we do nothing to save ourselves.
  56. What is the Song of the Sea?
    • Exodus 15
    • Story of the Red Sea in poetic form
  57. How is God portrayed as intervening at the Red Sea in poetic imagery?
    Viewed as a warrior
  58. What is the relationship between Exodus 14 and 15
    It is the same story, one told factually and the other poetically
  59. Symbolism of the Wilderness
    • Water: Led to spots
    • Bread: Manna, grace of God
    • Meat: Quail
    • Red Sea: Protection
  60. What are we to learn from the murmuring in the wilderness?
    • It is our nature to murmur
    • Even if we have everything, we will find things to complain about
  61. Sins of the Amalekites
    • Killed the weak
    • Feared not God
  62. What does the Lord command Israel to do about the Amalekites, and for how long?
    Blot out his remembrance (kill them) forever.
  63. What is Jethro's advice?
    Get help to devide the work. Called the 70 elders.
  64. Why doesn't Israel go up on the mountain?
  65. What three things does the Lord invite Israel to become?
    • Peculiar treasure
    • Kingdom of priests
    • An holy nation
  66. What is the meaning of the term "treasure"
    • Precious to the Lord
    • He will protect, clean, and look for them
  67. Exodus 20
    10 Commandments
  68. Exodus 22:5,9
    Restitution of stolen or destroyed property
  69. Exodus 22:21-24
    Don't oppress stranges, widows, or orphans
  70. Exodus 24:3-8
    Oath Ceremony of the Law
  71. Exodus 24:9-11
    Moses and 70 elders see God
  72. Nadab
    Eldest son of Aaron. He was struck dead for offering strange fire.
  73. Abihu
    Son of Aaron. Struck dead for offering strange fire.
  74. Seventy Elders of Israel
    6 taken from each tribe to help lead and support the people of Israel. See God.
  75. 7 elements of a biblical covenant
    • Preamble: winners define covenant
    • Historical Prologue: tells the history of the two parties
    • Stipulations: rules and commandments
    • Deposit and Reading: to remind parties of the covenant
    • Witnesses: various things used, even nature
    • Blessings and Curses: told good things if obey, bad things if disobey
    • Oath Ceromony: person agrees to live by the covenant
  76. Discussion of 10 Commandments
    • 1 & 2: Make Israel very unique
    • 3: Don't break oaths
    • 5: Very important, came with death penelty
    • 6: Means don't kill mankind
    • 7: Breaking of a covenant
    • 10: At the heart of many sins
  77. Difference between apodictic and causistic law
    • Apodictic: strict, clear cut rules "thou shalt..."
    • Causistic: if...then, focuses on specific cases
  78. Law of Moses principles:
    oppressing the weak
    lending money
    • Servents released after 7 years
    • Murder requires death penelty
    • Stealing requires repayment plus
    • We must care for others
    • Don't charge usury
  79. Describe the covenant oath ceremony in Exodus 24
    • Moses wrote and read the covenant
    • They built pillars (witnesses?)
    • Sprinkled blood on Israel and on the alther
  80. When and how will the Old Covenant be fulfilled?
    Completed by Jesus when he shed His blood to seal the New Testament.
  81. Exodus 25:21-22
    God will meet with the High Priest at the Mercy Seat
  82. Exodus 28:29-30
    High Priest figuratively carries Israel upon his shoulders and before his heart before God
  83. Exodus 32
    Golden Calf
  84. Exodus 33
    Moses sees God face to face
  85. Exodus 34
    God reveals lower law
  86. Exodus 40:34-38
    Israel was guided by God
  87. Bezaleel
    Cheif artisan of the Tabernacle
  88. The basic setup of the Tabernacle
  89. Function and symbolism of Tabernacle
    • Laver: Cleansing, baptism
    • Holy Place: Terrestrial Kingdom
    • Courtyard: Telestial Kingdom
    • Lamps: Light, spirit
    • Showbread: A meal with God
    • Incense: Prayer
    • Holy of Holies: Celestial Kingdom
    • Water:Obedience
    • Blood: Sanctification
    • Spirit: Justification
  90. Basic clothing fo the high priest
    • White turban, belt, pants and tunic
    • Head band with Holiness to the LORD on it: Belongs to God
    • Breast plate: To carry Israel before his heart
    • Blue Tunic with pommegranites and bells: vitality and life, preaching the gospel
    • Shoulder pads: Carries Israel on his shoulders
  91. Sequence of events leading to lower law
    • Golden Calf
    • Moses breaks the Higer Law
    • Moses intercedes for Israel
    • New tablets are made with the Lower Law
    • Israel agrees to follow
  92. What was missing and what was included in the lower law vs the higher law
    The lower law did not have the Melchezidek Priesthood, but it did have carnal commandments
  93. Leviticus 1:1-9
    Describes that all parts of man will become clean through the sacrifices in this book
  94. Leviticus 2:13
    All offerings will have salt
  95. Leviticus 8:1-13
    Washing and Anointing of Aaron and his sons
  96. Leviticus 8:12
    Pouring of oil on Aaron's head
  97. Leviticus 8:23
    Blood put upon right ear, thumb and toe
  98. Leviticus 8:30
    Blood sprinkled on Aaron and his sons and their clothes
  99. Leviticus 8:36
    Aaron and his sons obeyed the Lord
  100. Leviticus 9:22-24
    Aaron blesses Israel and the Lord accepts his sacrifice with a pillar of fire
  101. Leviticus 10:1-2
    Nadab and Abihu are struck down for offering strange fire before the Lord
  102. Leviticus 10:10
    There is a difference between holy and unholy and clean and unclean
  103. Leviticus 11
    Rules of which animals are clean
  104. Leviticus 12
    How to become clean after childbirth
  105. Leviticus 13:44-46
    Lepers are unclean
  106. Leviticus 16:29-30
    Day of Atonement
  107. Leviticus 19:2
    Definition of Holy: Like God
  108. Leviticus 19:4
    No idols
  109. Leviticus 19:9-10
    Leave the corners of your field for the poor
  110. Leviticus 19:11-19
    Treat others with fairness
  111. Leviticus 19:26-37
    Specifics about many small parts of the Law
  112. Leviticus 23
  113. Leviticus 24:13-23
    eye for an eye
  114. Leviticus 25
    Laws of sabbatical, jubilee and ususry
  115. Leviticus 26
    Blessing and curses available
  116. Levites
    Given to God in place of firstborn. They worked in ministering in the sanctuary.
  117. Eleazar and Ithamar
    Sons of Aaron who assisted him after the death of Nadab and Abihu
  118. What parts of the Law of Moses were fulfilled?
    • Sacrifice
    • Clean/Unclean
    • Circumcission
  119. What parts of the Law of Moses are still practiced?
    • Priests
    • Marriege
    • Vows
    • Sabath
  120. What does it mean "to be holy"?
    • to be like God
    • to be seperate
  121. What aspects of life does holiness entail?
    All parts
  122. 5 basic sacrifices
    • 1. Burnt offerings: sin
    • 2. Meal offerings: thanksgiving
    • 3. Peace offerings: fellowship (communal meal)
    • 4. Sin offerings: ritual purity
    • 5. Trespass offerings: sin
  123. What is the Law of Sacrifice?
    Willingly giving something precious to God
  124. How do we obey the Law of Sacrifice in our day?
    Giving our agency: a broken heart and a contrite spirit
  125. Ritual of clothing, washing and anointing priests
    • 1. Washing with water
    • 2. Clothing
    • 3. Anointing with oil: Spirit
    • 4. Anointing with blood: Justification
    • 5. Consecration: filling the hand
    • 6. Ordination: laying on of hands
  126. What is the meaning of clean and unclean (foods)?
    What you are allowed to eat or not
  127. What are the basic rules for clean and unclean animals?
    • Land: Devide the hoof and chew the cud
    • Sea: fins and scales
    • Air: no Birds of Prey
    • Insects: Grasshoppers and locusts
  128. What lessons were taught to antient Israel through the dietary restrictions?
    • 1. Holy
    • 2. Identity/Seperate from rest of world
    • 3. Something they could pass on to their children
  129. What are the general principals governing leprosy?
    Most goes away after a bit, but it makes you unclean.
  130. What is the symbolic ritual for cleansing a leper?
    • Take two birds
    • Kill one, and give the blood to the leper
    • Release the other one
  131. Basic ritual and symbolism of the Day of Atonement
    The High Priest enters the Holy of Holies, with Israel on his shoulders. He takes the blood of one of the goats and sprinkles it on the Mercy Seat, symbolic of the cleansing of their sins. The other goat is made a scapegoat, and sent into the wilderness.
  132. Basics of Sabbath
    • In remembrance of the creation and the exodus
    • Punishable by death
  133. Basics of sabbatical year
    • the land rests
    • forgive all depts
    • slaves are released
  134. Basics of Jubilee year
    • Every 50 years
    • Bondmen are set free
    • Land is returned to original owners
  135. Basics of Yom Kippur
    • Day of Atonement
    • Preceeded by 9 days of repentance
  136. Basics of the Passover (festival)
    • Spring planting
    • Exodus
    • Christ was Pascal lamb
    • Now celebrated with Easter
  137. Basics of Pentecost
    • First fruits
    • Giving of the Law
    • Fulfilled with the giving of the Spirit on the day of Pentecost
  138. Basics of Feast of Tabernacles
    • Also called Feast of Booths
    • Fall harvest
    • Wilderness
    • Fulfilled when all come to Jerusalem and make tabernacles
  139. "theology of the land"
    The land is God's, and He lets us live there. This means we can't buy or sell the land.
  140. Blessing and Curses attached to the Law of Moses
    • Prosperity
    • Pestilance
    • Protection
  141. Numbers 6:24-27
    Blessing of the Priests on Israel
  142. Numbers 11:11-15
    Moses complains about work load, saying that Israel isn't his child, it is God's
  143. Numbers 11:27-29
    All who have the Spirit can prophisy
  144. Numbers 12
    Aaron and Miriam rebel, but are shown by the Lord that Moses is his servent.
  145. Numbers 14:4
    Israel murmurs and says they want to return to Egypt
  146. Caleb
    One of the 12 spies sent to see the Promised Land. He and Joshua were the only ones to bring a favorable report back. They were the only ones of the original group to eventually enter.
  147. Know stories from Numbers
    • 11-Quail
    • 12-Miriam and Aaron rebel
    • 14- +40 years for not believing God
  148. Numbers 16:3
    Korah, Dathan and Abiram rebel against Moses, but the Lord kills them and their followers.
  149. Numbers 20:10
    Moses disobeys God by striking the rock to bring forth water, and by claiming that he was somehow responsible for the miracle.
  150. Numbers 22:27-30
    Balaam's ass sees the angel of the Lord and turns away, but Balaam is angry. The ass asks why.
  151. Numbers 24:17
    Balaam's prophicey of Jesus Christ
  152. Korah, Dathan, and Abiram
    Rebels who wanted all to be priests
  153. Balak
    King of Moab. Convinces, in the end, Balaam to disobey.
  154. Balaam
    Prophet of Jehovah, tempted again and againg by Balak to curse Israel. Eventually gave in.
  155. Phinehas
    Kills Moadite and Israelite to stop a plague
  156. daughters of Zelophehad
    Requested of Moses their fathers land after his death. The Lord agreed.
  157. What is the meaning of the story of Dathan, Abiram and Korah?
    God chooses His servent and makes it known, not the other way.
  158. What is the significance of Aaron's rod.
    It gives the same message as killing Dathan did, but is much more gentle.
  159. What is the reason given that Moses can't enter the Promised Land?
    • 1. Command to speak to the rock, but struck it.
    • 2. Tried to take some of the credit.
  160. What is the meaning about the story about the serpent on the pole?
    • 1. Lifted up (crucifiction, ressurection, assention)
    • 2. Look (accept the Atonement)
    • 3. Easy (Seems too simple)
  161. Story of Balaam
    • Balak, King of Moab, is scared of Israel
    • Balaam at first can't go, then is told he can as long as he says exactly what God tells him to say.
    • Donkey sees the angel and talks
    • Balaam blesses Israel
    • Turns out Balaam suggests turning God against Israel by having them break the Law.
    • The Party of Ba'al-Peor many commit sin
    • Phinehas kills couple to stop plague
  162. Who is designated to replace Moses?
    Joshua, set apart by Moses himself
  163. What is contained in the Book of Deuteronomy?
    • Recap of the last 4 books
    • All 7 steps in the covenant making process
  164. What happens to Moses at the end of his life, and how do we know this?
    • He is translated
    • Alma 45:19
  165. What are three things the Lord did for Israel in the wilderness?
    • Red Sea
    • Manna
    • Water
  166. How is the commandment of the Sabbath different in Deuteronomy than in Exodus?
    Remember creation vs. Remember exodus
  167. Spiritual concepts presented in Deuteronomy 6-8
    • 1. Belief in monotheism
    • 2. Remember
    • 3. Obedience
  168. What is meant by "remembering"?
    Teaching our children about God
  169. How was remembering done in ancient times?
  170. How is remembering done now?
    Sacrament, pictures, CTR rings, etc.
  171. What is the main commandment in Deuteronomy 12?
    Build a temple
  172. How does building a permanent temple change Israel?
    Had to go to Jerusalem often to do sacrifice.
  173. Why was Lehi able to offer a sacrifice in the wilderness?
    Had Mel. Priesthood, going to a new promised land, and he had gove 3 days away.
  174. How are true prophets discerned from false?
    If their prophicies come true or not.
  175. How is Christ like Moses?
    • 1. Savior
    • 2. Provided bread
    • 3. Provided water
    • 4. Performed miracles
    • 5. Was the law giver
  176. How does Deuteronomy incorperate the 7 elements of covenant making?
    • 1. Preamble: from God
    • 2. History: exodus story retold
    • 3. Stipulations: the Law of Moses
    • 4. Blessing and Curses: Israel would be scattered, but they would also come back together
    • 5. Deposit and Read: Every 7 years the Law was read and agreed to
    • 6. Witnesses: Heavens and Earth
    • 7. Covenant Oath Ceremony: Swore to enter at Mt Nebo. Believed that every Jew that ever had been, was, or were to be was present at that moment.