MT Chap 5

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Author:
kimberleethomas
ID:
115548
Filename:
MT Chap 5
Updated:
2011-11-08 21:02:46
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Medical Terminology Chapter
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Medical terminology chapter 5Cardiovascular and lymphatic systems
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  1. What are swollen, distended veins most commonly seen in the lower leg?
    varicose veins
  2. Is an acute infection caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and characterized by a sore throat, fever, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes.
    mononucleosis
  3. Refers to administration of drugs to dissolve a blood clot
    thrombolytic therapy
  4. Is a mass of undissolved matter present in a blood vessel
    embolus
  5. Is inflammation and enlargement of the lynph nodes
    lymphadenitis
  6. Refers to formation of a blood clot in a deep vein of the body
    • DVT
    • deep vein thrombosis
  7. Refers to blood pressure that is consistently higher than normal
    hypertension
  8. Is irregularity or loss of heart rhythm
    arrhythmia
  9. Refers to temporary interference of blood supply to the brain without permanent damage
    • TIA
    • transient ischemic attack
  10. Is a soft blowing sound caused by turbulent blood flow
    bruit
  11. Refers to partial brain damage due to interruption of its blood supply, commonly caused by blockage of an artery
    stroke
  12. Is a streptococcal infection that causes damage to heart valves and heart muscle
    rheumatic heart disease
  13. Is heart disease caused by an accumulation of fatty substances within the arterial walls
    atherosclerosis
  14. Is a small portable device worn on a patient during normal activity to obtain a record of cardiac arrhythmia
    Holter monitor
  15. Is numbness in fingers or toes due to intermittent construction of arterioles in the skin
    Raynaud Phenomenon
  16. Refers to decreased suply of oxygenated blood to a body part due to an interruption of blood flow
    ischemia
  17. Refers to malignant solid tumors of the lymphatic system
    Hodgkin disease
  18. Is a transmissible infection caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    AIDS
  19. Is a condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the metabolic requirement of blood tissues
    • HF
    • (heart failure)
  20. Means irregular, random contraction of heart fibers
    fibrillation
  21. Refers to plastic or restorative surgery on a valve, especially a cardiac valve
    valvuloplasty
  22. Is a radiographic examination of lymph glands and lymphatic vessels after an injection of a contrast medium
    lymphangiography
  23. Also is known as histocompatibility testing
    Tissue typing
  24. Refers to blood test that measures protein that is released into the blood by damaged heart muscle
    troponin I
  25. Refers to surgery that involves bypassing one or more blocked coronary arteries to restore blood flow
    • CABG
    • coronary artery bypass graft
  26. Refers to the muscular layer of the heart
    myocardium
  27. Means rapid breathing
    tachypnea
  28. Is a disease characterized by an abnormal hardening of the arteries
    arteriosclerosis
  29. Is a cell that engulfs and digests cellular debris
    phagocyte
  30. Refers to the contraction phase of the heart
    systole
  31. Refers to the relaxation phase of the heart
    diastole
  32. Is a record of the electrical impulses of the heart
    • ECG
    • (electrocardiography)
  33. Means a vague feeling of bodily discomfort, which may be the first indication of an infection or disease
    malaise
  34. Means dried thoroughly; rendered free from moisture
    desiccated
  35. Means enlarged heart
    cardiomegaly
  36. Refers to weakness in the vessel wall that balloons and eventually bursts
    aneurysm
  37. Is severe pain and constriction about the heart caused by an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart
    angina pectoris
  38. Is necrosis of an area of muscular heart tissue after cessation of blood supply
    • MI
    • (myocardial infarction)
  39. Is a process of cells clumping together
    agglutination
  40. Means rapid eating or swallowing
    tachyphagia
  41. Is an allergic reaction characterized by a rapid decrease in blood pressure
    Anaphylaxis
  42. Are the smallest vessels of the circulatory system
    capillaries
  43. Is a tumor composed of blood vessels
    hemangioma
  44. Are small arteries
    arterioles
  45. Maintains primary responsibility for initiating the heartbeat
    pacemaker

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