CH-103 Chap 15

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Allistermark
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115572
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CH-103 Chap 15
Updated:
2011-11-25 17:53:43
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Organic Chemistry Biochemistry Carbohydrates molecules
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Chapter 15 - Carbohydrates
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  1. CH-103
    Chap 15 - Carbohydrates
  2. The simplest carbohydrates are:
    Monosaccharides
  3. A disaccharide is:
    Two monosaccharide units joined together.
  4. Photosynthesis:
    Process by which energy from the sun bonds CO2 and H2O to form Carbohydrates glucose.
  5. Respiration:
    Process by which glucose is oxidized to release chemical energy producing CO2 and H20.
  6. Aldose: Aldehyde group:
    The carbonyl group is on the first Carbon: ---CHO
  7. Ketose: Ketone:
    Carbonyl group is on the second Carbon atom: C===O
  8. Glucose + Glucose =
    Maltose (Reducing sugar disaccharide) + HOH.
  9. Glucose + Fructose =
    Sucrose (Disaccharide) + HOH.
  10. Glucose + Galactose =
    Lactose (Reducing sugar disaccharide) + HOH.
  11. Amylase = 20% of starch
    Alpha D-Glucose molecules connected by Alpha 1,4 glycosidic bond (straight).
  12. Amylopectin = 80% starch
    Start out with Alpha 1,4 glycosidic bonds then at about 25 glucose units, Alpha 1,6 glycosidic bond.
  13. Glycogen = Animal starch highly branched
    Alpha 1,4 glycosidic bonds and at about 10 to 15 glucose units attached by alpha 1,6 glycosidic bonds.
  14. Lactose Structure:
  15. Glucose Molecule Haworth Structure:
  16. Glucose Molecule Haworth Structure:
  17. Glucose & Galactose Molecule:

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