CH-103 Chap 10

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Allistermark
ID:
115573
Filename:
CH-103 Chap 10
Updated:
2011-11-25 17:55:34
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Organic Chemistry Biochemistry Acids Bases
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Chapter 10 - Acids and Bases
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  1. CH-103
    Chap 10-Acids & Bases
  2. Has a sour taste:
    Acid
  3. Neutralizes bases:
    Acid
  4. Produces H+ ions in water:
    Acid
  5. Is named Potassium Hydroxide:
    Base
  6. Neutralizes Acids:
    Bases
  7. Produces OH- in water:
    Bases
  8. Has a slippery feel:
    Bases
  9. Turns Litmus Red:
    Base
  10. HCl
    Hydrochloric Acid (Strong Acid)
  11. Ca(OH)2
    Calcium Hydroxide
  12. H2CO3
    Carbonic Acid
  13. HNO3
    Nitric Acid (Strong Acid)
  14. H2SO3
    Sulfurous Acid
  15. Fe(OH)2
    Iron II Hydroxide
  16. HClO4
    Perchloric Acid (Strong Acid)
  17. H2SO4
    Sulfuric Acid (Strong Acid)
  18. Hydroiodic Acid (Strong Acid)
    HI
  19. HBr
    Hydrobromic Acid (Strong Acid)
  20. H3O+
    Hydronium Ion
  21. OH-
    Hydroxide Ion (Strong Base)
  22. S2-
    Sulfide Ion (Strong Base)
  23. CO3^2-
    Carbonate Ion (Strong Base)
  24. NH3
    Ammonia (Base)
  25. CN-
    Cyanide Ion (Base)
  26. ClO4-
    Perchlorate Ion (Base)
  27. A strong acid has a weak conjugate base means:
    Strong acids donate protons easily but have weak conjugate bases that do not readily accept protons.
  28. A weak acid has a strong conjugate base:
    A weak acid does not donate protons readily but its conjugate base accepts protons easily.
  29. A Buffer system is:
    a solution that maintains pH by neutralizing added acid or base.
  30. A Buffer requires:
    • A weak acid (not a strong acid).
    • A salt containing its conjugate base.
  31. Bronsted-Lowry acids and bases:
    • An acid is a proton donor.
    • A base is a proton acceptor.
  32. A substance that dissolves in water and produces H+ ions:
    An Acid
  33. Amphoteric:
    A substance that can act as either an acid or a base in HOH.
  34. Strong acids and Strong bases:
    Completely ionizes in HOH.
  35. Weak acids and weak bases:
    slightly ionize in HOH

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