Neuro System

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Author:
uchenna
ID:
115579
Filename:
Neuro System
Updated:
2011-11-08 21:20:36
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Neuro
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Description:
Neuro Sytem Chap 23 Health Assessment
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  1. Central Nervous System (CNS)
    • Cerebral cortex
    • Frontal lobe
    • Parietal lobe
    • Occipital lobe
    • Wernicke’s area
    • Broca’s area
    • Basal ganglia
    • Thalamus
    • Hypothalamus
    • Cerebellum
    • Brainstem
    • Midbrain
    • Pons
    • Medulla
    • Spinal cord
  2. Cerebral Cortex
  3. Components of the Central Nervous System
  4. Structure and Function 1(cont.)
    • Pathways of the CNS
    • Crossed representation
    • Sensory pathways

    Motor pathways

    • Upper motor neurons
    • Lower motor neurons
  5. Structure and Function 2(cont.)
    • Peripheral Nervous System
    • Cranial nerves
    • Spinal nerves
    • Autonomic nervous system
    • Reflex arc
  6. Reflex Arc
  7. Subjective Data—Health History Questions
    • Headache
    • Head injury
    • Dizziness/vertigo
    • Seizures
    • Tremors
    • Weakness
  8. Health History Questions
    • Incoordination
    • Numbness or tingling
    • Difficulty swallowing
    • Difficulty speaking
    • Significant history
    • Environmental/occupational hazards
  9. Objective Data—The Physical Exam
    • Preparation
    • Screening neurologic examination
    • Complete neurologic examination
    • Neurologic recheck
    • Equipment needed
    • Penlight
    • Tongue blade
    • Cotton swab
    • Cotton ball
    • Tuning fork (128 or 256 Hz)
    • Percussion hammer
    • Occasionally need: familiar aromatic
    • substance
  10. Test Cranial Nerves
    • I—Olfactory
    • II—Optic
    • III—Oculomotor, IV—Trochlear, VI—Abducens
    • V—Trigeminal
    • Motor function
    • Sensory function
    • Corneal reflex
    • VII—Facial
    • Motor function
    • Sensory function
    • VIII—Acoustic (vestibulocochlear)
    • IX—Glossopharyngeal, X—Vagus
    • Motor function
    • Sensory function
    • XI—Spinal accessory
    • XII—Hypoglossal
  11. Objective Data—The Physical Exam
    Motor System—Inspect and palpate

    • Muscles
    • Size
    • Strength
    • Tone
    • Involuntary movements


    • Cerebellar function
    • Balance tests
    • Coordination and skilled movements
  12. Objective Data—The Physical Exam
    • Sensory System
    • Person is alert, cooperative, and
    • comfortable
    • Guidelines for sensory testing
    • Spinothalamic tract
    • Pain
    • Temperature
    • light Touch
    • Posterior column tract
    • Vibration
    • Position (kinesthesia)
    • Tactile discrimination (fine
    • touch)

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