CH-103 Chap 16
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CH-103 Chap 16
Carboxylic Acids Esters Organic Chemistry Biochemistry
Chapter 16 - Carboxylic Acids and Esters
Chap - 16
Carboxylic Acids and Esters
Products of acid (Usually H2SO4 or HCl) hydrolysis of Esters are:
carboxylic acid and alcohol
Products of Base (usually NaOH or KOH) hydrolysis of Esters are:
Saponification results in the carboxylic acid salt and the corresponding alcohol.
Carboxylic Acid Structure:
Common name for Methanoic Acid:
Formic Acid: found in Bee or Ant Stings: Structure:
Common name for Ethanoic Acid:
Acetic Acid: Water & Vinegar Structure:
Common name for Propanoic Acid:
Boiling points in Carboxylic acids are higher than alcohols, ketones and aldehydes because of:
Polar -OH groups forming hydrogen bonds.
Dipole-dipole attractions increase boiling points.
Formation of Dimers (Carboxylics can do this) increases Boiling Point.
4 Carboxylic acids that are soluble in water:
3 slightly soluble carboxylic acids in HOH:
Carboxylic acid reacts with an alcohol to form an:
Ester and HOH
A monosaccharide that contains 4 carbon atoms, one of which is an aldehyde group is classified as a(n):
In a disaccharide, two monsaccharides are joined by what kind of bond?
Under acid hydrolysis conditions, starch is converted to:
Maltose can be classified as a(n):
Monosaccharide produced upon hydrolysis of Amylopectin:
When a carboxylic acid and an alcohol react in the presence of an acid catalyst usually (H2SO4) the reaction is called: