Ling Final

Card Set Information

Ling Final
2011-11-08 22:50:15

final 3rd of class
Show Answers:

  1. Information Content
    info conveyed by or contained in a linguistic unit such as phrase, sent, or utterance.
  2. Sense
    Aspect of meaning that is indep. of what it may refer to in real world. Speakers mental conception of word's meaning
  3. Reference
    Particular entity (idea, obj) to which a word or linguistic expression relates.
  4. Which 2 aspects of linguistic meaning are complementary?
    Sense and Reference
  5. What are the 3 aspects of linguistic meaning?
    • info content
    • sense
    • reference
  6. compositional semantics
    ways in which meanings of syntactic struture combine to determine meaning of phrases
  7. variable reference
    reference of term (word or phrase) that does not always pick out or refer to same object.
  8. What is the drawback to theory of reference?
    we need SENSE
  9. Mental image
    Assoc. with word, typically has prototype
  10. Complementary Antonyms

    provide example
    • pair of antonyms such that everything must be described by the first word, 2nd word, or neither.
    • and such that saying of something that it is not a member of the set denoted by the first word implicates that it is in the set of denoted by the 2nd word.

    ex)alive/dead, win/lose
  11. Reverses
    Antonyms in which one word in the pair suggests movement that "undoes" the movement suggested by the other

    ex)left/right, inside/outside
  12. Gradable

    provide some examples
    words that are anytonyms and denote opposite ends of a scale. You can tell what is gradable if there can be an in between.

    ex) wet/dry, easy/hard
  13. converses

    provide examples
    Antonym in which the first word of the pair suggests a point of view opposite to that of the 2nd word.

    ex) lend/borrow, send/recieve
  14. What are the 4 types of antonyms?
    • complementary pairs
    • gradable
    • reverses
    • converses