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info conveyed by or contained in a linguistic unit such as phrase, sent, or utterance.
Aspect of meaning that is indep. of what it may refer to in real world. Speakers mental conception of word's meaning
Particular entity (idea, obj) to which a word or linguistic expression relates.
Which 2 aspects of linguistic meaning are complementary?
Sense and Reference
What are the 3 aspects of linguistic meaning?
- info content
ways in which meanings of syntactic struture combine to determine meaning of phrases
reference of term (word or phrase) that does not always pick out or refer to same object.
What is the drawback to theory of reference?
we need SENSE
Assoc. with word, typically has prototype
- pair of antonyms such that everything must be described by the first word, 2nd word, or neither.
- and such that saying of something that it is not a member of the set denoted by the first word implicates that it is in the set of denoted by the 2nd word.
Antonyms in which one word in the pair suggests movement that "undoes" the movement suggested by the other
provide some examples
words that are anytonyms and denote opposite ends of a scale. You can tell what is gradable if there can be an in between.
ex) wet/dry, easy/hard
Antonym in which the first word of the pair suggests a point of view opposite to that of the 2nd word.
ex) lend/borrow, send/recieve
What are the 4 types of antonyms?
- complementary pairs