Syntax Files D3

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  1. active/agentive case marking
    groups NPs bearing the agent role together
  2. split active system
    individual intransitive verbs are fixed in terms of the case that appears on their subject
  3. fluid active system
    • many intransitive verbs permit either case, depending on the extent to which the action they denote falls under the control of the referent of subject
    • ex. 'move' appears with ergative subject if action is controlled but absolutive subject if accidental
  4. three-way/tripartite case marking
    • ergative case for subjects of transitive verbs
    • accusative for direct objects
    • nominative for subjects of intransitive verbs
Card Set
Syntax Files D3
Syntax Files 3rd Test D3
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