BIOL 223L Lab 6-2

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christophertkennedy
ID:
115697
Filename:
BIOL 223L Lab 6-2
Updated:
2011-11-09 12:59:07
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anatomy physiology muscular system
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Study Cards for Lab 6 BIOL 223L CSN
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  1. This muscle originates at the iliosacral joints as well as the iliac crest and allows for the extension and lateral rotation at the hip.
    gluteus maximus
  2. This muscle allows for abduction and medial rotation of the hip, originates at the iliac crest, and is "underneath" the gluteus maximus.
    gluteus medius
  3. This muscle originates at the lateral surface of the anterior superior iliac spine and connects to the iliotibial tract and allows for the flexion and medial rotation of the hip.
    tensor fasciae latae
  4. This muscle extends from the inferior ramus of the pubis anterior to the femur and allows for the adduction of the hip.
    adductor longus
  5. This muscle extends from the inferior ramus of the pubis posterior to the femur and allows for the adduction of the hip.
    adductor magnus
  6. This muscle extends from the superior ramus of the pubis to the femur and allows for flexion, medial rotation, and adduction of the hip.
    pectineus
  7. The muscle that runs from the inferior ramus of the pubis to the medial surface of the tibia and allows for flexion of the knee, and adduction and medial rotation of the hip is the:
    gracilis
  8. This muscle originates from the iliac fossa and allows for flexion of the hip.
    iliacus
  9. This muscle originates from the transverse processes of vertebrae T12-L5 and allows for flexion of the hip and intervertebral lumbar joints.
    psoas major
  10. List the three muscles that are commonly referred to as the "hamstrings."
    • biceps femoris
    • semitendinosus
    • semimembranosus
  11. Which of the "hamstrings" is oriented the most laterally?
    biceps femoris
  12. Which of the "hamstring" muscles is in the middle?
    semitendinosus
  13. Which muscle articulates with the anterior superior iliac spine and the medial surface of the tibia, crossing over the quads, and flexes the knee?
    sartorius
  14. List the four muscles that are commonly referred to as the "quadricep femoris."
    • rectus femoris
    • vastus medialis
    • vastus intermedius
    • vastus lateralis
  15. What is the quadriceps function?
    to extend the knee
  16. What muscle flexes the ankle?
    tibialis anterior
  17. The muscle that extends the ankle, inverts the foot, and flexes the knee is the:
    gastrocnemius (calf)
  18. The muscle, located beneath the "calf" muscles, that originates at the head of the fibula and articulates with the calcaneal tendon is the:
    soleus
  19. The muscle on the lateral surface of the leg which originates at the fibular head and allows for eversion of the foot and extension of the ankle is the:
    fibularis longus
  20. The muscle extends from the interosseous membrane to the ankle on the posterior side and inverts the foot and flexes the ankle.
    tibialis posterior
  21. The gastrocnemius and soleus share a common tendon called the:
    calcaneal tendon (Achilles' tendon)
  22. Which muscle of the anterior femoral compartment is surrounded by the other three, like a hot dog in a bun?
    rectus femoris
  23. List the four muscles of the medial femoral compartment (adductor group).
    • adductor longus
    • adductor magnus
    • pectineus
    • gracilis
  24. True or False: The vastus intermedius is superficial to the rectus femoris.
    False - the rectus femoris is superficial to the vastus intermedius
  25. Which is more anterior, adductor longus or adductor magnus?
    adductor longus

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