Where you have 1 character that represents 1 constant and 1 vowel. Japaness is an example
What is a Corpus?
Data on words, sounds, Ect. (a list)
What is an example of a courpus?
to find out if ng(ng sound phoneme) starts at the begining we use a courpus.
What is a Creal Language? example?
A Language that a new liguistic form is created in the brain. Kria
What is Diaspera? Example?
A language without Country or when they leave there homeland. Roma/Sign Language/jewish.
When did Indo Arian loose it's nutral gender classification?
New Indo Arian
WHen did the Roma Show up in europe?
a language isolate that is unrelated to other languages
What is a Symantic Group?
WOrds that mean the same thing
What is Koine?
When u have a lot of people speaking the same language but they are very different
What is Leveling?
WHen koines which are closely related dialets, work out a compramise. one will give to the other.
What is an example of a koine?
if we said yall up north or pop/soda/coke
Why did english pick up latin words? Example?
religion and trade. Vinum (wine)
When did the romans leave the british isles?
What is Idographic,
Pictures that stand for images but as so the association of the picture/
What is an example of Idographic? how did they distiguish
picture of old man could mean old man or old age.usually classifiers
What is a Language Universal?
all languages share certain aspects.
What are some examples of Language universals?
Negations, Oposition paris such as on and off
What is a Language Tendency?
Things that are commonly found in languages but not nessasarly all
What is a Fragmentation belt
Places were there are many languages in a small area.
What is an example of a Fragmentation belt?
the west African Coast
What is a mixed language?
Incorporating another language into yours or someone elses.
How do mix languages work? and what is an example
adopts the symantics or lexicons. most languages have properties of other languages. in class we read Night be for christimas with english and spanish
What is Decrealization (what happened to the kriol)
When creal speakers adopt there colonization language. Krial speakers that had contact with english adopted the english and lost the krial
What is an example of the LAH?
The wifes that lancquados married learned languages easier because they were bilingual already
when did the germanic people come into the british isles?
What was different about the germans coming in from the romans?
they were not christians like the roman. They had there own dieties.
What was the name of the Celtics religion
What is the history of religion in british isles between the romans, celtics, anglo saxens
Romans brought christ, the celtics keept it, the anglo saxens changed it
When did the latin people come back?
What problem did the roman church have when lain came back to british
the celtics religon had not changed because it had become isolated, thus it nolonger conformed to the modern version
What happened with William the Concurer in 1066?
He defeated the english and the Normans took over (they spoke Norman French)
What is significant about the take over of the normans?
another influence on english
What year did the french take over?
What happened when the french took over in 1204
the english now had to learn parisian french instead of the norse french they just learned
WHen was the great vowel shift?
WHat did the great vowel shift do?
moved the place of articulation up (low vowels whent to middle lower)
Could vowel shifts be changing today?
yes such as a -> ae
What does LBH stand for and what does it mean?
Language Bioprogram hypothosis, we have in our dna a structure.
What is creolizatio?
Its where a language is no longer the same language, aka masive language change because of social aspects.
What is an example of creolization?
When women did not colonize central american tropics they lost woman type words. also Krio in siara Leon is an example
What is ortheph?
A way to detemin the pronouciation of words form early times using ryhiming/songs.
What is an example of ortheph?
sherbert instead of sherbet. and sail english because of the mispellings
Who did the resurch on sailer and their log books?
What was the coasting trade and when was it started?
the movement of people around the coast on small ships that traveled from port to port. the middle ages when roads were dangerous
WHat is Occupational Registry? example?
A variety of your speach that relates to your occupation. Sailor (ship english) or laywer speak
What is a Lancado?
Where the sailors would stay in africa permanitly instead of returning home
What does LAD stand for and mean?
ALanguage Aquition Device. A switch that turns off if you reach adalensence as a monolinguist. reason its easy to learn language as a child and when you do it will always be easier to aquire a new language
What does Calque mean?
letting the interpretation one language turn into another.
What is an example of calque?
The chinese say open the light to mean our turn on the light so thats how they would say it in english
What type of language did the lancado's use and what did it become?
Ship english turned into costal english which was a linga franca
Who were the Grumetto(s)?
tribal africans that were the first to earn wages. they were proters
What is a Language Univeral?
a pattern that occurs systamaticly accross natural languages.
What is an example of a Language Univeral?
in Kria the word belly means all the same english meanings plus others such as womb, pregnate, ect
A languages tense means what?
A languages Aspect means what?
how it happened
What is an example?
I see you vs. I am seeing you
A languages aspect can be split into what 2 subsects?
Progressive and habitual
WHat does progressive aspect mean?
something is in progress
What does habitual aspect mean?
is something you do all of the time
What is the difference between Kria, Creale, creale?
Kria= specific language (french, russian), Creale, A person (ethnicity sortof), creal=type of language (creal french in louisianna)
What is a Silibarie?
Writting systems syboles does not stand for a soun but a sylabol. Usually in Japanese, or cherocke
What is Orthoeply,
uses splling(misspellings) as a guide to pronounciation. ALso uses rhymes, like how poets would rhyme words that don't rhyme now.