TLSE 440 test 2

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JShimkus
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115765
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TLSE 440 test 2
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2011-11-10 18:15:36
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TLSE 440 test
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Spider map and reveiw questons
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  1. What is an acronym?
    It is formed by taking the first letter of the words in a title or list of facts and combing them into a word.
  2. What is a mimetics?
    A pictorial representaion of the information taht is to be learned.
  3. What are key words?
    It is rooted in the elaboration of unfamilar vocab words or concepts. This is accomplished by making info to be recalled more concrete through assossiation with visual images in which the key word and target word or concept are interacting in a meaningful way.
  4. What is an Acrostic?
    Is a sentence in which the first letter of each word doubles as a part of a mnemonic that represents the info to be remembered.
  5. What is symbolics?
    Use illistrations to represent info but used to depict abstract info. (political cartoons)
  6. What are PEG WORDS?
    • Uses "peg" words or rhyming proximes, for numbers. ex. one-bun two-shoe
    • can be used to remember virtually any numbered or ordered sequence of information.
  7. What is the definition of Loci?
    To help orators remember their speeches. THis strategy involves remembering a series of familiar places or locations, such as the route taken from home to school and pairing images of one peice of into with each place.
  8. What is reciprocal teaching?
    Involves assigning the following roles to students: questioner, clarifier, summerizer, and predictor.
  9. Who is the RAP strategy used? What do the letters stand for?
    • To increase comprehension.
    • Read
    • Ask about main ideas and details
    • Processing
  10. ________ refers to decoding sound/symbol correlation.
    Phonological Processing
  11. Orthographic and semantic processing difficulties can effect ___________________.
    Reading Comprehension
  12. ___________ processing refers to spelling.
    Orthographic
  13. Semantic processing refers to __________.
    word meaning.
  14. _________ refers to readers awarness of and ability, to regulate, monitor, and adjust cognitive actions.
    Metacognition
  15. What is working memory?
    The portion of memory used to process informaion.
  16. ________ _________ is a question woth the answer stated explicitly in the text.
    Right there
  17. A ______ and _____ question requires the reader to intergrate information across sentences and paragraphs.
    Think and search
  18. Own my own questions is?
    Requires the reader to draw from his/her background knowledge to answer the questions.
  19. What is a text structure that illistrates a topic?
    Description
  20. What is a text structure that time order in which things are aranged or carried out?
    Temporal sequence of events
  21. ________ is a text structure that gives reasons or details for something?
    Explanation
  22. What is the text structure that states something clearly?
    Definition-example
  23. What is the problem solution effect?
    It is a text structure that involves a difficult situation and how it is resolved.
  24. What is a proceduaral error?
    Omitting steps involved in solving math problems.
  25. Why is math a natural area for strategy instruction?
    Becasue it is procedrual and rule based
  26. Fact Error:
    Student misses a problem becasue of an error in one of the basic additon, subtraction, multiplication, or division fact.
  27. Component error is?
    Student makes an error on a skill that is intergrated into a problem-solving strategy.
  28. What are the three major areas of mathematics?
    Basic Facts, computation procedures, and word problem solving
  29. Types of math errors?
    • Errors in Math Retrieval: memory problems
    • Procedural errors
  30. Six basic mathematical principles
    Place value, Expanded Notation, Communative property, Associative property, distributive property, equivalence
  31. What is the order for teaching multiplication facts?
    0's, 1's, 2's, 5's, 9's
  32. How do you teach the 15 facts that do not fall into fact families?
    Peg words
  33. What are the steps of the SOLVE IT strategy?
    • 1. Read
    • 2. Paraphrase
    • 3. Visualize
    • 4. Hypothesize
    • 5. Estimate
    • 6. Compute
    • 7. Check
  34. What are the sub skills under each solve it step?
    Say, Ask, Check
  35. Why is math a natural area for strategy instruction?
    Becasue it is highly procedural and it is rule based
  36. How is reading comprehension a reciprocal process?
    Good readers continuously construct and reconstruct meaning while reading.
  37. what are the skills associated with comprehension?
    • Pre-reading--Activated back ground knowledge proior to reading
    • During reading--monitor comprehension during reading
    • Post-reading-- Check for understanding after reading
  38. ________ is essentail to reading comprehension becasue the readers awarness and abilty to regulate and monitor, and adjust cognitive actions are key componets of ___________.
    • Reading Comprehension
    • Reading Comprehension
  39. What has proven to be the most effective method for teaching phonological processing, metacognition, orthographic and semantic processing?
    Through explicit, sydtematic insturction in early literacy skills has been proven to be most effective.
  40. What are the six major expository text structures?
    Discription, temporal sequence of events, explanation, definition example, compare and contrast, problem solve, and solution-effect
  41. What do all graphic organizers do?
    They all convert liner information (text) into nonlinear graphic representations.
  42. What does text summerization prompt students to do?
    Prompts students to identify the main idea of the passage, delete and unnessecery details, and run through the main points.
  43. What are some ways to promote generlization of a strategy?
    Students should be encouraged to use the strategy in other content areas where they are requierd to read.
  44. What is a locate type question?
    They merley pose a question that can be answerd by directly restating info from the text.
  45. What is a think type questions?
    Students are required to think beyond what is in the text, and state that as a question.
  46. What are the three areas of mathmatics?
    Basic math facts, computation procedures, word-problem solving.
  47. What is a mnemonic?
    Strategy designed to help students store and retreive info.
  48. What is the Mathew effect?
    Children who are behind in Reading skills keep falling further and further behind there peers.
  49. Name the LINCS strategy
    It is a keyword vocabulary strategy, designed to assist students to independently generate key words for target vocabulary.
  50. LINCS stands for?
    • List the parts- write word on a study card and list the important parts of the definition.
    • Imagine a picture-create a mental picture.
    • Note a reminding word- Think of a fimilair word that sounds like the vocabulary word.
    • Construct a LINCing story- make a short story about the meaning of the word.
    • Self-Test-Test your memory forward and backward
  51. What is a possible limitation of mnemonics?
    Used for factual learning, thus limiting the range of the application.

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