APUSH Chapter 13

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APUSH Chapter 13
2011-11-09 18:47:28

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  1. Andrew Jackson
    one of four main candidates of election 1824, he was president between 1828-1836, and during this time he managed to shut down the Bank of the United States (believed it was unconstitutional)
  2. John C. Calhoun
    writer of The South Carolina Exposition, said the Tariff of 1828 (Tariff of Abominations) was unconstitutional and unjust (led to the nullification of the tariffs)
  3. Henry Clay
    true enemy of Andrew Jackson, he sought to become presidnet but never got the majority electoral or popular votes in the three elections he ran in
  4. Martin Van Buren
    "New Hickory" - he was Andrew Jackson's predecessor and he did not do as great as Jackson in his presidency (1840-1844) because Jackson left Van Buren a lot to deal with
  5. William Crawford
    was another candidate in the election of 1824 who had no chance of winning because of the idea of "corrupt bargaining" first done by Henry Clay and John Qunicy Adams
  6. John Quincy Adams
    won the election of 1824 by a new principle ("corrupt bargain") he did not get the popular vote nor did he get the majority of electoral votes (Andrew Jackson did)
  7. Daniel Webster
    partnered with Henry Clay in trying to re-charter the Bank of the United States four years early in order for it to be an election issue in 1832
  8. Nicholas Biddle
    President of the Bank of the United States
  9. Osceola
    the leader of the Seminoles
  10. Stephen Austin
    led the first Americans into what is now the Texan territory
  11. William Harrison
    a candidate that represented the Whigs in the election of 1836 and won in 1840
  12. Sam Houston
    led the Texans into the Battle of San Jacinto in the Lone Star Rebellion
  13. Santa Anna
    president of Mexico during the Lone Star Rebellion
  14. Black Hawk
    led the Sauk and Fox braves from Illion and Wisconsin and resisted the eviction
  15. Democratic-Republicans -
    Jackson was apart of the Democratic-Republicans but soon split up because of the annexation of Texas
  16. Anti-Masonic Party
    hated Andrew Jackson
  17. Revolution of 1828
    was no battle or war but a peaceful change of party from Republican to Democratic
  18. "Corrupt Bargain"
    Adams agreed to make Clay secretary of state if he deemed him as president
  19. Tariff of Abominations
    (Tariff of 1828) favored industry rather than agriculture; Southerners felt it favored the north more than themselves
  20. South Carolina Exposition
    written in response to the tariff of abominations by John C. Calhoun leading South Carolina to nullify the tax
  21. Tariff of 1832
    createed in response to the Southerners' de,ams, but it still was a draining tax
  22. Specie Circular
    idea created by Andrew Jackson where the common man can go and trade paper money for gold or silver, this system depreciated the value of the American dollar
  23. Tariff of 1833
    created by Henry Clay to decrease the tariff of 1832 by 8% and 10 years
  24. Tammany Hall
    a powerful city machine in New York
  25. Ancient Order of Hiberians
    a semisecret society founded in Ireland to fight rapacious landlords
  26. cult of domesticity
    the signification of the growing power and independenc of women
  27. nativism
    agitation for rigit restrictions on immigration and naturalization and for laws authorizing the deportation of alien paupers