intro to the form and function of the human body

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Author:
jessthom89
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115830
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intro to the form and function of the human body
Updated:
2011-11-09 22:41:38
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anatomy
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intro anatomy
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  1. Two parts of the body
    Head

    Trunk
  2. Head
    the superior most portion fo the human body
  3. Trunk
    the body EXCLUDING the head and the extremities

    divided into four regions: neck, thorax, abdomen, and pelvis
  4. pecoral girdle
    shoulder

    consists of the scapula and clavical
  5. brachium
    arm

    consists of the humerus
  6. antebrachium
    forearm

    consists of the ulna and radius
  7. manus
    hand
  8. carpus
    wrist

    consists of 8 small carpal bones
  9. metacarpus
    palm

    consists of 5 metacarpal bones
  10. digits & pollex
    fingers and thumb
  11. pelvic girdle
    os coxae

    fusion of 3 bones: the ilium, ischium, and pubis
  12. clunes
    buttocks
  13. coxae
    hip

    formed by the femur, and os coxae
  14. thigh
    thigh

    consists of the femur
  15. crus
    leg

    consists of the tibia and fibula
  16. pes
    foot
  17. tarsus
    ankle

    consists of 7 tarsal bones
  18. metatarsus
    middle of the foot

    consists of 5 slender metatarsal bones
  19. digits & hallux
    toes and big toe
  20. calcaneus
    heel
  21. cranial cavity
    with in the bones of the skull, houses the brain and its associated structures
  22. thoracic cavity
    within the musculaskeletal wall of the rib cage, houses the heart, lungs, and other thoracic organs
  23. abdominopelvic cavity
    enclosed by the abdominal muscles and pelvic bones and muscles, houses the organs of the abdomen and pelvis

    *is separated from the thoracic cavity by the diaphragm*
  24. anatomical position
    the body is erect, the upper limbs are at the sides, and the palms face forward, the lower limbs are together
  25. dorsal & posterior
    back
  26. ventral & anterior
    front
  27. superior
    above
  28. inferior
    below
  29. medial
    middle
  30. lateral
    sides
  31. proximal
    closest to the body
  32. distal
    far from the body
  33. cranial
    toward the skull
  34. rostral
    toward the nose
  35. caudal
    toward the tail
  36. superficial
    close to the surface
  37. deep/profundus
    inside, deep
  38. external
    outside
  39. internal
    inside
  40. sagittal plane
    separates the body into right and left parts
  41. median or median sagittal plane
    separates the body into even right and left parts
  42. paramedian or parasagittal plane
    separates the body into unequal right and left parts
  43. cornal/frontal plane
    divides the body into anterior and posterior parts
  44. horizonal plane
    separates the body parallel to the horizon

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