Card Set Information
Actions that aid attempts to survive and adapt to changing conditions.
Any of a number of male sex hormones, especially testosterone.
Active self-starvation or a sustained loss of appetite that has psychological origins.
Assumes that people prefer to maintain ideal, or comfortable, levels of arousal.
The mental process of assigning causes to events. In emotion, the process of attributing arousal to a particular source.
Autonomic nervous system (ANS)
The system of nerves that connects the brain with the internal organs and glands.
The first four levels of needs in Maslow’s hierarchy; lower needs tend to be more potent than higher needs.
Weight reduction based on changing exercise and eating habits, rather than temporary self-starvation.
Excessive eating (gorging) usually followed by self-induced vomiting and/or taking laxatives.
States that activity in the thalamus causes emotional feelings and bodily arousal to occur simultaneously.
Cyclical changes in bodily functions and arousal levels that vary on a schedule approximating a 24-hour day.
In a polygraph exam, questions that almost always provoke anxiety.
The psychological expression of internal needs or valued goals. For example, hunger, thirst, or a drive for success.
A state characterized by physiological arousal, changes in facial expression, gestures, posture, and subjective feelings.
Evaluating the personal meaning of a stimulus or situation.
Outward signs that an emotion is occurring.
The private, subjective experience of having an emotion.
Emotional competence, including empathy, self-control, self-awareness, and other skills.
A drive that occurs in distinct episodes.
Areas of the body that produce pleasure and/or provoke erotic desire.
Any of a number of female sex hormones.
Changes in the sexual drives of animals that create a desire for mating; particularly used to refer to females in heat.
The first phase of sexual response, indicated by initial signs of sexual arousal.
Thirst caused by a reduction in the volume of fluids found between body cells.
Motivation based on obvious external rewards, obligations, or similar factors.
Facial feedback hypothesis
States that sensations from facial expressions help define what emotion a person feels.
The target or objective of motivated behavior.
In Maslow’s hierarchy, the higher level needs associated with self-actualization.
Hierarchy of human needs
Abraham Maslow’s ordering of needs, based on their presumed strength or potency.
A steady state of bodily equilibrium.
A small area at the base of the brain that regulates many aspects of motivation and emotion, especially hunger, thirst, and sexual behavior.
The value of a goal above and beyond its ability to fill a need.
Thirst triggered when fluid is drawn out of cells due to an increased concentration of salts and minerals outside the cell.
Motivation that comes from within, rather than from external rewards; motivation based on personal enjoyment of a task or activity.
States that emotional feelings follow bodily arousal and come from awareness of such arousal.
Study of the meaning of body movements, posture, hand gestures, and facial expressions; commonly called body language.
n Maslow’s hierarchy, needs associated with impulses for self-actualization
Internal processes that initiate, sustain, and direct activities.
An internal deficiency that may energize behavior.
Need for achievement (nAch)
The desire to excel or meet some internalized standard of excellence.
Need for power
The desire to have social impact and control over others.
A climax and release of sexual excitement.
A part of the autonomic system that quiets the body and conserves energy.
Excess activity in the parasympathetic nervous system following a period of intense emotion.
Physiological changes (in emotion)
Alterations in heart rate, blood pressure, perspiration, and other involuntary responses.
The second phase of sexual response during which physical arousal is further heightened.
A device for recording heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, and galvanic skin response; commonly called a “lie detector.”
According to Robert Plutchik’s theory, the most basic emotions are fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger, anticipation, joy, and acceptance.
Innate motives based on biological needs.
The fourth phase of sexual response, involving a return to lower levels of sexual tension and arousal.
Any action, glandular activity, or other identifiable behavior.
Schachter’s cognitive theory
States that emotions occur when physical arousal is labeled or interpreted on the basis of experience and situational cues.
Motives based on learned needs, drives, and goals.
Set point (for fat)
The proportion of body fat that tends to be maintained by changes in hunger and eating.
The strength of one’s motivation to engage in sexual behavior.
One’s degree of emotional and erotic attraction to members of the same sex, opposite sex, or both sexes.
An unspoken mental plan that defines a “plot,” dialogue, and actions expected to take place in a sexual encounter.
Learned motives acquired as part of growing up in a particular society or culture.
Innate needs for stimulation and information
A part of the ANS that activates the body at times of stress.
High levels of arousal and worry that seriously impair test performance.
A summary of the relationships among arousal, task complexity, and performance.