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is a UTI that has spread into the systemic circulation & is a life threatening condition requiring emergency treatment.
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)
are experienced in pts who have UTI's of the upper urinary tracts, as well as thoe confined to the lower tract. These symptoms are related to either storage of the bladder or bladder emptying.
Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) or nitrofurantoin(Macrodantin)
is often used to empirically treat uncomplicated or initual UTI's. Macrobid is long-acting preparation taken 2daily
tints the urine blue
a kidney that has become small, atrophic, shrunken and has lost function owing to scarring or fribrosis.
inflammation of the urethra by a bacterial infection or viral infection(chlamydia, and gonorrhea in men)
may be used for chlamidia infections
prescribed for monilial infections(yeast)
interstitial cystitis/Painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS)
a chronic, painful inflammatory disease of the bladder characterized by symptoms of urgency/frequency & pain in the bladder or pelvis.
Calcium Glycerophosphate (Prelief)
is an OTC dietary supplement that alkalinizes the urine and can provide relief from the irritating effects of certain foods. For (IC/PBS)
Pentosan (Elmiron) is the only oral agent approved for the treatment of pts with symptoms of Interstitial cystitis.
Acute poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis
most common in children and young adults. Generalized body edema preorbital, hypertension, oliguria(little urine), hematuria with a smoky or rusty apprearance, and proteinuria may occur.
an autoimmune disease with the presence of circulating antibodies against glomerular & alveolar basement membrane. Damages kidneys and lungs
Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPNG)
associated with acute renal failure where there is rapid progressive loss of renal funtion over days to weeks. Hypertension, edema, roteinuria, hematuria and RBC casts.
reflects end stage of glomerular inflammatory disease, eventually leading to chronic glomerulonephritis. Protenuria, hematuria, uremia are results of decreasing renal function. Protein and phosphate restrictions may slow the rate of progression of kidney disease.
the glomerulus is excessively permeable to plasma protein, causing proteinuria that leads to low plasma albumin & tissue edema.
The major categories of a stone are
- calcium phosphate
- calciu oxalate
- uric acid
- struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate)
- cisplatin (Platinol)
- vinblastine (Velban)
- doxorubicin (Adriamycin)
- methotrexate (Folex)