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name the specific forms of urinary tract infections
info on cystitis
- bladder infection
- usually caused by bacteria
most common cause of outpatient uti... and second and third respectively
- 1. E. coli
- 2. klebsiella
- 3. proteus miriabilis
what pathogen causes 5-15% cases of uti in young, sexually active women?
what organisms cause uti's in hospitals?
enterobactor, psuedomonas, enterococci, candida, s. epidermidis, corynebacterium
vf for e. coli concerning uti
- normal flora
facts about klebsiella for uti
- non motile
- urease = alkaline urine
- nf of skin
- polysaccharide capsule
- 5-15% cystitis in women
- community acquired
- G+ cocci
- cat+ coagulase
- noscomial (catheters)
- yeast infections
- oral contraceptives
- menses/ pregnancy
- overuse of antibiotics
source of uti infection
fecal and vaginal normal flora
difference in treatment between upper/ lower uti
- upper- long course antibiotics (14 days)
- lower- less than 7 days of antibiotics
how can cystitis progress to bacteremia?
- when it goes untreated and pathogen has time to migrate up the ureters and infect the kidneys
- elderly women are commonly infected
what are the 3 most common pathogens that cause prostitis in order?
- e. coli
- proteus mirabilis
which are mostly G-
prevelance of std's
- chlamydia: 10-25%
- ghonorrhea: 3-18%
- syphilis: 0-3%
- trachimas vaginalis: 8-16%
- hsv: 2-12%
what are the 3 primary pathogens that cause sexually transmitted urethritis? what names are given to these infections?
- neisseria ghonnorrhea-- gonococcal urethritis
- nongonococcal urethritis- chlamydia trachomitis, ureaplasma urealytica
What methods or techniques are usually used to diagnose sexually transmitted urethritis?
gram stains, culture, DNA probe
what pathogens cause PID?
chlamydia trachomitis and neisseria gonnorhea
when are you most likely to get PID?
what are the 3 manifestations of std infections?
genital warts, discharge, genital lesions
what are te most common stds in mississippi?
chlamydia and ghonnorhea
what std is able cause a congenital infection?
what type of contact or exchange of fluids is necessary for transmission of std?
- vinereal fluids
- mother to fetus