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Normal Substance Abuse.
Define Substance Abuse.
Substance abuse: a non-maladaptive use of alcohol or other drug.
Drug: any substance that, when absored into the body of a living organism, alters normal bodily functions.
Ex: excedrin for headache, coffee to wake up in the morning
Define Substance intoxication & its characteristics.
Substance intoxication: a reversible condition brought on by excessive use ofa drug such as alcohol.
Characteristics: difficulty staying awake and thinking clearly, rapid shifts in mood, impaired judgment, increased impulsivity.
Define substance abuse.
Substance abuse: the repeated use of substances to the point that recurring problems are evident.
Ex: Missing work, mistreatin gchildren, legal problems, fighting or arguing about intoxication.
Substance Abuse; Key terms:
Substance dependance: refers to a maladaptive pattern of substance use potentially defined by tolerance & withdrawel.
Substance withdrawel: refers to maladaptive behavioral changes when a person stops using a drug.
Tolerance: refers to need to ingest greater amounts of a drug to achieve the same effect.
Types of substances.
Name 5 and examples of each.
- 1) Depressents - alcohol
- 2) Stimulants - Anesthetics
- 3) Opiates - Antiseizure meds (needles)
- 4) Hallucinogens - Barbituate drugs
- 5) Marijuana - Hypnotic drugs