Psych.ch9.exam3

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Author:
xiongav
ID:
115959
Filename:
Psych.ch9.exam3
Updated:
2011-11-10 16:19:02
Tags:
Substance Abuse Related Disorders
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Psych.ch9.exam3
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  1. Normal Substance Abuse.

    Define Substance Abuse.

    Define Drug.
    Substance abuse: a non-maladaptive use of alcohol or other drug.

    Drug: any substance that, when absored into the body of a living organism, alters normal bodily functions.

    Ex: excedrin for headache, coffee to wake up in the morning
  2. Substance-Related Disorders.

    Define Substance intoxication & its characteristics.
    Substance intoxication: a reversible condition brought on by excessive use ofa drug such as alcohol.

    Characteristics: difficulty staying awake and thinking clearly, rapid shifts in mood, impaired judgment, increased impulsivity.
  3. Substance-Related Disorders.

    Define substance abuse.
    Substance abuse: the repeated use of substances to the point that recurring problems are evident.

    Ex: Missing work, mistreatin gchildren, legal problems, fighting or arguing about intoxication.
  4. Substance Abuse; Key terms:

    Substance dependence.

    Substance withdrawel.

    Tolerance.
    Substance dependance: refers to a maladaptive pattern of substance use potentially defined by tolerance & withdrawel.

    Substance withdrawel: refers to maladaptive behavioral changes when a person stops using a drug.

    Tolerance: refers to need to ingest greater amounts of a drug to achieve the same effect.
  5. Types of substances.

    Name 5 and examples of each.
    • 1) Depressents - alcohol
    • 2) Stimulants - Anesthetics
    • 3) Opiates - Antiseizure meds (needles)
    • 4) Hallucinogens - Barbituate drugs
    • 5) Marijuana - Hypnotic drugs

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