A&P #2

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A&P #2
2011-11-11 10:09:19
Anatomy Physiology

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  1. What are reversal factors that contribute to heat loss in infants?
    The neonate gererally has a large surface area, only has a thin layer of subcutaneous fat, the neonate cannot shiver.
  2. What is normothermia?
    The normal range of body temp. from 97F - 99.6F
  3. What is BAT?
    A neonate has brown adipose tissue.
  4. Where is the thermostat of the body located?
  5. What happens to the body when temperature increases?
    Blood vessels dialate giving flushed appearance. Sweat Glands become more active.
  6. The part of the membrane that covers the outside of the organ is called?
    Visceral layer
  7. Nervous tissue is found where?
    Peripheral nerves, brains, and the spinal cord.
  8. The part of the membrane that lines the wall of the cavity is called?
    Parietal layer
  9. The 3 serous membranes are?
    • -Pleura
    • -Pericardium
    • -Peritoneum
  10. Which types of connective tissue have a liquid intercellular matrix?
    Blood and lymph
  11. What kind of forms has dense fibrous connectic tissue?
    • -Tendons
    • -Ligaments
    • -Capsules
    • -Fascia
  12. Where is Hyaline cartilage located?
    • -the larynx
    • -the ends of long bones
    • -the joints
    • -the area between the breastbone and the ribs
  13. What are 3 types of cartilage connective tissue?
    • -Hyaline
    • -Elastic
    • -Fibrocartilage
  14. How do hormones affect the body temp of a person who has thyroid disease?
    The hypothyroid person generally has a lower than normal body temp, but the hyperthyroid person has an elevated temp.
  15. What will happen if poor oxygen and nutrition reach the nail?
    The nail will brittle.
  16. Which hormones influenced hair growth?
    By sex hormone estrogen and testosterone.
  17. What are 2 major exocrine glands that associate with the skin and what do they secrete?
    Sebacceous glands secrete sebum and sweat glands secrete sweat.
  18. How does body temp maintain and uses what mechanism?
    Body temp is maintained by balancing heat production through thermoregulation
  19. What happens when the sebaceous glands become blocked by sebum or debris?
    It becomes a blackhead and when it gets infected it becomes a pimple.
  20. What is the normal body temp?
    97F - 100F
  21. What produces the heat in our bodies?
    Millions of chemical reactions occuring in the body. The metabolizing cells become the basis of body temp.
  22. What is excessive growth of hair called?
  23. How does melenin affect hair color?
    More melanin gives off dark hair, less melanin produces blonde hair.
  24. How does poor oxygenation affect your nail color?
    It makes the blood appear bluish red in which makes the nails appear bluish.
  25. How much heat does the resting brain produce?
  26. What are 2 types of sweat glands?
    Apocrine and eccrine
  27. Where is the Lunula located?
    Base of the nail
  28. What is attached to the hair follicle that is a group of smooth muscle cells?
    Arrector pili
  29. What many factors can be affected by the amount of heat produced?
    • Food consumption
    • Physical activity
    • Amounts & types of hormones secreted
  30. What inner part of the body reflect the higher core temp?
    • Cranial Cavity
    • Thoracic Cavity
    • Abdominal Cavity
  31. What are the more surface areas that reflect the cooler shell temp called?
    Skin and mouth
  32. What is the covering that resembles cream cheese that babies are born with?
    Vernix caseosa
  33. What is a condition that indicates that the fingertips have recieved an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood over a period of time?
  34. What disorder is characterized by redness, lesions, and scales?
  35. A skin disorder in which sebaceous glands secrete sebum is called?
  36. What is it called when our body looses heat by coming in contact with a cooler object?
  37. Most heat loss occurs through?
    The skin
  38. Give an example of dermatitis?
    Poison ivy
  39. Name a chronic condition that affects the skin?
  40. What are the 2 most common types of skin cancer?
    Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma
  41. What type of burn only affects the epidermis?
    First degree
  42. A full thickness burn is called?
    Third degree burn
  43. The Sypmtoms of a second degree burn are?
    • Damage to the epidermis and dermis.
    • May include redness, pain, edema, and blister formation.