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What are reversal factors that contribute to heat loss in infants?
The neonate gererally has a large surface area, only has a thin layer of subcutaneous fat, the neonate cannot shiver.
What is normothermia?
The normal range of body temp. from 97F - 99.6F
What is BAT?
A neonate has brown adipose tissue.
Where is the thermostat of the body located?
What happens to the body when temperature increases?
Blood vessels dialate giving flushed appearance. Sweat Glands become more active.
The part of the membrane that covers the outside of the organ is called?
Nervous tissue is found where?
Peripheral nerves, brains, and the spinal cord.
The part of the membrane that lines the wall of the cavity is called?
The 3 serous membranes are?
Which types of connective tissue have a liquid intercellular matrix?
Blood and lymph
What kind of forms has dense fibrous connectic tissue?
Where is Hyaline cartilage located?
- -the larynx
- -the ends of long bones
- -the joints
- -the area between the breastbone and the ribs
What are 3 types of cartilage connective tissue?
How do hormones affect the body temp of a person who has thyroid disease?
The hypothyroid person generally has a lower than normal body temp, but the hyperthyroid person has an elevated temp.
What will happen if poor oxygen and nutrition reach the nail?
The nail will brittle.
Which hormones influenced hair growth?
By sex hormone estrogen and testosterone.
What are 2 major exocrine glands that associate with the skin and what do they secrete?
Sebacceous glands secrete sebum and sweat glands secrete sweat.
How does body temp maintain and uses what mechanism?
Body temp is maintained by balancing heat production through thermoregulation
What happens when the sebaceous glands become blocked by sebum or debris?
It becomes a blackhead and when it gets infected it becomes a pimple.
What is the normal body temp?
97F - 100F
What produces the heat in our bodies?
Millions of chemical reactions occuring in the body. The metabolizing cells become the basis of body temp.
What is excessive growth of hair called?
How does melenin affect hair color?
More melanin gives off dark hair, less melanin produces blonde hair.
How does poor oxygenation affect your nail color?
It makes the blood appear bluish red in which makes the nails appear bluish.
How much heat does the resting brain produce?
What are 2 types of sweat glands?
Apocrine and eccrine
Where is the Lunula located?
Base of the nail
What is attached to the hair follicle that is a group of smooth muscle cells?
What many factors can be affected by the amount of heat produced?
- Food consumption
- Physical activity
- Amounts & types of hormones secreted
What inner part of the body reflect the higher core temp?
- Cranial Cavity
- Thoracic Cavity
- Abdominal Cavity
What are the more surface areas that reflect the cooler shell temp called?
Skin and mouth
What is the covering that resembles cream cheese that babies are born with?
What is a condition that indicates that the fingertips have recieved an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood over a period of time?
What disorder is characterized by redness, lesions, and scales?
A skin disorder in which sebaceous glands secrete sebum is called?
What is it called when our body looses heat by coming in contact with a cooler object?
Most heat loss occurs through?
Give an example of dermatitis?
Name a chronic condition that affects the skin?
What are the 2 most common types of skin cancer?
Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma
What type of burn only affects the epidermis?
A full thickness burn is called?
Third degree burn
The Sypmtoms of a second degree burn are?
- Damage to the epidermis and dermis.
- May include redness, pain, edema, and blister formation.