History 9-16 Vocabulary

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History 9-16 Vocabulary
2010-03-22 17:30:36

Vocabulary Words
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  1. loyalist
    was American colonist that remined loyal to the Kindgom of Great Britian & the monarchy also refered to as theTorries & 15 to 20% of white popluation was a loyalist.
  2. Horation Gates
    A Major US General he was a British soldier turned American solider during the Revolutionary War, he took credit for the Battle of Saratoga he was also blamed for the defeat at The Battle of Camden.
  3. Nathaniel Green
    George Washington's most gifted & dependable officer
  4. Bernardo De Galvez
    Spanish military leader & General of Spanish forces in New Spain who served as Governor for Louisana & Cuba, he adided the 13 colonies into Independence & led armies against Britain armies in the Revolutionary War at Pensecola and reconqring Florida.
  5. Hessians
    German soliders in the 18th century hired through their rulers in the British Empire to fight against the American rebels in the Revolutionary War.
  6. Patrick Henry
    served as 1st & 6th post colonial Governor of Virginia known for saying "give me liberty or give me death" he was also a founding father as well as Samual Adams & Thomas Paine, he was also a radical Republican who opposed the replacement of the Articles of Confederation.
  7. Daniel Shay
    American soldier, farmer, revolutionary famous for leading Shay's rebellion. He never allowed a portriat of himself to be made so his apperance is unknown.
  8. Federalist
    describes several political beliefs around the world who belived in the Constitution.
  9. Great Compromise
    was an agreement between small & large states during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787, it designed the the legislature structure & represent each state that would have been under the United States
  10. North Ordinance
    was an act of Congress of the Confederation of the United States primarily effecting the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory of US out of the South Region of the Great Lakes North & South West of the Ohio River & East of the Mississippi
  11. cabinet
    is a body of high ranking members of goverment typically representing the Executive branch. Or known as the Council of Ministries or an Executive Council
  12. Assumption
    a proposition that is taken for granted, as if were true based presumption without preounderance of the facts
  13. Strict Construction
    refers to a particular legal philosophy of judicial interpretention that limits or restricts judicial interpretation in the United States
  14. Sequoya
    a silversmith & a Cherokee leader who invented the syllabus for his people to write and read but he never learned English himself
  15. XYZ affair
    a diplomatic episode that soured relations between France & the United States and led to undeclared Naval War called Quasi War from 1798-1800
  16. Infant Industries
    a new industry in the early stages that wasn't able to compete with established competitors abroad, but was supported by Goverments through tariffs
  17. Thomas Hart Benton
    US Political leader "Old Buillion" he was a hothead that dueled Andrew Jackson and left a bullet lodged in his chest till he died. He was also censored for holding documents concerning the Bank of the United States
  18. Second Bank of the United States
    a convient way to handle the countries money after the War of 1812, it was created after the 1st bank went in debit. They increased land value & lent out money to anyone this became the biggest fraud the bank had made creating the economic bubble that created the Panic of 1819
  19. Erie Canal
    an artificial water way connecting New York City and the Great Lakes via the Hudson River right out to the Atlantic Ocean. It was an enexpensive way of transportation and increased trade
  20. The American System
    an economic plan, a merchantilist plan based on the American school idea of Alexander Hamilton, expanding by Frederich List consisting of high tariffs to support internal improvements like streets, banks and our national currency all by Henry Clay.
  21. the Panic of 1819
    America's first great economic crisis & depression by restrictions such as famine & wartime blockade. Changed production & exchange when the financial institutions were in crisis but it did established the first printed dollar bill. Becoming a boom-bust cycle the people weren't used to it so they panicked then began the Feel good era
  22. The Era of Good Feelings
    period of US National unity & complacency, during this time the decline of the Federalist and establishment of 2 National Banks
  23. The Monroe Doctrine
    US Policy made by James Monroe's message to Congress but written by John Quincy Adams in 1823 for the Europeans to recognize the United States.
  24. The Cottage Industry
    an industry where creation of products & services is home based rather than factory made being more unique then mass produced
  25. Eli Whitney
    the inventor of the Cotton Gin & a pioneer in the mass production of Cotton, it automatically seperated the cotton seed
  26. Francis Cabott Lowell
    he devised an efficiant power loom & spinning aparatus, the 1st mill converted raw cotton into finished cloth causing the growth of New England Industry
  27. John Caldwell Calhoun
    Secutary of War and Vice President known for his rally cries " States rights, nullification" he opposed tariffs on manufacturing & defense of slavery
  28. William H. Crawford
    Senator of Georgia, who was elected to the US Senate then became the secetary of War for President Maddison, Treasury then died as a Judge for the Northern Circuit.
  29. Nullification Crisis
    was when South Carolina refused to pay the tariffis that President Jackson set up, Jackson had to threated with voluntered military force so then they gave up.
  30. National-Republican
    political party formed after the Jeffersonian Republic party split, Henry Clay & John Adams called themselves National-Republican until after 1828 election they were called Democrates
  31. Henry Clay
    US Statesman who supported Missouri Compromise, tariff in 1833 ending the nullification, the Compromise of of 1850 to balance the rights of frees and slave states
  32. William Henry Harrison
    9th president of the United States, a military officer who died in office and the oldest and the last to be born before the United States Declaration of Independance
  33. Peggy Eaton Affair
    the petticoat affair of 1830-1831 involving President Andrew Jackson cabinet and their wives who hated Peggy and thought of her as un lady like making the Vice President Calhoun to resign from office.
  34. Bank of the United States
    the first bank to be charted by The United States Congress to handle the financial needs of the central goverment
  35. John Tyler
    the 1st Vice president to be elevated to the office of president by the death of his Predecessor
  36. Whigs
    a member of the 18th & 19th century British political party a supporter of the war against the English during the American Revolution formed to oppose the Democratic Party & favoring high tariffs & a loose interpratation of the Constitution