CNS and psych drugs.csv

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Anonymous
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116179
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CNS and psych drugs.csv
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2011-11-11 21:21:27
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CNS psych nursing pharm
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cns and psych drugs
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  1. interferon beta 1b (betaseron)
    immunemodulator, used to treat MS
  2. Mitoxantrone (novantrone)
    immunosuppressant used to treat MS
  3. phenytoin (Dilantin)
    used to treat seazues, inhibits sodium entry into hyperactive neurons
  4. carbamazepine (Tegretol)
    used to treat Epilepsy, also used for BP
  5. Valproic Acid (Depakene, Depakote, Depacon)
    Used to treat all seizure disorders, also bipolor. Blocs NA and Ca channels
  6. gabapentin (Neurontin)
    use seizures with and wouth secondary generalization
  7. pregabalin (Lyrica)
    used to treat seizures, discontinue gradually
  8. oxcarbazepine (Trileptal)
    similar to carbamazepine, blocs neuronal NA channels. Used for trigerminal neuroalgia, more expensive but better tolorated, reduce oral contraceptive effects
  9. cyclobenzaprine (Amrix, Flexeril)
    used to treat spasm
  10. baclofen (Lioresal)
    used to treat spasticity, relieves spasticity of MS, CP and spinal cord injury, titrage dose gradualy abrubpt stop could cause death
  11. diazepam (Valium)
    benzodiazepine family, used for spasticity or spasm, causes sedation
  12. chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
    andypsychotic, low potency; block receptors of dopamine, Ach, histamine, norepinephrine
  13. loxapine (Loxitane)
    antipsychotic, medium potency; block receptors of dopamine, Ach, histamine, norepinephrine
  14. haloperidol (Haldol)
    antipsychotic, high potency; block receptors of dopamine, Ach, histamine, norepinephrine
  15. Clozapine (Clozaril)
    atypical antipsychotic, blocks dopamine and serotonin; only used in schizophrenia, may cause Agranulocytosis pt MUST report signs of infection
  16. risperidone (Risperdal)
    andipsychotic
  17. ziprasidone (geodon)
    antipsychotic, BP
  18. Imipramine (Tofranil)
    tricyclic antidepressant, action potentiate effects of norepinephrine & serotonin by blocking reuptake, Cholinergic blockade
  19. amitriptyline (Elavil)
    tricyclic antidepressant, action potentiate effects of norepinephrine & serotonin by blocking reuptake, Cholinergic blockade
  20. fluoxetine (Prozac)
    SSRI ADR serotonin syndrom
  21. Serotonin Syndrom
    anxity, shivering, diaphoresis, tremor, hyperreflexia, autonomic instability, malignant hyperthermia
  22. duloxetine (Cymbalta)
    SNRI
  23. isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), tranylcypromine (Parnate)
    MAO-I, interacts with tyramine contaning food, meperidine (demerol)
  24. bupropion (Wellbutrin, Zyban)
    smoking cessation
  25. Lithium
    BP, euphoric mania, excretion reduced when NA level low, plasma level 0.4-1.0mEq/L
  26. Benzodiazepines, alprazolam (Xanax) & midazolam (Versed)
    potentiage GABA
  27. ramelteon (Rozeram)
    sleep aid, binds to melatonin receptor
  28. Buspirone (BuSpar)
    anti anxiety
  29. methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta)
    CNS stimulant ritalin short acting, Concerta long acting
  30. atomexetine (Straterra)
    non stimulent ADHD, NE reuptake inhibitor

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