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9-45-1010Provide position information when and with reference to? a-e.
- When req'd by circumstances or when requested by another ATC unit.
- a. A bearing or track and distance from any significant point. (bearing may be magnetic or as points of a compass). Or
- b. A well known geographical point
- c. A distance to touch if the a/c is on final approach
- d. A distance to touch as track miles to run.
- e. A distance and direction from the centreline of an ATS route.
9-45-1380 When terminating vectoring provide a/c with? a-d
- a. Position information including displacement from nominal track (if applicable).
- b. A heading as necessary to intercept the nominal track of a pilot interp navaid appropriate to its cleared route or
- c. A clrnce dct to a pilot interp navaid (eg Ndb or vor) for interception of its cleared route. Or
- d. A clrnce dct to an RNAV wp for intcpt of the a/c's clrd route for RNAV a/c or non-approvex RNAV a/c under atsss ctrl.
9-45-280 Describe ident using known airborne time.
Correlate an observed radar position indication with a known airborne time and rwy used by a departing aircraft, provided that the ident is established within 1nm of the end of the rwy used
9-45-290 Describe ident by correlation with manoeuvres.
Correlate an observed radad position indication with manouevres executed by a departing a/c, which acknowledged instructions, provided that established ident is within 3nm of the radar sensor.
9-45-1030 When to provide position info? (a-h).
- a. On ident unless id is established:
- 1. Based on a pilot's report of the a/c's position
- 2. W/i 1nm of the rwy on dep, if the observed pos is consistant with the a/c's time of departure or
- 3. By use of Ads-b a/c ident, ssr mode s a/c id or assigned discrete SSR code if the location of the observed position indication is consistent with the current flight plan of the aircraft or
- 4. By transfer of ident
- b. After first contact with apr as soon as distance to touchdown becomes evident
- c. When a pilot requests
- d. When an id'd a/c's reported position differs significantly from it observed position
- e. When an identified a/c is observed to have deviated from its previously approved or advised route
- f. When the aircraft is resuming its own nav after vectors
- h. When a regular cct pattern is used to vector and a/c onto final, at least once on each leg and;
- h. When provided with a straight in final app- at least once before the commencement of final app
9-45-1410 When vectoring, assign altitudes no lower than?
the minimum assignable altitude specified on a civil or military RTCC.
9-45-1470 You may permit an aircraft being vectored or given a direct routing in VMC by day to arrange its own terrain clearance, provided?
that the responsibility is specifically assigned to the pilot.
9-10-610* Unless the pilot has already advised action is being taken to resolve the situation or has reported the other aircraft in sight, issue a Safety Alert to the aircraft as a priority, when you become aware that the aircraft is in a situation that is ?
considered to place it in unsafe proximity to terrain, obstructions, active restricted areas or other aircraft.
9-10-660 9-10-670 Issue Safety Alerts on becoming aware that aircraft are too close to
terrain or obstructions, using the following phraseology:
ATC: “(callsign) LOW ALTITUDE ALERT, CHECK YOUR ALTITUDE IMMEDIATELY... (followed by advice on the minimum altitude appropriate to the aircraft's position)
9-10-1135* To assist the pilot in identifying the other aircraft, include relevant information from the following:
- a. aircraft identification
- b. type, and description if unfamiliar
- c. position information
- d. estimated time of passing or closest point of approach
- e. direction of flight or route of aircraft
- f. level
- g. intentions of the pilot, such as:
- 1. initial departure track and intended cruising level
- 2. inbound track or direction, level and next estimate.
- h. advice that an aircraft is not yet on the appropriate frequency.
9-10-1145* Provide position information by:
- a. clock reference or
- b. bearing and distance or
- c. relation to a geographical point or
- d. reported position and estimate or
- e. position in the circuit.
9-15-140* Include the following when issuing a clearance:
- a. aircraft identification
- b. destination, area of operation, position or clearance limit
- c. route of flight
- d. assigned level, except when this element is included in the SID description.
9-15-150 You may include any additional instructions in a clearance, such as:
- a. a level requirement
- b. departure type for IFR flights
- c. SSR code
- d. frequency requirements
9-15-190* The clearance - and its amendments during the flight - only apply: (a-e)?
- a. to the first point at which the aircraft leaves controlled airspace; or
- b. to the first landing point if the flight is wholly within controlled airspace; or
- c. to the clearance limit if issued; or
- d. until the expiration of a clearance void time; or
- e. until cancelled by a Controller.
9-15-220 You may use the phrase FLIGHT PLANNED ROUTE to describe?
any route or portion of route that is identical to that filed in the flight notification after providing sufficient route details to definitely establish the aircraft on its route.
9-15-350 A description of a holding path to be flown at a clearance limit is not required when:
- a. the holding fix is published in aeronautical documents
- b. it has been imposed temporarily, and it is expected that the requirement to hold will have lapsed before the aircraft arrives at the designated holding fix.
9-15-360* When a clearance limit is cancelled, issue ? specifying ? &?
an onwards clearance specifying the level and route to be flown from that point.
9-15-370 If the route and/or level issued in the initial airways clearance is not in accordance with the Flight Plan, prefix the route and/or level
clearance with ?
9-15-390* When an airways clearance is amended en route, prefix the route and/or level information with the term ? to indicate to the pilot that a change has been made to the previous clearance and this new clearance supersedes the previous clearance or part thereof.
9-15-400* Assign a ? with all clearance changes regardless of whether a change has been made to the initially cleared ?.
9-15-420* What part of an ATC route clearance must be read back?
Obtain a readback of an ATC route clearance in its entirety, as well as any amendments.
9-15-430* Obtain a readback of the key elements of the following ATC
clearances, instructions and information:
- a. en route holding instructions
- b. any route and holding point specified in a taxi clearance
- c. any clearances or instructions to hold short of, enter, land on, conditional line up on, wait, take-off from, cross, taxi or backtrack on, any runway
- d. any approach clearance
- e. assigned runway, altimeter settings directed to specific aircraft, radio and radio navigation aid frequency instructions
- f. SSR codes, data link logon codes and
- g. level instructions, direction of turn, heading and speed instructions.
9-15-440* - Are pilots required to read back an expectation of the runway to be used?
Pilots are not required to read back an expectation of the runway to be used.
9-15-810* When may you issue a SPECIAL VFR clearance for a VFR flight? ? + (a-e)?
- At pilot request, you may issue a SPECIAL VFR clearance for a
- VFR flight:
- a. within a CTR; or
- b. in a control area next to a CTR for the purpose of entering or leaving the zone; and
- c. by day; and
- d. when VMC do not exist; and
- e. an IFR flight will not be unduly delayed.
9-20-250 Standard Pressure Region are precluded from use when:
? HPA - FL?
? HPA -FL?
? HPA -FL?
? HPA -FL?
- QNH is less than Flight Level not available
- 1013 HPA - FL110
- 997 HPA -FL115
- 980 HPA -FL120
- 963 HPA -FL125
9-20-420 - Provide an aircraft descending in controlled airspace with a Local
QNH when ?
it is first assigned an altitude.
9-25-205 Minimum assignable level Assign levels no lower than the MSA or LSALT unless: a or b?
- a. you are providing a surveillance service from a TCU and assigning levels specified on an RTCC or
- b. the pilot has accepted responsibility for terrain clearance.
9-25-260 Assign levels, taking into account: (a-e)?
- a. separation
- b. terrain clearance
- c. the tables of cruising levels
- d. provision for radio failure
- e. priority
9-25-310 Only consider non‐conforming level requests from pilots whenaccompanied by the phrase ? ?
9-25-360 When an aircraft is descending to leave controlled airspace, provide clearance to ?
LEAVE CONTROL AREA DESCENDING.
9-25-365 VMC certain Append ??? to the clearance if ??? and ???
- the lowest safe altitude for the final route segment is within controlled airspace and the pilot is visual.
9-25-370 - If the lowest safe altitude for the final route segment is within the control area, and it is not certain that VMC exists: (a-c)?
- a. clear the aircraft to the lowest safe altitude; and
- b. instruct the aircraft to report approach intentions at that altitude; and
- c. issue further clearances as required.
9-25-510* You may assign a pilot a level below LSALT provided that: (a-c)?
- a. the pilot has reported VISUAL; and
- b. VISUAL is appended to the level assigned; and
- c. by night, you prefix the clearance with WHEN ESTABLISHED IN THE CIRCLING AREA.
9-25-545 You may assign military pilots a level below LSALT at night in VMC provided that: (a-c)?
- a. the assignment is issued as ‘not above’ a level at least as high as the LSALT
- b. the level is expressly initiated by the pilot using the phrase REQUEST (altitude) VISUAL and
- c. the word VISUAL is appended to the level.
9-25-560* You may assign military pilots a level below LSALT in IMC provided that: a, b?
- a. the level is expressly initiated by the pilot using the phrase REQUEST (altitude) MILITARY TERRAIN CLEARANCE; and
- b. MILITARY TERRAIN CLEARANCE is appended to the level assigned.
9-25-580* 9-25-590* 9-25-595* You may clear pilot in receipt of a CASA exemption to CAR 174B (VFR Flights at Night) to operate below LSALT Ensure the assigned level does not prevent the pilot operating at, or climbing to, LSALT, by stating:
ATC: (clearance) NOT ABOVE (LSALT) or (higher level if requested)
9-25-610 Assign levels to VFR aircraft to provide a buffer of at least ? with the base of CTA.
500 FT with the base of CTA.
9-25-620 Where the base control area is a VFR level:a. assign levels to IFR aircraft to provide a buffer of at least ? FT with the base of CTA; or
b. where an IFR aircraft is operating less than ? FT below the CTA base, assign levels to aircraft that may come into conflict with that IFR aircraft to provide a buffer of at least ? FT with the base of CTA.
9-25-630 - Where the base of CTA is an IFR level:
a. assign levels to IFR aircraft to provide a buffer of at least ? FT with the base of CTA; or
b. provide a buffer of at least ? FT if no IFR traffic is operating at the base of CTA.
9-25-715 Repeat ?/? issued by ATC in air-ground communications in conjunction with subsequent level clearances in order for them to remain in effect.
9-25-720 Whenever a restriction/requirement has been imposed and a further restriction/requirement is required, the subsequent instruction cancels all previous restrictions/requirements unless: a or b?
- a. all restrictions/requirements are restated; or
- b. you prefix the subsequent instruction with FURTHER REQUIREMENT.
9-30-210 Responsibilities when applying speed control: (a-f)?
- a. avoid alternate decreases and increases in speed
- b. avoid the use of minimum speed when a higher speed is practicable
- c. do not vary the final approach speed
- d. advise the pilot of future intentions
- e. advise the pilot to resume desired speed as soon as the application of speed control is no longer necessary
- f. make speed adjustments judiciously in advance of the point at which the new speed is required, depending on the aircraft type and amount of adjustment involved.
9-30-235 Do not apply speed control to ? or ? flights
formation or fuel critical flights.
9-45-220 -To establish identification and to verify ATS surveillance system derived information, ensure that departing aircraft report: a-d?
- a. direction of turn
- b. initial heading
- c. altitude through which the aircraft is passing to the nearest
- 100 FT; and
- d. last assigned level.
9-45-250* Establish identification by one of the following methods:
- a. correlate an alpha-numeric label with an aircraft’s ATS surveillance system position indication provided the correlation is consistent with the aircraft’s expected position
- b. transfer of identification
- c. observation of compliance with an instruction to:
- 1. operate the Special Position Identification (SPI)
- 2. change to a specific SSR code
- 3. transmit ADS-B IDENT.
9-45-260 - Identification by position report
Not applicable in Tower services correlate a particular ATS surveillance system position indication: a-d
- a. with an aircraft reporting its position over, or as a bearing and distance from, a point displayed on the system map; and
- b. by ascertaining that the track of the particular ATS surveillance system position indication is consistent with the aircraft path or reported heading; and
- c. when an aircraft reporting position by visual reference to a point observe aircraft over that point; and
- d. taking into account tolerances in the reported position and in the ATS surveillance system displayed position
9-45-270 - Identification by turning an aircraft
Not applicable in Tower services ascertain the aircraft heading, if circumstances require, and following a period of track observation: a-d?
- a. instruct the pilot to execute one or more changes of heading of 30 degrees or more and correlating the movements of one particular ATS surveillance system position indication with the
- aircraft’s acknowledged execution of the instructions given; or
- b. correlate the movements of one particular ATS surveillance system position indication with a turn or turns of 30 degrees or more executed by an aircraft having so reported
- c. verify that the movements are not more than one ATS surveillance system position indication with those of the aircraft; and
- d. ensure that the manoeuvre(s) do not carry the aircraft outsidecoverage of the ATS surveillance system or the situation display area.
9-45-710 When relaying the identification of an aircraft from one Controller to another, and transfer of control is not effected, the relaying
Controller advises??? The receiving Controller acknowledges identification by ??
- Relaying Controller FOR IDENT (callsign)(additional coordination remarks if required)
- Receiving Controller (callsign) (additional remarks if required)
9-45-720 - Effect transfer of identification by one of the following methods:
- a. designation of the position indication by automated means, provided that only one position is indicated and there is no doubt as to the correct identification
- b. notification of the aircraft’s discrete SSR code or aircraft address
- c. notification that the aircraft is SSR Mode S equipped with an aircraft identification feature when SSR Mode S coverage is available
- d. notification that the aircraft is ADS-B equipped with an ACID feature when ADS-B coverage is available
- e. direct designation (pointing with the finger) of the position indication, on a shared or an adjacent situation display (see Clause 9-45-730)
- f. designation of the position indication by reference to, or in terms of bearing and distance from, a geographical position or navigational facility accurately indicated on both situational
- displays (see Clause 9-45-740)
- g. instruct the aircraft to change SSR code and the change is observed by the accepting Controller (see Clause 9-45-750)
- h. instruct the aircraft to SQUAWK IDENT or TRANSMIT ADS-B IDENT and the change is observed by the accepting Controller
- (see Clause 9-45-750).
9-45-920 Do not transfer responsibility for an aircraft until the receiving Controller advises that identification is complete by use of the phrase:
- Transferring Controller THAT IS..... (callsign)
- Receiving Controller ACCEPT..... (callsign)
9-45-1330 Do not vector:
- a. aircraft displayed as a flight plan position symbol or ADS-C position symbol; or
- b. aircraft displayed as an ATS surveillance system position symbol for the purpose of remaining clear of an aircraft displayed as a flight plan or ADS-C position symbol when a procedural separation standard has not been established; or
- c. special VFR aircraft, except when warranted by emergency conditions; or
- d. an aircraft that is OCTA, except when warranted by emergency conditions.
10-10-320* Tactical separation assurance places greater emphasis on trafficplanning and conflict avoidance rather than conflict resolution andrequires that Controllers: (a-d)
- a. be proactive in applying separation to avoid rather than resolveconflicts
- b. plan traffic to guarantee rather than achieve separation
- c. execute the plan so as to guarantee separation; and
- d. monitor the situation to ensure that plan and execution areeffective.
10-10-350* - Visiting aircraft Vary procedures, after appropriate consultation, for visiting
military aircraft only ?
- to the extent approved at that aircraft's home
10-10-810* 10-10-820* If during an emergency situation, such as radar failure, it is not possible to ensure that the applicable procedural separation minima will be maintained, you may temporarily use half the applicable vertical separation minima, which are? and issue what ?
- 500 FT Below FL290 or in RVSM airspace
- 1000 FT At or above FL290 in non-RVSM
Issue traffic information to affected aircraft. airspace
10-12-340 - You may apply ATS surveillance system separation between an aircraft taking off and a preceding departing aircraft, or other ATS surveillance system controlled traffic, provided:
- a. there is reasonable assurance that the departing aircraft will be identified within the prescribed distance of the end of the runway; and
- b. the disposition and relative performances of all aircraft concerned are such that, under normal operation, or with the provision of an initial heading to the aircraft about to depart,
- ATS surveillance system separation will exist and will continue to exist.
10-12-420 You may reduce the horizontal radar separation minimum (as stated in Clause 10-12-410) to 3 NM, provided that the aircraft are in communication with and under the control of either a TCU or an associated Control Tower providing Class C or Class D services, and are:
- a. within 100 NM of an MSSR sensor; or
- b. within 30 NM of a radar sensor using:
- 1. military high definition (scan rate of 12 RPM or greater)
- Terminal Approach Radar (TAR); or
- 2. primary data from a civil high definition TAR (scan rate of
- 16.4 RPM).
10-35-220* Verify accuracy of pressure altitude-derived level display: a-c
- a. on initial contact with an aircraft; or
- b. if not feasible, as soon as possible after initial contact and prior
- to use
- c. where continuous monitoring has not been carried out.
10-35-230* Verify accuracy of pressure altitude-derived level display by simultaneous comparison with:
- a. altimeter-derived level information received from the same aircraft by radiotelephony; or
- b. the aerodrome elevation during the take-off roll, provided that the level information subsequently indicates a positive climb after take-off.
10-35-260* -The tolerance for pressure altitude-derived level information displayed is?
+/- 200 FT.
10-35-270 When the displayed pressure altitude-derived level information differs from the pilot reported or known altitude by more than 200 FT:
- a. advise pilot
- b. request check of pressure setting
- c. confirm current level.
10-35-280 Where there is a continuing discrepancy after confirmation of the correct pressure setting:
- a. request the pilot to stop pressure altitude data transmission provided there is no loss of position and identification information; and
- b. advise the next control position or ATC unit for the aircraft of the action taken.
10-35-300* Determine level occupancy by verified pressure altitude-derived level information as follows: Maintaining a level? Vacating a level? Passing a level in climb or descent? Reaching a level?
- Level Occupancy Level Information
- Maintaining a level: Within +/- 200 FT of the assigned level.
- Vacating a level: A change of 400 FT or more in the anticipated direction from the previously assigned level.
- Passing a level in climb or descent: Passed the level in the required direction by 400 FT or more.
- Reaching a level: The greater of three consecutive renewals of display updates or at least 15 seconds have passed indicating it was within +/- 200 FT of theassigned level.
10-35-910* Apply Minima V1 - 500 FT between? when?
- IFR and VFR flights (including
- SVFR), or between SVFR flights where SVFR clearance is due to visibility, under the following conditions:
- a. both aircraft are 7000 kg MTOW or less
- b. both aircraft are at or below 10 000 FT
- c. traffic information is provided to the IFR flight, unless it is impracticable.
10-35-930* Apply Minima V2 - 1000 FT to: a, b?
- a. all aircraft, up to and including FL290
- b. aircraft with RVSM approval except military formation flights, operating in airspace providing Class A service from FL290 to FL410 inclusive.
10-35-950 Apply Minima V3 - 2000 FT:
c. 1, 2, 3
- a. in known standing wave conditions or severe turbulence at all levels
- b. above FL410 to all aircraft
- c. from FL290 to FL410 inclusive:
- 1. to aircraft when at least one is not RVSM approved or following pilot report of an inability to comply with RVSM due to equipment failure or an encounter with turbulence that affects the capability to maintain flight level
- 2. military formation flights regardless of the individual RVSM approval state of each aircraft within the formation.
10-35-970 Apply Minima V4 - 3000 FT
- at all levels when one or more aircraft
- is operating at supersonic speeds.
10-40-210* Wake turbulence separation minima is determined on a grouping of aircraft types into four categories according to the maximum certified take-off weight as follows:
J, H, M, L?
- J A380
- H 136 000 KG or more
- M less than 136 000 KG but more than
- 7000 KG
- L 7000 KG or less
10-40-220* Due to the wake turbulence characteristics of the ?, ? and ?, for the purpose of wake turbulence separation, classify these aircraft as Heavy aircraft if leading and as Medium aircraft if following.
B757, H47 and H53
10-40-235* 10-40-245* Except when specified in Clause 10-40-285, apply wake turbulence separation minima in all controlled airspace when an aircraft is operating: ? Note?
directly behind another aircraft at the same level or less than 1000 FT below.
Note: When applying wake turbulence separation criteria, directly behind means an aircraft is operating within 760 m laterally of the track of the leading aircraft.
10-40-285* When is wake Turb sep not required: a-e?
- a. when a Light aircraft will cross or follow the track of a Medium fixed wing aircraft of less than 25 000 KG MTOW
- b. between an aircraft landing behind an aircraft taking-off on the same runway
- c. if a pilot has initiated a waiver of the relevant departure wake turbulence separation minimum
- d. for VFR flights in relation to a preceding Heavy or Medium aircraft, except on departure
- e. when the pilot of an IFR flight has reported the preceding aircraft in sight and has accepted responsibility for visual separation with that aircraft, except on departure.
10-40-335* Issue a wake turbulence caution in any of the following circumstances: (a-d&e)
- a. less than the applicable wake turbulence separation minimamay exist
- b. the applied wake turbulence separation minima may beinfringed
- c. the pilot initiates a waiverd. when wake turbulence separation is not provided incircumstances described in 10‐40‐285
- d. and e. and you consider that wake turbulence may have an adverse affect on theaircraft.
10-40-512* Distance‐based Wake TurbulenceStandards.
Heavy leading, Heavy/medium/light following?
Medium fixed wing >25000kg & all medium helos, with light following?
Super leading, Heavy/medium/light following?
4 5 6 5 - 6 7 8
10-50-210* You may only assign responsibility for visual separation to a pilot when 3 parts?
- -both aircraft are operating at or below 10 000 FT
- -and the pilot of one aircraft reports sighting the other aircraft
- -and is instructed to maintain visual separation with, pass behind or follow that aircraft.
10-50-270* When an aircraft is instructed to maintain separation from or pass behind an IFR aircraft, issue ? including?
traffic information to the IFR aircraft, including advice of assignment of responsibility for separation to other aircraft.
10-60-520 The basis for separating formation aircraft from other airspace users is determined by the formation type: a-c?
- a. Close formation when aircraft are in close formation, they are considered to be one aircraft. Separation between this type of formation and other airspace users is based on the lead aircraft.
- b. Standard formation when aircraft are in standard formation, they may be manoeuvred up to 1 NM either side of, co-altitude with and up to 1 NM behind the lead aircraft. Separation
- between this type of formation and other airspace users is based on the outer edges of these limits.
- c. Military tactical formation when aircraft are in military tactical formation, they occupy an airspace block defined in the flight notification. Base separation between military tactical
- formations and other airspace users on the outer limits of the airspace block.
10-60-610 When airborne, separation between aircraft within an in-company flight is the responsibility of ? this also includes?
- The individual pilots. This also includes periods of transition, when aircraft are manoeuvring to attain separation within the in-company flight, and during join up
- and break away.
10-60-620* - do you need to provide runway separation between aircraft elements of
11-10-310 When vectoring an aircraft for final approach:
- a. provide an intercept angle with the final approach track of 45 degrees or less
- b. advise the range from the aerodrome or position with referenceto the final approach point
- c. inform that the vector is to intercept the approach
- d. provide a clearance for the approach, when clearance has been authorised
- e. instruct the pilot to report when established on final approach track
- f. ensure that the aircraft is established on final approach track at least 2 NM before commencement of final approach.
11‐10‐330 When a pilot reports established on final approach track: a, b?
- a. advise the pilot of the aircraft’s distance to touchdown
- b. instruct the pilot to transfer to the tower frequency.
11-10-360 if assigning a vector that will take the aircraft through the final approach track advise the pilot what?
Advise the pilot the reason for the vector
11‐10‐375 Ensure an aircraft that has been vectored or subject to random tracking prior to intercepting an RNAV (RNP) approach at a published Latest Intercept Point (LIP) is established on a track to the LIP that does not result in a track change at the LIP of greater than ?? degrees.
11‐10‐380 When vectoring an RNAV(RNP) approach at the IAF, aircraft must be assigned:
a. a level ?? and;
b. aircraft can be cleared for the approach, without having to report established on the procedure if positioned to within ??
- a. not lower than the level depicted in the approach segment, where the aircraft intercepts the procedure
- b. a 30 degree segment of the TF leg or the tangent of the RF leg.
11-10-1290 You may instruct an aircraft to track via an instrument approach procedure and a level restriction assigned if the aircraft is:
- a. in VMC conducting instrument approach training; or
- b. a military aircraft conducting a:
- 1. non-precision approach; or
- 2. precision approach, provided clearance for the approach is issued in sufficient time for the aircraft to maintain the descent profile for the procedure being flown
11-10-1310 When a flight other than that described in clause 11-10-1320 is within ?? NM of an aerodrome, a visual approach may be authorised by day or night for:
- a. a VFR flight
- b. an IFR flight when:
- 1. the pilot has established and can continue flight to the aerodrome with continuous visual reference to the ground or water; and
- 2. the visibility along the flight path is not less than 5000 M (or by day, the aerodrome is in sight).
11-10-1315 Do not assign a ?? to aircraft cleared for a visual approach.
11-10-1320 In addition to the requirements of Clause 11-10-1310, with the exception of Australian and New Zealand operators and aircraft conducting independent visual approaches at Sydney, only assign Super or Heavy jet aircraft a visual approach when:
- a. specifically requested by the pilot and the pilot has reported the landing runway is in sight; or
- b. the straight-in approach aid is unserviceable.
11-15-220 When a departing aircraft is required to assume a heading following take-off, do what and what??
determine the heading and advise the Tower Controller as per Clauses 11-15-230 and 11-15-250.
11-15-230 11-15-240 For VFR flights by day or for IFR flights by day in VMC not departing via a SID, use phraseology: ? or ?
ATC: RUNWAY HEADING VISUAL or RIGHT/LEFT (degrees) VISUAL
11-15-250 11-15-260 For aircraft departing via a Radar SID a three digit numerical radar heading is to be coordinated, use phraseology:
ATC: HEADING/RIGHT/LEFT (degrees)
11-15-350* You may issue a visual departure in lieu of a SID:
- a. by day
- b. in VMC; and
- c. provided that the cloud base is such that the pilot can maintain flight in VMC below the MVA (ATS surveillance system environment) or MSA/LSALT (procedural environment).
11-15-360 Specify tracking instructions when: a-f
- a. SIDs are not published or
- b. a SID is cancelled or
- c. a visual departure clearance is issued in VMC by day in lieu of a SID or
- d. aircraft or ground based navigation aid(s) are not available or
- e. requested by Australian military aircraft or
- f. requested by foreign military aircraft approved by Defence or subject to a letter of agreement.
11-15-435 Issue departure instructions in the following order:
- a. callsign
- b. heading or tracking instructions, including turn requirements, except that a turn requirement may be omitted from the coordination where:
- 1. already specified in SID instructions; or
- 2. the heading issued for the Radar SID is within 5 degrees of the runway bearing; or
- 3. the departure track for a non-SID aircraft is within 5 degrees of the runway bearing
- c. altitude restrictions
- the word UNRESTRICTED if there is no altitude restriction (not transmitted to the aircraft).
1-10-140 Definitions starting with 'C'
What is a clean hand-off? (There may be other relevant definitions starting with C)
A surveillance system hand-off where there are no vertical restrictions or tracking restrictions within 45 degrees of the nominal forward track upon transfer to the receiving unit.
1-10-240* Definitions starting with 'M'
What is MARSA?
(There may be other relevant 'M')
- Military Authority Assumes Responsibility for Separation of Aircraft (MARSA):
- A procedure which authorises the pilots of military aircraft to assume responsibility for separation between their aircraft and other nominated military aircraft (or military contract civil aircraft).
2‐30‐447 Aircraft operating at the vertical limits of Prohibited Areas,Restricted Areas and Airspace Reservations are/are not separated from activities within those airspaces?
Yes. They are separated.
4-10-230* 4-10-240* What are the ATC responsibilities during an RA?
When clear of conflict?
4-15-220* Who is responsible for declaration of the phase appropriate to the emergency situation?
The ATS Officer first becoming aware of an aircraft operating in other than normal circumstances, and there is doubt concerning the aircraft's safety,
4-15-650* Acknowledge emergency communication by?
- a. callsign
- b. station identification
- c. ROGER MAYDAY/PAN PAN.
4-15-660* On first establishment of communication with an aircraft that has declared an emergency to a previous agency, indicate knowledgeof the emergency by use of the appropriate phrase:
- ATC: PAN PAN [Type of emergency] ACKNOWLEDGED.
- ATC: MAYDAY [Type of emergency] ACKNOWLEDGED.
4-15-910* Act in accordance with:
- a. Unlawful Interference procedures upon receiving an alert associated with Transponder Code 7500
- b. Aircraft Radio/Communications Failure procedures upon receiving an alert associated with Transponder Code 7600
- c. Emergency procedures upon receiving an alert associated with Transponder Code 7700.
4-15-1680* Military aircraft advise low fuel states as follows:
MINIMUM FUEL means?
EMERGENCY FUEL means?
- MINIMUM FUEL The pilot requires priority for landing.
- EMERGENCY FUEL Advised in conjunction with a PAN call when the aircraft is minimum fuel and is not being afforded enough priority.
4-15-1710 Airspace affected by the fuel dumped from an aircraft in flight is known as the ‘vapour zone’. It is defined as?
that airspace 1000 FT above, 2000 FT below, 5 NM horizontally behind, and ½ NM on each side of the aircraft.
4-15-1720 Treat all airspace in which dumping takes place as? from? till?
as reserved airspace from the time dumping is expected to commence until five minutes after it has been completed.
4-15-1730 Actions if fuel is dumped in an emergency, or fuel must be dumped without adequate warning or delay? a-d
- a. make every effort to keep other aircraft clear of the vapour zone
- b. note the area where the fuel was dumped
- c. record the weather conditions
- d. report the incident to the appropriate authority without delay.
4-15-1750 Actions if fuel is to be dumped in other than emergency situations? a, b?
- a. specify the section of a nominated track that may be used for dumping of fuel
- b. recommend the aircraft maintain a minimum height of 6000 FT AGL.
4-15-2140 Points to remember when providing assistance to a pilot operating in IMC, are: a-f?
- a. Positive identification.
- b. Check fuel reserves.
- c. Check of nearest available aerodrome.
- d. Instil confidence in the pilot.
- e. Keep instructions simple.
- f. Avoid transponder code changes as they can lead to disorientation.
4-15-2780 Actions when deviation into active restricted area is unavoidable? a-d
- a. upon entry, advise the pilot that they are no longer operating under a clearance and are proceeding at their own risk
- b. terminate control services
- c. continue to provide Flight Information and Alerting services
- d. declare an Alert Phase.
4-25-130* Maintain SARWATCH via:
b. 1 2 3
- a. continuous visual or surveillance monitoring, or
- b. a time nominated by ATS or a pilot which may include:
- 1. an estimate
- 2. a NOCOM time
- 3. a time to report, such as a SKED or an operations normal time.
6-30-380 When coordinating formation or in-company flights, include ???
For tactical formations or in-company flights, include ????
When coordinating formation or in-company flights, include the type of formation and dimensions if appropriate. For tactical formations or in-company flights, include the disposition of group members in the coordination.
6-30-730* In addition to the Pilots to- ATS readback requirements, read back? (5 things)
QNH and the words VISUAL, AMENDED, RECLEARED or CANCEL CLEARANCE
6-30-1310* Coordination Phraseology table
10-55-830, 10-55-840 Both refer to LAHSO. Only required at Darwin.
ERSA Emerg 1.5.4 What are the actions by an aircaft experiencing radio failure in controlled/restricted airspace, or IFR aircraft in any airspace?
- a. Squawk 7600
- b. Listen out on ATIS and/or voice modulateed NAVAIDS
- c. Transmit intentions and make normal position reports (assume Tx is operating and prefeix calls with TRANSMITTING BLIND)
- AND if in VMC and certain of maintaining VMC
- d. Stay in VMC and land at most suitable AD (special proc for Class D)
- if in IMC or unceratin of maintaining VMC
- e. if no clearance limit Rx & ack'd, proceed IAW latest ATC route clrnce and climb to planned lvl.
- f. If a clrnce limit w/ alt or route restriction has been Rx: i maintain last assigned lvl, or MSA if higher, for 3 min and/or
- ii. hold at nominated location for 3min, then
- iii. proceed IAW latest ATC route clrnce ack'd and climb to planned lvl.
- g. If Rx ATSSS: i. climb to MSA/LSALT &
- ii. if being vectored, maint last assigned vector for 2min, then
- iii. proceed IAW last ATC route clrnce ack'd.
- h. If holding:
- i. fly one more complete holding pattern, then:
- ii. proceed IAW last ATC route clrnce ack'd.
AIP ENR 1.2 para 2.2* What constitues VMC in Class C airspace? (flight vis and distance from cloud horizontal/vert)
At or above A100?
- Below A100: 5000m viz/1500mHorizontal/1000ft vert.
- At or above A100: 8km zi/1500m horizontal/1000ft vert.
FIHA ENR 1.1 para 6.4 How can military aircraft depart at night, not tracking via a SID?
- -must be suitably equipped
- -expressly initiated by the phrase "Request cancel SID, depart via tracking instructions"
- -In accepting the clearance, the AC accepts the responsibility for terrain clearance untill passing MVA or LSALT.
IFER checklist Critical initial actions* are?
4-15-310*, 320*, 330* (Declare and INCERFA/ALERFA/DETRESFA when?)
do not have cards. See the other cards titled Emergency phases in time sequence to learn these.
4-15-410*, 420*, 430* (distress phase tables) are in the cards titled Emergency phases in time sequence.
FIHA ENR 1.1 71.3 On first contact with Approach/Departures departing from, or the first ATC unit arriving at, an aerodrome; a formation shall advise a. what? b. Give example of details required in the call.
- a. The nature of its formation.
- b. “WILLY APPROACH, MAPLE HOODOO, CLOSE,...”, or“SALE APPROACH, HOWLETTE
- SILVER, MAINTAINING BLOCK FLIGHT LEVEL ONE SEVEN ZERO TOFLIGHT LEVEL ONE NINE ZERO, SILVER TWO AND THREE IN TWO MILE TRAIL,...”.Note: The second
- example indicates that there is 2NM between each element of the formation.
AIP ENR 1.1 para 60.5.1
What does a declaration of MINIMUM FUEL mean?
- having committed to land at a
- aerodrome, the pilot calculates that any change to the existing
- clearance to
- that aerodrome may result in landing with less
than planned fixed fuel reserve
10‐50‐211 Before assigning responsibility for visual separation to apilot, consider the following a-e?
- a. aircraft performance characteristics, particularly in relation to faster following aircraft
- b. position of the aircraft relative to each other
- c. projected flight paths of the aircraft
- d. possibility of a TCAS RA due to closer proximity of operation
- e. known weather conditions.