Name the 2 Archaic statue types for men and women, and describe & explain the chief common features of each.
Sculptors of the Archaic period created a new type of large, free-standing statue made of wood, terra cotta (clay fired over low heat, sometimes unglazed), limestone, or white marble from the islands of Paros and Naxos. These free-standing figures were brightly painted and sometimes bore inscriptions indicating that individual men or women had commissioned them for a commemorative purpose. They have been found marking graves and in sanctuaries, where they lined the sacred way from the entrance to the main temple. A female statue of this type is called a kore (plural, korai), Greek for “young woman,” and a male statue is called a kouros (plural, kouroi), Greek for “young man.” Archaic korai, always clothed, probably represented deities, priestesses, and nymphs, yound female immortals who served as attendants to gods. Kouroi, nearly always nude, have been variously identified as gods, warriors, and victorious athletes. Because the Greeks associated young, athletic males with fertility and family continuity, the kouroi figures may have symbolized ancestors.