h and s final

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  1. Max Wertheimer
    originator of Gestalt theory and suggested that main theoretical principles; conducted early empirical studies.
  2. Kurt Kofka
    Gestalt theory; most productive writer; most enthusiastic promoter of the original ideas of theory
  3. Wolfgang Kohler
    Gestalt theory; best known problem solving behavior; professor at Berlin University; opposed Nazi government
  4. Kurt Lewin
    gestalt theory; most well-known promoter and innovator of original ideas of theory; created unique theory and laid foundation for social psychology
  5. Law of proximity
    Gestalt Law; perceive elements that are closer together as a coherent object
  6. law of closure
    gestalt theory; percieve a coherent object be enclosing a space and completing a contour and ignoring gaps
  7. Law of similarity
    Gestalt theory; perceive elements that appear similar as part of the same form or continuing pattern
  8. Law of "good form"
    Gestalt theory; organize stimuli into as good or cohesive a figure as possible; symmetrical, simple or familiar
  9. law of figure and ground
    Gestalt theory; percieve a stimulus or figure as seperate from ground
  10. Law of common fate
    Gestalt theory; perceive elements with the same moving direction as a unit
  11. Isomorphism
    Gestalt theory the correlated phenomenon that people experience and the underlying processes in the brain.
  12. Field thoery
    Lewins approach to combining the main priciples of Gestalt psychology and topology
  13. Force Field analysis
    Kurt Lewin look at factors or forces influencing individual's behavior in a particular situation. Every act can be viewed as an interplay of forces either moving an individual toward a goal (helping forces) or blocking his or her movement toward a goal (hindering forces)
  14. Gestalt Laws
    several general principles of Gestalt theoryreferring to perceptual functioning
  15. Gestalt therapy
    a therapuetic method, the initial assumptions fo which were based on the holistic principles of Gestalt psychology
  16. hodological space
    a finitely structured space; its parts are composed of certain regions; direction and distance within space are defined as paths.
  17. insight
    the ability of seeing into a situation, understanding its inner nature; a sudden intuitve perception or grasping of useful relations in a given situation
  18. leadership style
    the predominent type of communications established by the group leader
  19. level of aspiration
    the degree of difficulty of the goal toward which a person is striving
  20. phi phenomenon
    the observable fact of pure motion when 2 images are projected in succession; a perceptual illusion in which 2 stationary but alternately flashlights appear to be a single light moving from one location to another
  21. reversible figures
    a figure such as the rubin vase that you can see either as a white vase on black background or black profiles of two human faces on a white background
  22. time perspective
    according to Lewin the totality of an individuals views of his psychological future and past
  23. topology
    the complex study of the properties of geometric figures and spaces in terms of their connectedness, continuity, and orientation
  24. transposition
    the ability to transfer ones initial expereince to new circumstances
  25. unfinished actions
    describes unfinished behavior that is remembered better than accomplished actions; also known as the zeigarnik
  26. army alpha and army beta
    test the US army used for recruits during WWI; the alpha test designed for literate groups; beta test was used for illiterate, poor english speakers, non english speakers, or those who failed alpha test
  27. assimilation and accomidation
    in Piaget system the 2 sides of the process of adaptation or learning; assimilation is adopting operations with new objects into old mind patterns; accomadation is modify one's mental structures to fit the new demands of the environment
  28. genetic epistemology
    a field that attempts to explain knowledge (scientific knowledge in particular) from the standpoint of knowledges history
  29. Hawthorne effect
    any positive effect of properly organized work relationships on workers productivity and satisfaction
  30. Hawthorne experiement
    a series of experiments initially designed to investigate the effects of several improved working conditions on factory productivity later these expeirments focused on human interaction within the work group; the experiments began in 1924 in collaboration with the national research counicil, the western electric company conducted research at its Hawthorne Manufactoring plant in Chicago
  31. Iowa child wlefare station
    founded in 1917 it was one of the first research institutions designed to study the behavior and skills of ordinary children under everyday conditions
  32. Mental hygiene
    a theoretical discipline and a social movement involving health care professionals, social activits, and charitable organizations. their goal was to promote inovations and create conditions underwhich individuals could pursue their professional and educational goals without excessive stress, unhealthy conditions, and ineffective educational techniques
  33. mental surveys
    special measurements of mental capacities of a large population (most typically children)
  34. psychotechnics
    term coined by german psychologist William Stern and stood for the branch of applied psychology directed toward treatment of human problems
  35. Trait theory of personality
    an approach initiated Allport who argued that personality consists of a potent collection of qualities or traits
  36. bad me, good me, not me
    in sullivan's system various types of awareness related to self seen from different angles
  37. basic anxiety
    in Karen Horney's system feelings of loneliness, hopelessness, and counterhostility (emotion response to hostile situations)
  38. cognitive map
    in Tolman system internal processing by which an individual can code, store, recall and decode information about particular elements of this persons experience
  39. defense mechanisms
    in Anna Freud's system specific unconscious strutures that enable an individual to avoid awareness of anxiety arousing issues
  40. Ego psychology
    a branch of psychoanalysis focusing on a wide variety of facts related to a persons interaction with the social environment
  41. molar responses
    a Holts system the response reaction has something to do with the meaning of the situation, that is the way an animal or human interprets the situation
  42. operant conditioning
    in Skinner's system this is conditioning based on activities producing effects
  43. political psychology
    the field examining psychological factors in politics and political behavior
  44. purposive or operational behaviorism
    in Tolman's a type of behaviorism involving the idea of purpose or goal
  45. schedules of reinforcement
    conditions involving different rates and times of reinforcement
  46. themas
    in Murray's system stories or interpretations projecting fantasy imagery onto an object stimulus
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h and s final
2011-11-15 09:24:05

h and s final
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