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series of written philosophical diologues that expressed ideas of the Vendanta.
a single universal being which will never change
who were the three main gods of the hindus?
- Brahma the creator
- vishnu the preserver
- siva the destroyer
what are the three most important concepts of hindu beliefs?
die and souls are reborn in different bodies
the actions during your life time have concequences
a moral or duty during the cycle of reincarnation
what are the four great Vedic collections?
- rig veda
- sama veda
- yajur veda
- atharva veda
hyns brawn and speculation in ancient sanskrit
what is the sacred symbol of hinduism?
what is the sacred site of hinduism?
bathing in ganges river
significant North Indian Hindu fastival to celebrate the triumph of good over evil. Splash colored powder and water on each other.
what is atman
duty of individual self
what is the goal of yoga
to leave the earthly life and join brahman in a dreamless sleep
who founded jainism
who believed that everything in nature that is living has a soul
what did mahavira reject?
- holiness of the vedas
what is ahimsa
belief in nonviolence
why did the jainists turn away from the vedic religion?
brahmins used animal sacrifice
describe jainists beliefs
they did everything they could to not harm living things
who was siddhartha guatama
son of a prince of buddhism
who gave up a life of luxury to seek out truth
List two of the four noble truths of buddhism
- all human life contains suffering and sorrow
- desire causes suffering
- by rejecting desire people can attain nirvana
- following the 8 fold path leads to rejection of desire and attainment of nirvana
what is nirvana?
place of perfect peace
waht are two main branches of buddhism?
what is the authoritive collection of buddhists texts called?
what is the sacred symbol of buddhism
what is the sacred site of buddhism?
beneath the budi tree in Bodh Gaya, India
what is the ultimate goals of buddhism
to achieve nirvana
siddharth guatama is also known as____?
what does Buddha mean?
the enlightened one
name two of the three ways Hinduism and Buddhism differ?
- buddha rejected hindu division of human beings into rigidly defined castes
- all people can achieve Nirvana in Buddhism
- buddhists reject the multiple gods of Hinduism
what did conficius believe was the best model of society?
confucious written teachings that formed the basis of his philosphy
what three things did confusios stress?
- importance of family
- respect for ones elders
- reverence for the past
what is the sacred text of confucianism?
what is the sacred symbol of Conficianism
what is the sacred site of conficianism?
temple of Qufu
confusious teachings focused on what three areas?
- social philosophy
- political philoshophy
what is the first element ub tge COnfucian view of Dao
name three of the five constant relationships under confucianism?
- older siblings/younger siblings
- older friend/younger friend
what is the second element in the Dao
What was Daoism resction to?
teaching of confucianism
who was Daoism founded by?
the principal Daoist work is called the____?
Dao Da Jing
What is the principle of wuwei?
non-action: let nature take its course
what do daoist's believe cloads people's minds to the truth?
- material wealth
What did Confucianist's find so appealing about Daoism?
release from the restrictiveness of confucious moral code
The best way to act in harmony with the universal order is to_________?
not interfere with the natural order
leagalists believe that people by nature are ______ and_____
selfish and untrustworthy
the ___ dynaasty used legalism as it official philosophy?
the state is best served by???
putting the kings interests first
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