Ethics Quiz 2

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  1. Kantian Ethics
    What many people think of when they think of "ethics". It’s about identifying fundamental moral principles or maxims and then sticking to them no matter what.
  2. Principles / Maxims
    discoverable by human reason and would apply to all humans everywhere all the time. Kant believes in moral absolutes. His ethical thought is the anti-thesis of moral relativism.
  3. non-consequentialist
    Consequences shouldn't be weighed. You must act within your moral absolutes
  4. Inclination
    A number of reasons for not doing our duty
    Would I agree that the principle/maxim upon which I have based my action is one I would want all people everywhere to follow if they were in the same situation?
  6. moral agents
    In the Kantian scheme it denotes the idea that we are all rational beings in possession of free will and will power and have moral responsibility

    “two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe… the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me.”
    Act in such a way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never simply as a means, but always at the same time as an end.
  8. “kingdom of ends.”
    signifies the idea that people are not to be used, exploited, taken advantage of, but also that people must not engage in activities that degrade themselves.
  9. Platonic / Aristitelian
    Plato is seen as more spiritual type and Aristotle more the scientific type
  10. consequentialist
    Consequences, the real-life results of actions that occur in the real, every-day world have such a compelling interest for some of us, that Utilitarian or consequentialist philosophies make more sense and even, to some, appear more progressive and less hide-bound.
  11. Jeremy Bentham
    All Pleasures are the same. "Pushpin is as good as poetry"
  12. qualitatively higher happiness
    Mill- some pleasures may be preferred to other pleasures because of their superiority, particularly their intellectual superiority.
  13. principle of utility
    greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of persons.
  14. Act Utilitarianism
    It doesn’t mean he would always tell a lie; it just means at this time and place, it seems the best solution
  15. Rule Utilitarianism
    Following Rules. the idea is not that the rule has some intrinsic moral value(the Kantian view)but that the rule will produce desirable results
  16. virtue ethics
    the idea of developing what some call “stand-up guys” and “stand-up gals,” people upon whom society can depend
  17. Aristotle's “doctrine of the mean”
    virtue lies at some mid-point between two kinds of extremes. One extreme is excess and the other is defect(or deficiency.
  18. Practical wisdom
    wisdom in action, wisdom being applied in every day situations
  19. Care Ethics
    sympathy is the basic moral capacity, not law-discerning or consequence-calculating reason
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Ethics Quiz 2
2011-11-16 18:23:01

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