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Identify: Separation of Powers
What the branches of our government do to check each other's powers. Basic powers are distributed among three distinct and independant branches of the government.
The system of government that creates a dual system of governing a nation's citizens between a federal government and state government. There are, however, rules to follow: The Federal laws are supreme over state laws, and there are certain powers that are reserved to the federal government and to the states.
What is meant by the word "compromise" and give an accurate example of one that was arrived at during the Constitutional Convention
Compromise: The coming to of an agreement between two proposed plans. Ex. The Connecticut Compromise used features from both the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan, and said that the congress will be made up of two houses.
What does our federal government look like in terms of the three branches of government with a bicameral legislature?
Legislative, Exectutive, Judicial...House of Reps, Senate
What is the separation of powers with checks and balances of branches on each other?
Basic powers are distributed among three distinct and independant branches of the government.
What is meant by "limited government" and "Judicial review"?
- Limited Government: No government is All-powerful. Government may do only the things that people give it the power to do.
- Judicial Review: The power of the court to determine the constitutionality of a governmental action. Part of Checks and Balances.
Who were the Anti-Federalists and what was their issue?
The anti-federalists opposed the Constitution because they thought the government has too much power. Some were John Hancock and Sam Adams.
Whats the most common method for creating a constitution ammendment?
- 1. Ammendment is proposed by congress with a 2/3 vote in both houses.
- 2. Ammendment is ratified by 3/4 of State Legislatures.
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