Stroke

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Author:
d14racer24
ID:
116592
Filename:
Stroke
Updated:
2011-11-14 00:56:45
Tags:
Stroke CVA ischemic hemorrhagic embolic brain attack thrombotic intracerebral subarachnoid
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Review for Stroke
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  1. 5-15% of ppl who had a storke will have a reoccurance w/in ____ year(s) and 40% w/in ____ year(s) and 1/2 will ____ from complications.
    one, five, die
  2. What provides 80% of blood flow to the brain?
    Carotid ateries
  3. Type of stroke that results from a blockage of atery supplying the brain.
    Ischemic stroke
  4. Ischemic strokes are caused by ____, _____, or _____.
    Thromus (clot), emboli (traveling clot), TIA (tranient ischemic attack)
  5. 80% of strokes are this type of stroke.
    Ischemic stroke
  6. Symptoms that preceed ischemic stroke.
    • - loss of strength or sensation on one side of body
    • - problem w/ speech of language
    • - changes in vision and balance
  7. Some neurons served by the occludedartery die from lack of ____ and ____.
    Oxygen, Nutrients
  8. Two types of Ischemic stroke.
    • Thrombotic
    • Embolic
  9. Type of ischemic stroke that results from blood clots that form w/in arteries, plaque development (any vessels that supplies the brain)
    Thrombotic Ischemic stroke
  10. Type of ischemic stroke that results from blood clot from somewhere else in the body that trevels to the brain. Once in the brain it travels to a vessel small enough to block it's passage.
    Embolic Ischemic stroke
  11. ____ builds up eventuall causing a rupture and ____ come by and stick causing a blockage.
    • Plaque
    • Platelets
  12. Type of stroke caused by weakened vessels that rupture and bleed into surrounding brain.
    Hemorrhagic stroke
  13. Area of the brain adjacent to compromised area or ischemic brain tissue that can be salvaged w/ timely interventions.
    Penumbra
  14. Most common cause of hemorrhagic stroke.
    HTN
  15. With hemorrhagic stroke symptoms occur suddently and include ____, ____.
    • Very severe headache
    • N/V
  16. Two types of hemorrhagic stroke.
    • Subarachnoid
    • Intracerebral
  17. Type of hemorrhagic stroke caused by rupture of atery.
    Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  18. Type of hemorragic stroke that results in blood filling the space surrounding the brain rather than insdie of it (b/w brain and skull).
    Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  19. With subarachnoid hemorrhage, it is usually caused by ____ ____ (ballooning of vessel, over time it may rupture)
    Ruptured aneurism
  20. With subarachnoid hemorrhage, there is a sudden increase in ____ w/in the brain and can cause damage to ____ ____ surrouund the blood.
    • Pressure
    • Brain cells
  21. Type of hemorrhagic stroke that occurs when a blood vessel w/in brain bursts (deep in tissue of brain)
    Intracerebral hemorrhage
  22. Brief period of localized cerebral ischemia.
    TIA (transient ischemic attack)
  23. More like to have ischemic stroke if person has previous ____.
    TIA (transient ischemic attack)
  24. Most common cause of intracerebral hemorrhage stroke.
    • HTN
    • aging blood vessels
  25. Type of attack that symptoms last 24 hrs to one week.
    RIND (reversible ischemic neurological deficit)
  26. With TIA (transient ischemic attack), it causes neurological deficits that last less than ____.
    24 hrs
  27. When do you start on discharge planning?
    On admission
  28. Left sided CVA affects ____ side of body.
    Right
  29. Right sided CVA affects ____ side of body.
    Left
  30. Symptoms of TIA
    • Numbness or weakness of hand, forearm, corner of mouth
    • Aphasia (loss of ability to understand or express speech)
    • Visual disturbances
  31. TIA is often a warning sign of impending ____ (usually a(n) ____ stroke).
    • Stroke
    • Ischemic
  32. Three components of the brain.
    • Cerebrum
    • Cerebellum
    • Brainstem
  33. Largest, most advanced portion of brain - R/L hemisphere (temporal, frontal, occipital, parietal)
    Cerebrum
  34. Second largest portion of brain. At back of brain - smooth, coordinated movement.
    Cerebellum
  35. At back of brain and base. Autonomic function, affects/controls respiratory rate, BP, HR, wakefullness, articulation of speech.
    Brainstem
  36. A region of the brain concerned with the production of speech, located in the cortex of the dominant frontal lobe.
    Broca's area at front of brain
  37. Region of the brain concerned with the comprehension of language.
    Wernicke's area

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