Card Set Information
Stroke CVA ischemic hemorrhagic embolic brain attack thrombotic intracerebral subarachnoid
Review for Stroke
5-15% of ppl who had a storke will have a reoccurance w/in ____ year(s) and 40% w/in ____ year(s) and 1/2 will ____ from complications.
one, five, die
What provides 80% of blood flow to the brain?
Type of stroke that results from a blockage of atery supplying the brain.
Ischemic strokes are caused by ____, _____, or _____.
Thromus (clot), emboli (traveling clot), TIA (tranient ischemic attack)
80% of strokes are this type of stroke.
Symptoms that preceed ischemic stroke.
- loss of strength or sensation on one side of body
- problem w/ speech of language
- changes in vision and balance
Some neurons served by the occludedartery die from lack of ____ and ____.
Two types of Ischemic stroke.
Type of ischemic stroke that results from blood clots that form w/in arteries, plaque development (any vessels that supplies the brain)
Thrombotic Ischemic stroke
Type of ischemic stroke that results from blood clot from somewhere else in the body that trevels to the brain. Once in the brain it travels to a vessel small enough to block it's passage.
Embolic Ischemic stroke
____ builds up eventuall causing a rupture and ____ come by and stick causing a blockage.
Type of stroke caused by weakened vessels that rupture and bleed into surrounding brain.
Area of the brain adjacent to compromised area or ischemic brain tissue that can be salvaged w/ timely interventions.
Most common cause of hemorrhagic stroke.
With hemorrhagic stroke symptoms occur suddently and include ____, ____.
Very severe headache
Two types of hemorrhagic stroke.
Type of hemorrhagic stroke caused by rupture of atery.
Type of hemorragic stroke that results in blood filling the space surrounding the brain rather than insdie of it (b/w brain and skull).
With subarachnoid hemorrhage, it is usually caused by ____ ____ (ballooning of vessel, over time it may rupture)
With subarachnoid hemorrhage, there is a sudden increase in ____ w/in the brain and can cause damage to ____ ____ surrouund the blood.
Type of hemorrhagic stroke that occurs when a blood vessel w/in brain bursts (deep in tissue of brain)
Brief period of localized cerebral ischemia.
TIA (transient ischemic attack)
More like to have ischemic stroke if person has previous ____.
TIA (transient ischemic attack)
Most common cause of intracerebral hemorrhage stroke.
aging blood vessels
Type of attack that symptoms last 24 hrs to one week.
RIND (reversible ischemic neurological deficit)
With TIA (transient ischemic attack), it causes neurological deficits that last less than ____.
When do you start on discharge planning?
Left sided CVA affects ____ side of body.
Right sided CVA affects ____ side of body.
Symptoms of TIA
Numbness or weakness of hand, forearm, corner of mouth
Aphasia (loss of ability to understand or express speech)
TIA is often a warning sign of impending ____ (usually a(n) ____ stroke).
Three components of the brain.
Largest, most advanced portion of brain - R/L hemisphere (temporal, frontal, occipital, parietal)
Second largest portion of brain. At back of brain - smooth, coordinated movement.
At back of brain and base. Autonomic function, affects/controls respiratory rate, BP, HR, wakefullness, articulation of speech.
A region of the brain concerned with the production of speech, located in the cortex of the dominant frontal lobe.
Broca's area at front of brain
Region of the brain concerned with the comprehension of language.