NRS 122: Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing

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  1. Who was Sigmund Freud?
    The "father of psychiatry." His work was based on psychoanalytic theory.
  2. What is Psychotherapy?
    "Talk therapy"
  3. What is Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytical theory?
    His theory claims that most people psychological disturbances are the results of something really bad that happened/ trauma/ incidents occurring early in life that are not often remembered or recognized.
  4. What are Freud's three layers of mental activity?
    Conscious, preconscious, and unconsious mind.
  5. According to Freud, what's the conscious mind?
    one's current awareness (thoughts, beliefs, feelings). The conscious mind is influenced by the preconscious and unconscious mind.
  6. According to Freud, what's the preconscious mind?
    It contains what is lying immediately below the surface, not currently the subject of our attention, but accesible.
  7. What's the unconscious mind according to Sigmund Freud?
    Part of the mind where our primitive feelings, drives, and memories reside, especially those that are unbearable and traumatic
  8. What is id according to Freud?
    Id is the primitive, pleasure-seeking part of the brain and our personalities. The id makes up the unconscious part of the mind.
  9. What is ego according to Freud?
    Ego occurs in the preconscious part of the mind. Ego is where defense mechanisms, such as repression, denial and rationalization occur and coping mechanisms. Ego is our sense of self.
  10. What is superego according to Freud?
    The superego is the conscious part of our mind/ brain. It's it the highest functioning level achieved. It's greatly influenced by our parents/ caregivers, morals, and ethical stances.
  11. What is psychoanalytic theory?
    Freud's theory that focuses on what goes on in the mind. The goal of this theory os to know what's occurring in the unconscious levelto bring what's occurring in the conscious level to truth. For example, "what do you think of when I say "water" and patient replies, "warm...june...not being able to breathe...darkness" this may indicate something that's happened traumatically in the patient's past and is now ffecting him/ her unconsicously.
  12. What is Interpersonal Theory?
    A theory that came about by Harry Stack Sullivan that focuses on what goes on between people. This theory encourages people to see a therapist and address the problem they're experiencing in person by discussing it.
  13. What is Aaron Beck's Cognitive Theory?
    A theory that states depression is the result of faulty thinking...Helps people reorganize distorted thinking and replace it with accurate and positive thoughts.
Card Set
NRS 122: Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Theories and Therapies for Mental Health and Psychiatric Disorders
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