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  1. Abdominocentesis
    A surgical puncture through the abdominal wall to remove fluid; also called paracentesis
  2. Abdominoperineal resection
    Surgical removal of the colon and rectum that includes entry through both the abdomen and perineum; it includes a colostomy, and is performed to treat colorectal cancer and severe IBD; abbreviated A&P resection
  3. Abdominoplasty
    Surgical repair of the abdomen
  4. Anoplasty
    Surgical repair of the anus
  5. Antacid
    A drug that neutralizes stomach acid
  6. Antiemetic
    A drug that prevents or stops vomiting
  7. Antispasmodic
    A drug that decreases peristalsis in the GI tract to arrest spasm or diarrhea
  8. Appendectomy
    Surgical removal, or excision, of the appendix
  9. Barium enema
    An enema containing barium (a contrast medium used for x-ray) administered for a lower GI series diagnostic test; abbreviated BE
  10. Cathartic
    Drug that stimulates peristalsis of the colon; also called a laxative
  11. Celiotomy
    Incision into the abdominal cavity
  12. Cheilorrhaphy
    Suture of the lip
  13. Cholangiogram
    X-ray image of the bile ducts between the liver, gallbladder, and duodenum
  14. Cholecystectomy
    Excision of the gallbladder
  15. Cholecystogram
    • –X-ray image of the gallbladder, which is used to confirm diagnosis of cholelithiasis
    • –Excision of the colon
  16. Choledocholithotomy
    Incision into the common bile duct, which is performed to remove one or more obstructive stones
  17. Colectomy
    Excision of the colon
  18. Colonoscopy
    Visual examination of the colon, using a colonoscope
  19. Colostomy
    Surgical creation of an opening into the colon by way of the abdominal wall, which establishes an artificial anus, and may be temporary or permanent as a treatment for cancer, obstructions, or ulcerative colitis
  20. Diverticulectomy
    Excision of a diverticulum
  21. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
    Endoscopic procedure that includes x-ray fluoroscopy to visualize the ducts of the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas
  22. Endoscopic ultrasound
    A diagnostic procedure that combines the use of an endoscope and an ultrasound probe to generate images of the intestinal wall to evaluate tumor progression
  23. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
    Visual examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum with an endoscope; abbreviated EGD
  24. Esophagoscopy
    Visual examination of the esophagus with an esophagoscope, a specialized form of endoscope
  25. Fecal occult blood test
    a lab test performed to detect blood in the feces
  26. Gastrectomy
    sergical removal of any part of the stomach, or in extreme cases, the entire organ
  27. Gastric lavage
    A cleansing procedure in which the stomach is rinsed with a saline solution
  28. Gastroscopy
    Visual examination of the stomach with a gastroscope, a specialized type of endoscope
  29. Gastrostomy
    Surgical creation of a new opening into the stomach
  30. Gavage
    The process of feeding a patient through a tube, called a nasogastric tube, that is inserted into the nose and drops into the stomach
  31. GI endoscopy
    Visual examination of the GI tract using an endoscope, which includes a camera, fiber optics, and long flexible tube
  32. Gingivectomy
    Surgical removal of diseased tissue in the gums
  33. Glossorrhaphy
    Suture of the tongue
  34. Hemicolectomy
    Excision of approximately one-half of the colon
  35. Hemorrhoidectomy
    Excision of hemorrhoids
  36. Hepatobilliary
    Focus on diseases of the liver, gallbladder and bile ducts
  37. Herniorrhaphy
    Surgical repair of a hernia
  38. Ileostomy
    Surgical opening through the abdominal wall and into the ileum, to establish a secondary anus for the passage of feces
  39. Laparoscopy
    Visual examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope, which often replaces open abdominal surgery when an invasive procedure should be avoided
  40. Laparotomy
    Incision into the abdomen
  41. Palatoplasty
    Surgical repair of the palate, usually as a treatment for cleft palate, an inherited defect
  42. Polypectomy
    Excision of a polyp
  43. Proctology
    Focuses on the treatment of diseases of the rectum and anus
  44. Proctoscopy
    Visual examination of the rectum with a proctoscope, a specialized type of endoscope
  45. Pyloroplasty
    Surgical repair of the pylorus region of the stomach or the pyloric valve
  46. Sigmoidoscopy
    Visual examination of the sigmoid colon with a sigmoidoscope, a specialized type of endoscope
  47. Stool culture and sensitivity
    Collection of a fecal sample and growth of microorganisms from it in a culture to identify a pathogenic cause of disease
  48. Upper GI series
    Diagnostic x-ray images of the stomach and duodenum following the administration of barium as a radiopaque contrast medium; abbreviated UGI
  49. Uvulectomy
    Excision of the uvula
  50. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
    Surgical repair of uvula, palate, and pharynx, which is usually performed to correct obstructive sleep apnea
  51. Vagotomy
    Surgical dissection of branches of the vagus nerve, which innervates much of the GI tract
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2011-11-14 15:07:29
chapter13treatment medical term

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