Chp. 31 Labor Law & 42 Cyberlaw

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juyuan
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116714
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Chp. 31 Labor Law & 42 Cyberlaw
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2011-12-07 04:03:44
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Business Law Legal Environment Chp 31 42 Vocab
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Business Law and the Legal Environment, Standard Edition, 5th Ed. By: Jeffrey f. Beatty, susan S. Samuelson
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  1. Arbitration
    Is a form of an alternative dispute resolution in which the parties hire a neutral third party to hear their respective arguments, receive evidence, and then make a binding decision outside of courts
  2. Collective bargaining
    Is a process of negotiations between employers and representatives of a union who are aimed at reaching agreements that regulate working conditions.
  3. Collective bargaining agreement (CBA)
    Is an agreement or labor contract between an employer and one or more unions which set forth the terms of employment for the employees who are members of that labor union.
  4. The Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) may include provisions regarding?
    • Wages,
    • Vacation time,
    • Working hours,
    • Working conditions,
    • Health insurance benefits &
    • Fringe benefits.
  5. Collective Bargaining Unit
    A precisely defined group of employees who are represented by a particular union.
  6. Concerted action
    are tactics, such as a strike, used by a union to gain a bargaining advantage.
  7. Duty of Fair Representation
    The union’s obligation to act on behalf of all members impartially and in good faith.
  8. Grievance
    A formal complaint alleging a contract violation.
  9. Labor-Management Relations Act
    • Designed to curb union abuses.
    • Also informally known as the Taft–Hartley Act.
  10. Local
    A regional union that represents workers at a particular company.
  11. Lockout
    A management tactic, designed to gain a bargaining advantage, in which the company refuses to allow union members to work (and hence deprives them of their pay).
  12. National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)
    Ensures the right of workers to form unions and encourages management and unions to bargain collectively.
  13. National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
    Is an agency created by Congress to administer & enforce the National Labor Relations Act. It regulates union activities, elections, remedies unfair labor practices by both unions & employers & may issue decisions with regards to labor disputes.
  14. No-strike clause
    A clause in a collective bargaining agreement (CBA) that prohibits the union from striking while the collective bargaining agreement (CBA) is in force.
  15. Norris-LaGuardia Act
    Prohibits federal court injunctions in peaceful labor disputes.
  16. Secondary Boycott
    Picketing/Protesting, directed by a union against a company, designed to force that company to stop doing business with the union’s employer.
  17. Strike
    The ultimate weapon of a labor union, it occurs when all or most employees of a particular plant or employer walk off the job and refuse to work.
  18. Unfair Labor Practice
    An act, committed by either a union or an employer, that violates the National Labor Relations Act, such as failing to bargain in good faith
  19. Cookie
    A small computer file that identifies the user of a computer. Internet sites typically place cookies on a computer’s hard drive to track visitors to their site.
  20. Hacking
    Gaining unauthorized access to a computer system
  21. Internet
    An international computer network that connects smaller groups of linked computer networks.
  22. (PII) Personally Identifiable Information
    Data that identifies a user of a Web site, such as name and address.
  23. Shilling
    Is a seller at an auction, either bids on his own goods, or agrees to cross-bid with a group of other sellers.
  24. Spam
    Unsolicited commercial or bulk e-mail. (“To spam” is to send such e-mail.)
  25. Spyware
    A computer program that enters a user’s computer without permission and monitors and reports the user’s activities
  26. World Wide Web
    • Is a Sub-Network of theInternet.
    • With a decentralized collection of documents containing text, pictures and sound that is acessible fom Internet sites.
  27. Labor Unions
    Is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers in a particular industry.
  28. A Union is Formed for the Purpose of?
    Collectively negotiating with an employer (or employers) over wages, working hours and other terms & conditions of employment.

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