Psych Ch 13

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Psych Ch 13
2011-11-14 16:28:38

modules 40, 41, 42
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  1. approaches that assume that personality is motivated by inner forces and conflicts about which people have little awareness and over which they have no control
    psychodynamic approaches to personality
  2. Freud's theory that unconscious forces act as determinants of personality
    psychoanalytic theory
  3. a part of the personality that contains the memories, knowledge, beliefs, feelings, urges, drives, and instincts of which the individual is not aware
  4. the raw, unorganized, inborn part of personality whose sole purpose is to reduce tension created by primitive drives related to hunger, sex, aggression, and irrational impulses
  5. the part of the personality that provides a buffer between the id and the outside world
  6. according to Freud, the final personality structure to develop; represents the rights and wrongs of society as handed down by a person's parents, teachers, and other important figures
  7. developmental periods that children pass through during which they encounter conflicts between the demands which they encounter between the demands of society and their own sexual urges
    psychosexual stages
  8. conflicts or concerns that persist beyond the developmental period in which they first occur
  9. according to Freud, a stage from birth to age 12-18 months, in which an infants center of pleasure is in the mouth
    oral stage
  10. according to Freud, a stage from 12-18 months to 3 years of age in which a child's pleasure is centered on the anus
    anal stage
  11. according to Freud, a period begining around age 3, in which a child's pleasure focuses on the genitals
    phallic stage
  12. a child's sexual interest in his or her opposite sex parent, typically resolved through identification with the same sex parent
    Oedipal conflict
  13. the process of wanting to be like another person as much as possible, imitating that person's behavior and adopting similar beliefs and values
  14. according to Freud, the period between the phallic stage and puberty during which children's sexual concerns are tempoarily put aside
    latency period
  15. according to Freud, the period from puberty until death, marked by mature sexual behavior (sexual intercourse)
    genital stage
  16. in Freudian theory, unconscious strategies that people use to reduce anxiety by concealing the source of it from themselves and others
    defense mechanism
  17. the primary defense mechanism in which unacceptable or upleasant id impulses are pushed back into the unconscious
  18. psychologists who were trained in traditional Freudian theory but who later rejected some of its major points
    neo-Freudian psychoanalysts
  19. according to Jung, a common set of ideas, feelings, images, and symbols that we inherit from our ancestors, the whole human race, and even animal ancestors from the distant past
    collective unconscious
  20. according to Jung, universal symbolic representations of a particular person, object, or experience (such as good and evil)
  21. according to Adler, a problem affecting adults who have not been able to overcome the feelings of inferiority that they developed as children, when they were small and limited in their knowledge about the world
    inferiority complex
  22. a model of personality that seeks to identify the basic traits necessary to describe personality
    trait theory
  23. consistent personality characteristics and behaviors displayed in different situations
  24. theories that emphasize the influence of a person'e cognitions-thoughts, feelings, expectations, and values-as well as observation of others' behavior, in determining personality
    social cognitive approaches to personality
  25. belief in one's personal capabilities; underlies people's faith in their ability to carry out a particular or produce a desired outcome
  26. the component of personality that encompasses our positive and negative self-evaluations
  27. theories that suggest that important components of personality are inherited
    biological and evolutionary approaches to personality
  28. the innate disposition that emerges in early life
  29. theores that emphasize people's innate goodness and desire to achieve higher levels of functioning
    humanistic approaches to personality
  30. a state of self-fulfillment in which people realize their highest potential, each in a unique way
  31. an attitude of acceptance and respect on the part of an observer, no matter what a person says or does
    unconditional positive regard
  32. standard measures devised to assess behavior objectively; used by psychologists to help people make decisions about their lives and understand more about themselves
    psychological tests
  33. a widely used self-report test that identifies people with psychologocal difficulties and is employed to predict some everyday behaviors
    Minnesota Multiphases Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2)
  34. a technique used to validate questions in personality tests by studying the responses of people with known diagnosis
    test standardization
  35. a test in which a person is shown an ambiguous stimulus and asked to describe it or tell a story about it
    projective personality test
  36. a test that involves showing a series of symmetrical visual stimuli to people who then are asked what the figures represent to them
    Rorschach Test
  37. a test consisting of a series of pictures about which a person is asked to write a story
    Thematic Appreciation Test (TAT)
  38. direct measurements of an individual's behavior used to describe personality characteristics
    behavioral assessment
  39. a method of gethering data about people by asking them questions about a sample of their behavior
    self-report measures