11/14/11 (MA) Medical Terminology - Pg. 444

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11/14/11 (MA) Medical Terminology - Pg. 444
2011-11-14 18:24:13
Medical Terminology Pg 444

11/14/11 (MA) Medical Terminology - Pg. 444
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  1. acromegaly
    means enlargement of the extremities.
  2. adenohypophysis
    is the anterior lobe the pituitary gland, composed of glandular tissue.
  3. adrenalectomy
    means excision of an adrenal gland.
  4. adrenaline
    is a hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla that cause some of the physiological expressions of fear & anxiety; epinephrine.
  5. cerebral palsy
    refers to partial paralysis and lack of muscular coordination cause by damage to the cerebrum before or during the birth process.
  6. deglutition
    refers to the act of swallowing.
  7. diabetes mellitus
    is a chronic metabolic disorder marked by hyper gycemia; occurs in two forms.
  8. glycogenesis
    means production or formation of sugar.
  9. hormone
    is a chemical substance produced by specialized cells of the body and released slowly into the bloodstream.
  10. hypercalcemia
    refers to excessive amounts of calcium in the blood.
  11. hyperglycemia
    means increase of blood glucose, as in diabetes.
  12. insulin
    is a pancreatic hormone that decreases blood in glucose level.
  13. jaundice
    is yellowish of the skin & eyes.
  14. meningocele
    refers to protrusion of the membranes of the brain or spinal cord through a defect in the skull or spinal column.
  15. metastasis
    refers to spread of a malignant tumor beyond its primary site to a secondary organ or location.
  16. neurohypophysis
    is the posterior lobe of the pituitary, compose primary, of nerve tissue.
  17. neuromalacia
    means softening of the nerve tissue.
  18. pancreatolith
    is a calculus or stone in the pancreas.
  19. pancreatolysis
    means destruction of the pancreatic tissue due to a pathological condition.
  20. pancreatopathy
    means disease of the pancreas.
  21. polydipsia
    refers to excessive thirst.
  22. polyphagia
    refers to excessive consumption of food.
  23. pruritus
    refers to the act of itching.
  24. throtoxicosis
    is a toxic condition due to hyperactivity of the thyroid gland; exophthalmic goiter.
  25. vertigo
    is an illusion of movement.