Chapter 9 Psych

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Chapter 9 Psych
2011-11-14 19:49:27
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Westmont Psychology Chapter 9
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  1. Motivation
    Factors that energize, direct, or sustain behavior
  2. Need
    State of biological or social deficiences
  3. Need Hierarchy
    • Maslow's pyramid of needs we must accomplish from the bottom up:
    • 1. physiological (hunger, thirst, warmth, air, sleep)
    • 2. Safety
    • 3. Belonging and Love, acceptance, friendship
    • 4. Esteem, good self opinion, accomplishments, reputation
    • 5. Self Actualization
  4. Self Actualization
    A state that is achieved when one's personal dreams and aspirations have been attained
  5. Arousal
    psychological activation, such as increased brain activity, autonomic responses, sweating, or muscle tension
  6. Drive
    psychological state that motivates an organism to satisfy its needs
  7. Homeostasis
    The tendency for bodily functions to maintain equilibrium
  8. Incentives
    External stimuli that motivate behaviors (as opposed to internal drives)
  9. Yerkes-Dodson Law
    performance increases with arousal until an optimal point, after which arousal interferes with performance
  10. Pleasure Principle/Hedonisitc
    seek pleasure and avoid pain
  11. Extrinsic Motivation
    performing an activity because of the external goals toward which that activity is directed
  12. Intrinsic Motivation
    performing n activity because of the value or pleasure associated with that activity, not for external goals or purposes
  13. Self-Perception Theory
    people seldom are aware of their specific motives and instead draw inferences about their motivations according to what seems to make the most sense
  14. Goal
    desired outcome; usually a specific object or behavioral intention
  15. Self-Regulation
    people alter their behavior to attain personal goals
  16. Good Goals
    challenging, but not overly difficult, specific
  17. Self-Efficacy
    expectation that your efforts will lead to success
  18. Need to Belong Theory
    the need for interpersonal attachments is a fundamental motivate that has evolved for adaptive purposes
  19. Ventromedial Hypothalamus
    tells you when to stop eating
  20. Lateral Hypothalamus
    tells you went to start eating
  21. Sexual Response Cycle
    a pattern of physiological repsonses during sexual activity
  22. Sexual Strategies theory
    Men and Women look for different qualities in their relationship partners because of gender-specific adaptive problems
  23. Emotion
    feelings that invovled subjective evaluation, physiological processes, and cognitive beliefs
  24. Display Rules
    rules learned through socialization that dictate which emotions are suitable to given situations
  25. Somatic Makers
    bodily reactions that arise from the emotional evaluation of an action's consequences
  26. Primary Emotions
    evolutionary adaptive emotions that huamsn share across cultures; ones associated with specific biological and physical states
  27. Secondary Emotions
    blends of primary emotions, including states such as remorse, guilt, submission, and anticipation
  28. Two-Factor theory of emotion
    • a situation evokes a physiological response, and an emotional label; then emotion os 'felt'
    • singer-schachter
  29. James-Lange Theory
    stimulus leads to physical arousal which leads to an emotion
  30. Cannon Bard Theory
    Stimulus happens; physical arousal and cognitive label of emotion occur simultaneously afterwards