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  1. Sexism
    • The ideology that one sex is superior to the other.
    • Individual acts of sexism
    • (ex) Sexist remarks and acts of violence
    • Institutional sexism
    • The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups that results from the normal operations of a society.
  2. Male-domiated institutions
    • Government
    • Armed forcesž
    • Large corporationsž
    • Mediaž
    • Universitiesž
    • Medical establishment
  3. Two different world(united nations in 2001)
    • pay Lessž
    • Sexual harassment at workž
    • Discharge because of pregnancy
    • * Assertion of women’s rights is routinely ignored or punished.
  4. faminization of poverty
    • Women grow half the world’s food, but they rarely own land.
    • One-third of the world’s paid labor force;Generally found in the lowest-paying jobs.ž
    • Single-parent households headed by women are found in the poorest sections of the population.
  5. Link between rich and poor
    • The poverty of women in developing countries
    • Much of the exploited labor is performed by women toiling long hours for low pay , especially in the nonindustrial sector.
    • (Chubb et al. 2008)
    • Unequal status in industrial countries
    • Seen in the division of housework and in the jobs
    • (Makiko Fuwa 2004)
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