EMT-B

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Author:
zantoz
ID:
11697
Filename:
EMT-B
Updated:
2010-03-23 18:26:54
Tags:
CH 23 Shock
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Description:
Quiz
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  1. What is shock?
    Shock is the result of hypoperfusion to the cells of the body that causes organs and then organ systems to fail.
  2. Three causes of basic shock
    • 1. Pump failure
    • 2. Decreased blood volume
    • 3. The blood vessels can dilate excessivley
  3. 4 types of shock
    • 1. Cardiogenic
    • 2. Neurogenic
    • 3. Hypovolemic
    • 4. Septic
  4. 3 noncardiovascular causes of shock
    • 1. Respiratory
    • 2. Anaphylactic
    • 3. Psychogenic
  5. Expect shock in what type of conditions
    • Multiple severe fractures
    • Abdominal or chest injury
    • Spinal injury
    • A severe infection
    • A major heart attack
    • Anaphylaxis
  6. What shock is the result of a thermal burn
    Hypovolemic
  7. 3 signs and symptoms of decompensating shock
    • Falling blood pressure <90mm Systolic
    • Labored or irregular breathing
    • Ashen, mottled, or cyanotic skin
    • Thready or absent peripheral pulses
    • Dull eyes, dilated pupils
    • Poor urinary output
  8. General consideration for treating shock
    • 1. Supine / ABC
    • 2. Control external bleeding
    • 3.Splint broken bone or joints
    • 4. high flow oxygen / keep warm
    • 5. Elevate the legs 12"
  9. Why do we have to becareful in giving nitro to a pt in cardiogenic shock
    Dilates the blood vessels
  10. Fainting is what type of shock
    Psycogenic
  11. Is decreased BP is it a early sign of shock?
    False
  12. How much blood does an infant or child have to lose before their blood pressure drops
    More than half

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