VM 105 final exam

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cayden0726
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117048
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VM 105 final exam
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2011-11-22 19:52:04
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purdue university vm 105
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final exam
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  1. AI
    artificial insemination
  2. OD
    right eye
  3. OS
    left eye
  4. CMT
    california mastitis test
  5. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  6. OVH
    ovariohysterectomy
  7. C-section
    cesarean section
  8. HBC
    hit by car
  9. D5W
    5% dextrose in water
  10. TPR
    temp,pulse,respiration
  11. lat
    lateral
  12. DV
    dorsoventral
  13. VD
    ventral dorsal
  14. CSF
    cerebrospinal fluid
  15. CNS
    central nervous system
  16. HG or HB
    hemoglobin
  17. ALAT
    assistant laboratory animal techn
  18. LATG
    lab animal technologist
  19. LAT
    lab animal technician
  20. RALAT
    registered assistant lab animal tech
  21. RAT
    registered animal technician
  22. RLATG
    registered lab animal technologist
  23. mare
    female equine
  24. stallion
    male equine
  25. gelding
    castrated male equine
  26. yearling
    equine between 1-2yrs old
  27. filly
    young female equine
  28. colt
    young male equine
  29. foal
    young equine of either sex
  30. explain the difference between laws and ethical codes
    • laws are enacted by legislatures to protect the public
    • ethical codes are developed by the profession to protect its members from each other and focus on its noble direction
  31. explain the "Captin of the ship" principle
    The employing veterinarian has the ultimate responsibility and choice of the utilization of VT's and VA's in an appropriate manner that is legally consistant with laws, regulations, and ethical codes
  32. define negligence and malpractice and explain how their related
    negligence is failure to use such care as a reasonably prudent person would use under the circumstances in doing something that should not be done.
  33. Malpractice refers to medical or professional negligence. it involves the lack of reasonable care, forsight, and or skill in treating a patient.
  34. identify the 3 most common causes of malpractice
    • grief or anger over an unexpected loss
    • poor communication
    • lack of client understanding of the risks
  35. describe in general terms what happens when a credentialed VT or VA is accused of wrong doing
    • VT- complaint is reviewed ,decide whether to gather evidence through an investigator, review to see if a hearing is neccessary, if so they hold one with all parties.
    • VA- it is turned over to a prosecuter
  36. explain the priveleged information concept
    everything about a case and a client is confidential unless a release is signed.
  37. describe the 3 main criteria that make up VCPR and how they relate to contract laws
    • 1.The licensed DVM assumed responsibilty for making clinical judgements regarding the animal
    • 2. The DVM has sufficient knowledge to diagnose the medical condition of the animal.
    • 3. The DVM is readily available for follow up evaluations and emergencycoverage in the event adverse reactions
  38. what are the 2 general safety risks
    • 1. the sudden accidental dog bites, needle stick, fall, etc
    • 2. additive effects of repeated chronic exposure to dangerous radiation, anesthetic gases, chemicals, disinfectants, flea agents
  39. what are some of the risks of being pregnant and working in a veterinary hospital
    • being in a room while Xrays are exposed
    • anesthetic gases
  40. which trimester is the fetus at greatest risk
    first trimester
  41. briefly describe how a person can be infected with rabies and why pre exposure protection is so important
    • you can only get rabies through a bite or exposure to an infected animals saliva through a skin abrasion into your nerves.
    • pre exposure protection is important because possible exposure could occur without even knowing
  42. what protozoan zoonotic disease is the greatest risk to a pregnant women
  43. describe the way in which the bacterial organism "Clostridium Tetani" causes disease
    it is anaerobic and produces a potent toxin in the absence of air
  44. explain restraint and the 5 factors that will influence ones ability to successfully restrain an animal
    • 1. accomodate the individual variations of each animal
    • 2.reconize the animals stress level
    • 3.anticipate all possible reactions
    • 4.understand & accomodate behaivors
    • 5. apply just the right amt of restraint to get the job done effectively and quickly
  45. what is the minimum restraint rule and why it is important for the handler and the animal
    • use the minimum amt of restraint necessary to safely and effectively accomplish the task.
    • its important b/c too much restraint can create alot of stress & not enough restraint could allow the animal to escape or injury itself or the handler
  46. what are 3 types of restraint
    • physical-muzzles, ropes, crates
    • psychological-take away sight, take them out of their territory
    • chemical-can be given oral, blow gun, dart gun
  47. fetus
    • the developing young in the uterus, specifically the unborn offspring in the
    • postembryonic period, in humans from nine weeks after fertilization until birth.
  48. labor
    • The physical efforts of expulsion of the fetus and the
    • placenta from the uterus during parturition
  49. gestation
    The period of fetal development from conception until birth; pregnancy
  50. hysterorrexis
    Rupture of the uterus.
  51. endometritis
    Inflammation of the endometrium
  52. endometrium
    The glandular mucous membrane comprising the inner layer of the uterine wall
  53. embryo
    The fertilized egg of a vertebrate animal following cleavage
  54. amniotic fluid
    • The fluid within the amnion that surrounds the fetus and
    • protects it from injury.
  55. amnion
    • The thin, membranous sac filled with a serous fluid in which the embryo or fetus
    • is enclosed and suspended in the uterus
  56. amnioncentesis
    • Amniocentesis is a procedure used to diagnose fetal defects in the early second
    • trimester of pregnancy
  57. mammary
    pertaining to the mammary gland or breast
  58. mastectomy
    • Mastectomy is the surgical removal of the breast for the
    • treatment or prevention of breast cancer.
  59. myometritis
    Inflammation of the muscular wall of the uterus
  60. mastitis
    an infection of the breast
  61. neonatal
    Of or relating to the first 28 days of an infant's life
  62. parturition
    • The process of labor and delivery in the birth of a
    • child.
  63. perineum
    • The area between the opening of the vagina and the anus in a woman, or the area
    • between the scrotum and the anus in a man
  64. peritoneum
    the serous membrane lining the walls of the abdominal and pelvic cavities
  65. peritonitis
    • inflammation of the membrane which lines the inside of the abdomen and all of
    • the internal organs
  66. placenta
    The organ that allows interchange between the fetus and the mother
  67. apnea
    without breathing
  68. bradyapnea
    very slow breathing
  69. blepharoptosis
    prolapse or drooping of the eyelid
  70. blephar
    eyelid
  71. -edema
    excessive fluid in the tissue
  72. -oscopy
    looking into
  73. corectasia
    dialation of the pupil
  74. cor-
    pupil
  75. -ectopia
    misplaced
  76. corneal
    pertaining to the cornea
  77. diaphragm
    the musculomembranous wall seperating the abdomen from the chest
  78. keratome
    instrument to cut the cornea
  79. laryngo
    voice box
  80. -ome
    instrument for cutting
  81. iridocele
    herniation of the iris
  82. -otomy
    surgical incision
  83. nasolacrimal duct
    structure that empties the tears into the nasal cavity
  84. nasopharyngitis
  85. thoracocentesis
    puncture of the chest cavity to draw off fluid
  86. scler-
    sclera
  87. -pathy
    a diseased condition
  88. pneum
    air or gases
  89. pleurisy
    inflammation of the covering of the lings
  90. pleuralgia
    pain in the pleura
  91. ophthamologist
    physician who practices the medical specialty concerned with diseases of the eye

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