Tools_and_equipment.txt

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study1
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117145
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Tools_and_equipment.txt
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2011-11-15 22:20:58
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  1. Many tools operate with just the power of the operator, others use 1____, 2____, 3____
    • 1 air
    • 2 hydraulic
    • 3 gasoline engine operated
  2. Some tools generate thousands of pounds of ____
    Leverage
  3. The hurst hydraulic rescue tool is used for 1____, & 2___
    • 1 rescue
    • 2 forcible entry
  4. The weight of each tool is 1___lbs, and the weight of the power unit is 2___lbs.
    • 1 60lbs
    • 2. 40lbs
  5. The hurst tool is scissor-like made from 1___ _____, and approximately 2_____ long.
    • 1 forged titanium
    • 2 2.5' long
  6. The force exerted at the tip of the jaws is about 1____ psi push & 2____ psi pull.
    • 1 10,000
    • 2 20,000
  7. Hurst is operated by grasping the back portion with both hands, either thumb can open or close. & it's only used for 1____ & 2_____.
    • 1 prying
    • 2 separating
  8. The shears can sever a 1____ with one cutting movement, and after that the roof will easily peel back.
    1 post
  9. While using the hurst tool be aware of 1____ _____ ____
    Sharp jagged edges
  10. In seconds the hurst tool can cut 1___, & 2___
    • 1 windshield posts
    • 2 metal clad door frames
  11. The use of 1___ can pull a steering wheel & column completely out of a car
    1 chains
  12. Hurst hydraulic tools makes it possible to Lift the weight of a 1__
    1 car
  13. Saws are gas operated used for multipurpose, high speed cutting for forcible entry, 1___ & 2___
    • 1 ventilation
    • 2 extrication
  14. A saw will cut through 1___, 2___, 3__, & 4__
    • 1 concrete
    • 2 wood
    • 3 metal
    • 4 glass
  15. A saw weighs 1__lbs, and approximately 2___rpm
    • 1 30lbs
    • 2 5,000rpm
  16. Saws create large amounts of sparks while in use but can allow openings to be cut through almost 1___ ___
    1 any material
  17. 1___ ____ chain saw is being used by the fire dept now for roof ventilation
    1 carbide tipped
  18. Air chisel uses a 1___ ___ ___ to operate
    1 SCBA compressed air
  19. Air chisel is great for cutting 1___ ___, commonly used to cut 2___ ___ , & 3___ ___ __ in commercial warehouses
    • 1 sheet metal
    • 2 car roofs
    • 3 roll up doors
  20. There is a spring steel catch assembly that keeps the tip in the chisel, while using a chisel there are a number of 1__ ___
    1 interchangeable tips
  21. A chisel is used by one person and can cut a 1___ft square in a car roof in 2mins
    1 2ft
  22. Chisel can only be used on this material ..
    Metal
  23. A pick head axe is used for 1__ & 2___
    • 1 Forcible entry
    • 2 ventilation
  24. A pick head axe is used as a wedge to open windows, doors, and the pick is used to 1____ ____
    1 rake shingles
  25. Pick head axe is carried in 1___ ___ which keeps the blade from being exposed, it's worn around the waist
    1 leather sheath
  26. If carrying the pick head axe out of the case use the 1__ ___
    • 1 two handed method
    • One hand below the head and one hand on the pick
  27. When using a pick axe keep your feet apart for 1__ & 2___
    • 1 balanace
    • 2 safety
  28. The 1__ __ has a pick on one side of the head & an off set conventional blade on the other side
    1 Pry axe
  29. The pry axe has a handle with a pry device at the opposite end for 1___ __ __
    1 gas shut off
  30. Other names for a pry axe is 1__ __ & 2__ __
    • 1 airplane axe
    • 2 crash axe
  31. This axe is made from non sparking material & has a knife like cutting edge in addition to the axe blade
    Pry axe
  32. The 1____ __ is a hook attached to the end of a wooden or fiberglass pole, and about 3-20ft long.
    1 pike pole
  33. The 1__ __ can be used above or below a ceiling or used during overhaul to pull a ceiling.
    1 pike pole
  34. The pike pole is invaluable when findin and extinguishing fire trapped in 1___ & 2. __
    • 1 attics
    • 2 crawl spaces
  35. What is the proper way to carry a pike pole
    The pike portion should be held in front of you
  36. What is the proper way to use a pike pole
    Thrustthe tool Using both hands while using it below a ceiling, the pike is turned so the hook catches the ceiling
  37. The wire cutters are used to sever 1__, 2__,3__,4___
    • 1 padlocks
    • 2 chains
    • 3 wire fences
    • 4 gates
  38. 1___ is found in the first aid kit and resuscitator kit, it's the portion of the blood pressure cuff that reads the pressure
    1 sphygmomanometer
  39. Use 1__ ___ to flush eyes and wounds
    1 sterile saline
  40. The first aid and resuscitator kit contains 1__,2__,3__,4__
    • 1 absorbent gauze
    • 2 bandages
    • 3 pads
    • 4 bandaging materials
  41. First aid & resuscitator kit contains a 1__, & 2__ both allow u to breathe for the patient
    • 1 bag mask resuscitator
    • 2 positive pressure ventilation device
  42. A bag mask contains 1__,2__,3__ and is impossible to assemble wrong.
    • 1 face piece
    • 2 bag
    • 3 reservoir
  43. A 1__ __ __ __ is a demand valve that supplies oxygen through regulator to a face piece that does not allow a flow unless the patient inhales.
    1 positive pressure ventilation device
  44. Tarps are either 1__ or 2__
    • 1 canvas
    • 2 viscuene plastic
  45. 1__ protect furniture from water & smoke damage, also covers rugs to prevent foot traffic damage
    1 tarps
  46. Tarps can be used as a 1__ for water or a 2__ __
    • 1 chute
    • 2 catch basin
  47. 1__ __ is carried on ur back, has a hand held hose, and sucks up water after fire or spill
    1 water vacuum
  48. A water vac must be plugged into a 1__ ___ ___, and picks up 2__ __ of water in a few mins
    • 1 AC electrical source
    • 2 3.5 gallons
  49. 1__ __ __ __ cuts through various thick metals for forcible entry and rescue. Dangerous because of it's high heat flame, potential to ignite flammable gases
    1 oxy-acetylene cutting torch
  50. The oxy-acetylene cutting torch uses two compressed gases 1__ & 2__ connected to the torch by hoses severing these hoses would be a tremendous hazard
    • 1 O2 (oxygen)
    • 2 acetylene
  51. 1__ has one of the highest flammable ranges, it can burn in a n atmosphere of very little oxygen
    1 acetylene
  52. Class A extinguisher is marked by 1__,2__,3__
    • 1 green triangle
    • 2 a large A
    • 3 ordinary combustibles
  53. Class B fire extinguishers Are marked by 1__,2__,3
    • 1 large b
    • 2 red square
    • 3 flammable liquids
  54. Class C extinguisher is marked by 1__,2__,3__
    • 1 blue circle
    • 2 large c
    • 3 electrical equipment
  55. Class D fire extinguishers are marked with 1__,2__,3__
    • 1 yellow star
    • 2 large D
    • 3 combustibles metals
  56. Which Portable fire extinguishers get a numeric rating 1__ & 2__
    • 1 class A
    • 2 class B
  57. Standard tests are given to various types and sizes of extinguishers, a numeric rating precedes the letter giving an indication of the relative amount. the 1__ the number the more fire is can extinguish
    1larger
  58. 1__ __ is a hand activated pump & stores water in a non pressurized container. Pumping motion creates pressure to expel the water
    1 pump tank
  59. 1__ __ is a cylindrical tank with a discharge valve, pressure gauge, flexible hose connection, to the discharge valve. Is a 2.5 gallon wall mount
    1 stored pressure
  60. 1__, & 2__ water extinguishers can be seen in 1.5, 1.75, 2.5, 4 & 5 gallon types.
    • 1 pump
    • 2 pressure
  61. Water weighs 1__lbs per gallon.
    1. 8.33
  62. Maintenance is limited on water extinguishers to 1__,2__,3__
    • 1 operational checks
    • 2 quantity verifications
    • 3 frequent monitoring of pressure gauges
  63. Carbon dioxide extinguishers are except for class 1_,2_,3_
    • 1 A
    • 2 B
    • 3 C
  64. Carbon dioxide extinguishers Leave no residue and great for 1__ ___ where leaving damage is an issue
    1 electrical equipment
  65. Carbon dioxide extinguishers expels a very cold gas cloud about 1__ft to 2__ft
    • 1. 3ft
    • 2. 8ft
  66. Carbon dioxide extinguishers work by removing oxygen (O2). Discharged through a tapered tube at the base of the 1__
    1 flame
  67. Carbon dioxide extinguishers are found in 2.5, 1_,2_, 7.5,10, 12, 15, 3_,4_, 26, 50, 75 & 100lbs units
    • 1 5lbs
    • 2 6lbs
    • 3 20lbs
    • 4 25lbs
  68. 1__ __ on carbon dioxide extinguishers of the contents by a licensed company is required, weighing the cylinder and checking the ability of the unit to function
    1 annual certification
  69. Carbon dioxide metal containers require hydrostatic testing at 1__ __ __
    1 5 year intervals
  70. Dry chemical extinguishers are 1__ __ & have a range of 2__ft to 3__ft
    • 1 Pressure operated
    • 2 5ft
    • 3 15ft
  71. Dry chemical extinguishers leave a 1__ __ when they hit a hot surface, this can damage electrical and mechanical equipment
    1 hard residue
  72. Dry chemical extinguishers are operated by holding or placing on ground. 1__ __ can be worked with one hand once u remove the safety pin and seal
    1 discharge valve
  73. Point the whole dry chemical unit if the nozzle is part of the discharge valve at the 1__ of the fire and 2__ __ & __
    • 1 fire
    • 2 sweep back & forth
  74. Dry chemical extinguishers maintenance is an annual discharge of pressure & removal of powder. Sift powder to remove lumps caused by 1__ & 2__ they can clog in the orifice.
    • 1 moisture
    • 2 settling
  75. Early in a fire disconnect 1__ & 2__. You can then get ur electric from portable gasoline operated generators or from a light truck
    • 1 electric
    • 2 gas
  76. Special 1__ __ __ cords allow portable Waterproof lights & other equipment to be placed in the building
    1 waterproofed grounded extension
  77. The generator can also operate other tools such as 1__ __
    1 water vacuum
  78. Protective clothing must be worn, especially for a flashover where temps can reach 1__ degrees
    1. 1,000 degrees
  79. What are the 6 protective clothing you wear..
    • Helmet
    • Coat
    • Pants with liner
    • Boots
    • Hood
    • Gloves
  80. Turn out boots are made from neoprene or butyl rubber. All boots should have protective insoles & toe caps to prevent 1__ & 2__
    • 1 puncture
    • 2 crush injuries
  81. Boots & pants r made for protection & to easily put on Place the pants over the boots in each leg. When donning step into the boots & pull up with the 1__ mounted on the top of boots
    1 straps
  82. While putting on the pants pull up to the waist, snap the clip and pull up the 1__
    1 suspenders
  83. SCBA is one of the most important tools used today. Wool carpet releases 1__ __ that can cause death
    1 cyanide gas
  84. SCBA consists of 5 pieces.. Name these
    • 1 bottle
    • 2 light weight frame & harness
    • 3 pressure regulator
    • 4 rubberized face mask
    • 5 connecting air supply hoses
  85. Self contained breathing apparatus weighs 1__ lbs. And is constructed of lightweight metal except for 2__ & 3___
    • 1 35lbs
    • 2 regulator
    • 3 iron air tank
  86. (SCBA) most depts are switching to a lightweight metal tank wrapped in fiberglass that weighs 1__ __ as much
    1. One half
  87. SCBA tank contains 1__ not 2__. and the alarm bell rings when there is 3__ minutes of air left
    • 1 air
    • 2 O2 ( oxygen)
    • 3. Five mins
  88. (thermal imaging camera) smoke occluded visible light because the carbon found in 1__ & 2__ share the same wave length
    • 1 smoke
    • 2 visible light
  89. Thermal imaging camera uses 1__ __ which has a longer wave length the carbon, so it can see through it. Translates infrared light or thermal signature into visible light on the monitor
    1 infrared light
  90. thermal imaging cameras show the color black as 1__ & white as 2__ . Some can show color.
    • 1 cold
    • 2 hot
  91. With TIC color of an object is dependent on the 1___ of the environment. Hose lines will appear warm or white in below freezing atmospheres. In a house fire the hoses will appear black/cold
    1 temperatures
  92. Using the 1__ __ __ uses difference in temperatures to determine the shade assigned to an object. The hotter the environment, the sharper contrast and 1__ __
    • 1 thermal imaging camera
    • 2 better picture
  93. The TIC in environments with little tempt differences of hot or cold, the contrast and picture will be 1__
    1 poor
  94. TIC involves little maintenance, clean 1__, & 2__ body with a soft rag & mild detergent. Check 3__ daily. The older the battery the life of a full charge will decrease. Recondition or Replace battery if need be.
    • 1 lens
    • 2 body
    • 3 battery
  95. Thermal imaging cameras are 1_ _ that can & will fail. You also have no 2__ __ therefore extra time is critical for scanning an environment.
    • 1 electrical devices
    • 2 peripheral vision
  96. TIC (thermal imaging camera) you also have no 1__ __, placing a tool like the handle of an axe in the cameras field will increase ur ability to judge.
    1 depth perception
  97. Hold the thermal imaging camera as close to ur face as possible to eliminate the 1__ __ between the lens and ur eyes.
    1 blind spot
  98. While using the thermal imaging camera 1__ __ will mask thermal energy, it can't read through walls only the surface temperature
    1 solid objects
  99. Using Thermal imaging camera turnouts and winter cloths may 1__ or 2__ body heat
    • 1 mask
    • 2 insulate
  100. applications and techniques of using a thermal imaging camera use a 1__ __
    1 systematic approach
  101. what are the 6 ways to scan a room using a thermal imaging camera
    • 1 ceiling
    • 2 floor
    • 3 left
    • 4 & 5 wall in front of you & to the right
    • 6 wall behind you
  102. when using a TIC (thermal imaging camera) when advancing a line navigate from 1__ _ __
    1 point to point
  103. TIC has two types of searches..

    1___ __ __ that can be done with any traditional search method. this will speed ur search, but you have to wait for the crew.

    2___ __ ___ done in hallways with small roos off to the side..the guy with the camerastays in the hallways & guides members in the room with 3__ __ __ directions. can also monitor fire conditions
    • 1 thermal imager led
    • 2 thermal imager guided
    • 3 loud specific directions
  104. Rope can be used for 1__/___. A life line for rescue. 2 __ __ for crowd control or secue areas. Rigging & lashing. Pulling and removing dangerous walls cimneys & columns. guy lines for stability. Also used for 3__ & __. towing pulling and dragging.
    • 1 hoisting/lowering
    • 2 police line
    • 3 halyard & anchoring
  105. rope is constructed from vegitable fiber like 1__, 2__, 3__, 4__
    • 1 manila
    • 2 sisal
    • 3 hemp
    • 4 cotton
  106. some rope is constructed of synthetics like1__,2__,3__4__
    • 1 nylon
    • 2 dacron
    • 3 polyethylene
    • 4 polypropylene
  107. 1__ __ rope has the best balance and stablity
    1 medium lay
  108. 1__ rope is extremely strong & resists chemicals & abradions better then manila. Its manifactured in two styles
    1 nylon
  109. 1___ is nylon braided sheath woven around a core of straight nylon fibers. is is static low stretch
    1 kernmantle
  110. 1__ _ ___ is nylon braided sheath woven around a braided nylon core. it is dynamic . high stretch
    1 braid on braid
  111. the three sizes of rope are 1_,2_,3_
    • 1 1/2
    • 2 9/16
    • 3 3/4
  112. one half inch of manila rope has a breaking strenght of 1____lbs
    1 2,650lbs
  113. one half inch nylon rope has a breaking strength of 1___lbs
    1 7,000 lbs
  114. 9/16 inch nylon rope has a breaking strength of 1___, used for rope rescue
    1 11,000lbs
  115. 3/4 inch manila rope has a breaking strength of 1___lbs and is used to raise equipment 7 in other situations where a human life is not dependent on the rope
    1 5,400lbs
  116. when using a rope it should always be protected from 1__,2__,3__
    • 1 grease
    • 2 oil
    • 3 acid
  117. clean a dirty rope with 1__, never soak or use a heavy detergent, dry thoroughly
    1 water
  118. to ensure a long life of a rope aviod excess strain, do not 1 __/__, avoid chemicals avoid excessive moisture in storage and excess 2__ _ __
    • 1 cut/abrade
    • 2 heat and sun
  119. rope is the strongest when the stress of a load is applied 1___ to all the fibers. this happens when the pull is along the axis of the rope, changing the direction of a axis such as adding a knot compresses the fibers on the inside and stretches fibers on the outside of the bend
    1 evenly
  120. the sharper the bend in the rope to form a knot, the 1___ __ __ gets.
    1 weaker the rope gets
  121. straight manila rope 1__% strong, 90% for the 2__, long or short. 60% for the 3__ __, __ __. 4__% strong for sqaure knot, bowline
    • 1 100%
    • 2 splie
    • 3 clove hitch, beckeet bend
    • 4 50%
  122. things that make a knot valuable are, easy to tie, easy to untie, shouldn't tighten when 1__, must hold 2__ without slipping, not weaken the rope excessively, present a 3__ __ without bulk, and easy to identify
    • 1 wet
    • 2 securely
    • 3 neat appearance
  123. a 1__ knot is basically used in first aid
    1 square
  124. a square knot is used for tying 1__ and slings or when it becomes necessary to bind two lines together
    1 bandages
  125. a 1__ __ knot is designed to lift a cylindrical object
    1 barrel hitch
  126. a 1__ __ knot is used as a stopper knot when tied to a single line.

    when ties to a double line, it can be used to sling on the hook of a block and tackle by using a hitch
    1 figure eight
  127. the 1__ __ is used most often to finish the tie used when hoisting tools

    there is a SINGLE and a DOUBLE
    1 half hitch
  128. the 1__ __ is a knot that will allow the tying of two ropes of equal or unequal sizes together

    it will hold without slipping & it can be folded salvage cover without damaging
    1 becket bend
  129. the 1__ __ know is very fast & easy. it is commonly tied on a hose strap to carry a hose
    1 larks foot
  130. the 1__ __ knot is most often used to tie an object being secured to go aloft

    it is also used to secure lashings and riggings
    1 clove hitch
  131. the 1__ __ knot is quick, easy, and made for holding some types of equpiment such as a salvage cover

    will not slip and is easy to untie, even when wet
    1 timber hitch
  132. a 1__ __ knot is on the the most used and vaersatile knots in the fire services.

    once tied properly, this knot is one of the most secure

    can secure a line for rescue and can be used for pulling & hoisting
    1 bowline

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