Chemistry Chapter 4 Review

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Author:
jamalel2
ID:
11719
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Chemistry Chapter 4 Review
Updated:
2010-03-23 14:03:44
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Chemistry Molecular Nature of Matter and Change 5th edition
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This is a review of a few facts that should be known about Chapter 4 of the Chemistry Molecular Nature of Matter and Change 5th edition textbook.
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  1. What is the first solubility rule for soluble ionic compounds in water?
    1) All common compounds of Group 1A(1) ions (Li+, Na+, K+, etc.) and ammonium ion (NH4+) are soluble.
  2. What is the second solubility rule for soluble ionic compounds in water?
    2) All common nitrates (NO3-), acetates (CH3COO- or C2H3O2-), and most perchlorates (ClO4-) are soluble.
  3. What is the third solubility rule for soluble ionic compounds in water?
    3) All common chlorides (Cl-), bromides (Br-), and iodides (I-) are soluble, except those of Ag+, Pb2+, Cu+, and Hg22+. All common fluroids (F-) are soluble, except those of Pb2+ and Group 2A(2).
  4. What is the fourth solubility rule for soluble ionic compounds in water?
    4) All common sulfates (SO42-) are soluble, except those of Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Ag+, and Pb2+.
  5. What is the first solubility rule for insoluble ionic compounds in water?
    1) All common metal hydroxides are insoluble, except those of Group 1A(1) and the larger members of Group 2A(2) (beginning with Ca2+).
  6. What is the second solubility rule for insoluble ionic compounds in water?
    2) All common carbonates (CO32-) and phosphates (PO43-) are insoluble, except those of Group 1A(1) and NH4+.
  7. What is the third solubility rule for insoluble ionic compounds in water?
    3) All common sulfides are insoluble except those of Group 1A(1), Group 2A(2), and NH4+.
  8. Name the six (6) commonly known strong acids.
    • 1) HCl, Hydrochloric acid
    • 2) HBr, Hydrobromic acid
    • 3) HI, Hydriodic acid
    • 4) HNO3, Nitric acid
    • 5) H2SO4, Sulfuric acid
    • 6) HClO4, Perchloric acid
  9. Name the three (3) commonly known weak acids.
    • 1) HF, Hydrofluoric acid
    • 2) H3PO4, Phosphoric acid
    • 3) CH3COOH (or HC2H3O2), Acetic acid
  10. Name the five (5) commonly known strong bases.
    • 1) NaOH, Sodium hydroxide
    • 2) KOH, Potassium hydroxide
    • 3) Ca(OH)2, Calcium hydroxide
    • 4) Sr(OH)2, Strontium hydroxide
    • 5) Ba(OH)2, Barium hydroxide
  11. Name the one (1) commonly known weak base.
    1) NH3, Ammonia

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