Electrolytes

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
11720
Filename:
Electrolytes
Updated:
2010-03-23 13:45:59
Tags:
renal function
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gatorade
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  1. Where is ADH made and where is it stored?
    made in hypothymus and stored in the pituitary gland.
  2. What is the adrenocoritcal insufficiency that displays hyperkalemia and hyponatremia?
    Addison's Disease.
  3. Cushing's Syndrome is caused by what?
    an increased production of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
  4. Why do women have a lower average water content than men?
    b/c they have a higher fat content.
  5. colligative properties?
    *boiling point

    *freezing point

    *osmotic pressure

    *vapor pressure
  6. Extracellular Fluid can be subdivided by?
    • * intravascular cellular fluid (plasma)
    • -93% H2O
    • -7% lipids and proteins

    • *interstitial cell fluid
    • -surrounds cells in tissues
  7. Difference between Active Transport and Diffusion?
    • active transport= solutes move from an area of lower concentration to an area of higher concentration
    • *requires ATP

    • diffusion= solutes move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
    • *no ATP required
  8. Nephrons filter how much blood to produce how much urine in a day?
    • filter 125 ml of blood a min.
    • 180 L/day

    makes 1-2 L of urine/day
  9. Explain the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system?
    • juxtaglomerular cells secrete renin.
    • renin then becomes angiotensin II (vasoconstrictor)
    • angiotensin II stimulates Aldosterone (raises blood pressure)

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