15.3 inflammations, infections, hereditary, congenital and developmental disorders and other abnorma

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15.3 inflammations, infections, hereditary, congenital and developmental disorders and other abnorma
2011-11-16 11:37:29
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15.3 the special senses: the eye: pathologic conditions relating to the eye: inflammations, infections, hereditary, congenital and developmental disorders and other abnormal conditions of the eye
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  1. acute contagious conjunctivitis
    purulent infection of conjunctiva (also called pinkeye)
  2. blepharitis
    inflammation of the eyelid
  3. chorioretinitis
    inflammation of choroid and retina (also called retinochoroiditis)
  4. choroiditis
    inflammation of choroid
  5. conjunctivitis
    inflammation of conjunctiva
  6. dacryoadenitis
    inflammation of lacrimal gland (also called dacryadenitis)
  7. dacryocystitis
    inflammation of lacrimal sac
  8. iritis
    inflammation of iris
  9. keratitis
    inflammation of cornea
  10. keratoconjunctivitis sicca
    inflammation of cornea and conjunctiva because of a deficiency in tear production (also called dry eye)
  11. ophthalmitis
    inflammation of deeper structures of eye (also called ophthalmia)
  12. optic neuritis
    inflammation of optic nerve
  13. panophthalmitis
    inflammation of all structures of eye
  14. retinitis
    inflammation of retina
  15. scleritis
    inflammation of sclera
  16. uveitis
    inflammation of uvea, which includes iris, ciliary body and choroid
  17. achromatopsia
    absence of color vision from degeneration of the retinal cones; a hereditary disease of humans and malamute dogs.
  18. albinism
    absense of pigment in eye
  19. anophthalmos
    absense or rudimentary development of one or both eyes (also called anophthalmia)
  20. cherry eye
    prolapse of gland of third eyelid in dogs
  21. congenital cataract
    opacity of lens originating before birth
  22. ectopia of lens
    misplacement of lens
  23. ectropion
    rolling outward of eyelid, common in St. Bernards
  24. entropion
    rolling inward of eyelid, common in chow chows and shar-peis.
  25. epiphora
    excessive tearing, common in poodles
  26. microphthalmos
    abnormally small eyes
  27. adhesions of iris
    fibrous bands or strictures present in iris or adhering iris to other eye structures
  28. altered pupillary reflexes
    hyper- (over) or hypo- (under) contraction of pupil on exposure to light
  29. amaurosis
  30. anisocoria
    uneven size of pupils
  31. aphakia
    absense of lens, usually used to describe absence of lens after cataract surgery, but it may also be a congenital anomaly
  32. astigmatism
    defective curvature of refractive surfaces of eye, causing light rays to spread over a more or less diffuse area and not sharply focus on retina (stigma means point)
  33. blepharospasm
    spasm of eyelid or excessive winking of eyes
  34. blindness
    lack or loss of sight, with variety of causes and a number of types
  35. cararact
    opacity of crystalline lens or its capsule, with a number of types and varying causes
  36. corneal opacity
    opacity of cornea
  37. corneal ulcer
    lesion of cornea
  38. diabetic retinopathy
    noninflammatory degeneration of retina, characterized by retinal ischemia, hemmorhages and exudation
  39. diplopia
    double vision (diplo means double)
  40. glaucoma
    disease characterized by excessive intraocular pressure, with hardness of eye, atrophy of retina, and possible progression to blindness
  41. hypertensive retinopathy
    retinal degeneration caused by hypertension
  42. hypopyon
    accumulation of pus in anterior chamber of eye
  43. lenticular opacity
    opacity in lens
  44. myopia
    nearsightedness, caused by refraction error, which focuses parallel rays in front of retina
  45. nuclear sclerosis
    drying out of lens with age
  46. nystagmus
    involuntary, rapid, horizontal, vertical, rotary or mixed movements of eyebal (nys means nod)
  47. ophthalmoplegia
    paralysis of eye muscles
  48. pannus
    abnormal membrane-like corneal vascularization (pannus means cloth)
  49. proptosis
    displacement of eye out of its orbit
  50. ptosis
    dropping or falling of eyelid
  51. retinal detachment
    separation of retina from choroid that causes loss of vision; caused by abscesses or hemmorhages in vitreous body, trauma, complications of intraocular surgery, inflammation or tumors of choroid, and passage of vitreous or aqueous humor through hole in retina
  52. strabismus
    deviation of eye, with various forms called tropias (meaning turning), including estropia (turning inward; also called convergent strabismus or crossed eyes and seen in some Siamese cats); extropia (turning outward; also called wall-eyed), hypertropia (upward deviation of one eye); and hypotropia (downard deviation of one eye)
  53. synechia
    adhesion of one part of eye to another, especially iris to cornea or lens (synechia means continuity)
  54. trichiasis
    irritation of the cornea caused by abnormal hairs growing from the palpebral margins and impinging on the corneal surface
  55. xerophthalmia
    a condition of dry corneas and conjunctivae