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What was the first framework of government for
the independent United States?
The Articles of Confederation
British general surrendered at Yorktown?
vice president, John Adams was not invited to cabinet meetings; his only
official duty was to:
preside over the Senate
1. Washington chose which of the following men to
be his secretary of the treasury?
market revolution experienced by Americans after the War of 1812
- brought increasing numbers of people out of old
- patterns of rural self-sufficiency into the wider realm of national market
state constructed the Erie Canal
is known as the “father of the constitution”?
the Indians, the peace that began in 1783:
meant displacement and the future loss of land
American Christianity, created by slaves themselves,
- was an interpretation of the Christian message that emphasized
- justice, salvation, and liberation from slavery.
the federal constitution, the three branches of the federal government were and
Executive, Legislative, Judiciary
cotton production underwent a real boom in the late 1790s primarily because of
he invention of the cotton gin.
During the Revolutionary era, women who owned
property were granted the right to vote by the new state constitution of:
During the 1790s, a rift developed between
Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson partly because:
- Hamilton supported the commercial elite and admired the British.
During the Revolutionary
War, the British had the advantage over the Americans in all of
the following areas except
- the support of the local
- population and governments.
attack across the Delaware River on Christmas
- followed by another small
- victory at nearby Princeton.
The Americans’ victory at
the Battle of Saratoga was crucial to their ultimate victory over the British
for all of the following reasons except
- state governments took
- advantage of increased American morale in order to raise taxes and supply the
- Continental army with much-needed cash.
Baron von Steuben played a
critical role in the revolution when he
- instituted new training
- that toughened American soldiers.
The wartime diplomatic agreement in 1778
cementing the French-U.S. alliance was the
Treaty of Alliance.
The French alliance affected
the American cause because
- it provided badly needed
- funds and goods to the Continental army.
The French government’s
willingness to support the Patriots’ cause was triggered by
- France’s intention to
- avenge its loss of Canada to the British in the Great War for Empire.
Local militia contributed
significantly to all of the following Revolutionary War
Camden in 1780.
The events leading to the
military defeat of Cornwallis saw all of the following
- an American victory at the
- great pitched battle outside of Yorktown.
- alarmed many leading
The Articles of
- b. accorded states various
- powers but gave the central government control over foreign affairs.
A postwar crisis
developed for all of the following reasons except
- the British threatened to
- invade America from Canada.
In the West, the
- both restricted and allowed
- for the expansion of slavery.
15. Shays’s Rebellion was
essentially a struggle about the
- lack of debtor-relief
manufacturers were able to out-compete American manufacturers because they
possessed all of the
following advantages except
- abundant cotton
- production at home
The development of machine
tools is significant because they
- produced machines
- that made standardized parts rapidly and cheaply.
Unions, mutual benefit
societies, and the labor theory of value are all examples of
- working-class attempts to
- gain some control over working conditions.
Factories relied on which of the following to increase productivity?
division of labor
The Waltham plan was a
revolutionary change for American industry because it
- cut labor costs by
- hiring women and girls.
Western commercial cities
such as Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and New Orleans grew rapidly in the 1830s
- they were located
- where goods had to be transferred from one mode of transportation to another.
New York City’s economic
advantages included all of
the following except
- the fact that it was
- the state capital.
The number of city dwellers
in the United States grew by which of the following percentages between 1820
The Erie Canal was so
successful because it
- linked the economies
- of the Midwest and the Northeast.
The Supreme Court case
of Gibbons v. Ogden in
1824, which struck down a New York law that created a monopoly on steamboat
travel into New York City, was important because it
- prevented state and
- local laws from interfering with interstate trade.
Workers who faced the worst
working and living conditions were
The disease in 1849 that
killed thousands of poor immigrants in St. Louis and New York City was
All of the following statements accurately describe the Irish in
America except they
- settled in the
- southern states.
What was the average amount
of whiskey that Americans drank per person in 1830 compared to 1845?
Benevolent groups persuaded
local governments to ban carnivals such as
Negro Election Day.
In his financial program,
Hamilton wanted to
- empower the central
- government by connecting its interests to those of the elite.
Jay’s controversial Treaty
of 1795 with the British included all of the following
- a return of property
- confiscated from Loyalists during the Revolution.
Jefferson objected to
Hamilton’s fiscal programs because they
- went beyond a strict
- interpretation of the Constitution.
The Whiskey Rebellion was
especially frightening because the rebels
- looked to the French
- Revolution for inspiration.
Two political factions grew
out of the Federalists as a result of conflict over
Hamilton’s fiscal programs.
American Indian policy from
1790 to 1820 included all of the following except
- allowing native peoples, as
- independent nations, to negotiate and establish alliances with any other
Slavery thrived in the new
lands of the Old Southwest because of
- an expansion of cotton
Native Americans objected
to the Treaty of Paris because it
- c. gave their lands, although
- unconquered, to the United States.
New lands opened by the
Treaty of Paris were
- primarily controlled by
- rich speculators.
Jefferson’s presidency was
- smaller government, a
- decrease in the national debt, more states’ rights, and an expansive western
The Embargo of 1807
- an imaginative but naive
- policy that hurt Americans more than anyone else.
The Battle of New Orleans
had which of the following impacts on the United States?
- undercut the Harford
- convention’s demands for constitutional revision.
The Russ-Bagot Treaty
included which of the following stipulations?
- limitations of American and
- British naval forces on the Great Lakes
The Adams-Onis Treaty
transferred which of the following Spanish colonies to the United States?
The policy declared by
President Monroe regarding the Western Hemisphere became known as the
The New South in the early
1800s was characterized by
- a high geographical
- mobility and a desire to make the West into a slave society.
The domestic slave trade
- the transportation
- and economic system that brought black slaves to the New South.
The federal government
played a major role in the expansion of slavery to the New South through all of
the following waysexcept
- investing in
- railroads and other industrial development projects in the 1810s.
The domestic slave trade
impacted African American families by
- destroying one in
- four slave marriages.
The gang system of slave
labor in the New South was characterized by
- large work crews
- supervised by a black driver and a white overseer to work on plantations.
Where did most free
southern blacks live?
in coastal cities
Free blacks faced all of
the following dangers except
Which of the following free
black men headed the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AMEC)?
In which of the following
ways did the federal government not restrict free black
- prohibition against
- living in the northern states