Lesson 4

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  1. teleological method
    the philosopical doctrine that final causes, design, and purpose exist in nature.
  2. 3 types of government, good and deviant forms
  3. hellenistic age
  4. Alexander the great
  5. Nicomachean ethics
  6. arete
    aka virtue. defined by action. virtuous actions fall into 2 groups; moral and intellectual
  7. moral virtues & intellectual virtues
    • moral virtues-are fostered in human beings by the cultivation from an early age of good habits that enable reason to control and moderate the desires and passions. Habits of self control are firmly established.
    • intellectual virtues-purely rational pursuit of the various branches of knowledge, are inculcated by teaching. because humans are defined by their rationality, the highest virtue is intellectual virtue.
  8. the mean
    Aristotles concept is called doctrine of the mean. Virtue or excellence in an individuals actions aims for the mean between extremes of excess and deficiency. For example, courage is the mean between foolhardiness (excess) and cowardice (deficiency). Aristotle also applies this idea of the mean to his analysis of the best forms of government.
  9. constitution
    an organized system of relationships governing the state and the citizen. structures of the state, laws, etc.
  10. polis
    greek city state. According to aristotle a genuine political community can exist only among relatively small, homogeneous group of people who have face to face contact with one another. ex. lawrence
  11. citizen
    • -Aristotle states that a citizen participates in "giving judgment and in holding office"
    • -aristotle admits that his definition best fits a democracy like athens where free males take turns holding office and serving the court.
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Lesson 4
2011-11-20 23:49:03
HWC 204

Greek Philosophy: Aristotle
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